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Institution

University of Manchester

EducationManchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
About: University of Manchester is a(n) education organization based out in Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Health care. The organization has 72133 authors who have published 168091 publication(s) receiving 6421267 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Manchester University & University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology.

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Topics: Population, Health care, Mental health ...read more
Authors

Showing all 72133 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Cyrus Cooper2041869206782
Michael Rutter188676151592
Julie E. Buring186950132967
John C. Morris1831441168413
David R. Williams1782034138789
Bradley Cox1692150156200
Michael Kramer1671713127224
Marc Weber1672716153502
Salvador Moncada164495138030
Peter A. R. Ade1621387138051
Daniel J. Jacob16265676530
David W. Johnson1602714140778
Anders M. Dale156823133891
John E. Morley154137797021
Bengt Winblad1531240101064
Papers
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1102896
Kostya S. Novoselov1, Andre K. Geim1, Sergey V. Morozov, Da Jiang1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
22 Oct 2004-Science
Abstract: We describe monocrystalline graphitic films, which are a few atoms thick but are nonetheless stable under ambient conditions, metallic, and of remarkably high quality. The films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence and conductance bands, and they exhibit a strong ambipolar electric field effect such that electrons and holes in concentrations up to 10 13 per square centimeter and with room-temperature mobilities of ∼10,000 square centimeters per volt-second can be induced by applying gate voltage.

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Topics: Carbon film (57%), Hall effect (55%), Ambipolar diffusion (54%) ...read more

48,846 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT1849
Andre K. Geim1, Kostya S. Novoselov1Institutions (1)
01 Mar 2007-Nature Materials
Abstract: Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its importance in terms of fundamental physics. Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena, some of which are unobservable in high-energy physics, can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments. More generally, graphene represents a conceptually new class of materials that are only one atom thick, and, on this basis, offers new inroads into low-dimensional physics that has never ceased to surprise and continues to provide a fertile ground for applications.

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Topics: Graphene antenna (57%), Graphene nanoribbons (53%), Bilayer graphene (52%) ...read more

32,822 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/REVMODPHYS.81.109
Abstract: This article reviews the basic theoretical aspects of graphene, a one-atom-thick allotrope of carbon, with unusual two-dimensional Dirac-like electronic excitations. The Dirac electrons can be controlled by application of external electric and magnetic fields, or by altering sample geometry and/or topology. The Dirac electrons behave in unusual ways in tunneling, confinement, and the integer quantum Hall effect. The electronic properties of graphene stacks are discussed and vary with stacking order and number of layers. Edge (surface) states in graphene depend on the edge termination (zigzag or armchair) and affect the physical properties of nanoribbons. Different types of disorder modify the Dirac equation leading to unusual spectroscopic and transport properties. The effects of electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions in single layer and multilayer graphene are also presented.

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Topics: Graphene nanoribbons (67%), Silicene (64%), Graphene (64%) ...read more

18,972 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE04233
Kostya S. Novoselov1, A. K. Geim1, Sergey V. Morozov, Da Jiang1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
10 Nov 2005-Nature
Abstract: Quantum electrodynamics (resulting from the merger of quantum mechanics and relativity theory) has provided a clear understanding of phenomena ranging from particle physics to cosmology and from astrophysics to quantum chemistry. The ideas underlying quantum electrodynamics also influence the theory of condensed matter, but quantum relativistic effects are usually minute in the known experimental systems that can be described accurately by the non-relativistic Schrodinger equation. Here we report an experimental study of a condensed-matter system (graphene, a single atomic layer of carbon) in which electron transport is essentially governed by Dirac's (relativistic) equation. The charge carriers in graphene mimic relativistic particles with zero rest mass and have an effective 'speed of light' c* approximately 10(6) m s(-1). Our study reveals a variety of unusual phenomena that are characteristic of two-dimensional Dirac fermions. In particular we have observed the following: first, graphene's conductivity never falls below a minimum value corresponding to the quantum unit of conductance, even when concentrations of charge carriers tend to zero; second, the integer quantum Hall effect in graphene is anomalous in that it occurs at half-integer filling factors; and third, the cyclotron mass m(c) of massless carriers in graphene is described by E = m(c)c*2. This two-dimensional system is not only interesting in itself but also allows access to the subtle and rich physics of quantum electrodynamics in a bench-top experiment.

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17,308 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1164/RCCM.201204-0596PP
Jørgen Vestbo1, Suzanne S. Hurd, Alvar Agusti2, Paul W. Jones3  +9 moreInstitutions (10)
Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains a major public health problem. It is the fourth leading cause of chronic morbidity and mortality in the United States, and is projected to rank fifth in 2020 in burden of disease worldwide, according to a study published by the World Bank/World Health Organization. Yet, COPD remains relatively unknown or ignored by the public as well as public health and government officials. In 1998, in an effort to bring more attention to COPD, its management, and its prevention, a committed group of scientists encouraged the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the World Health Organization to form the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Among the important objectives of GOLD are to increase awareness of COPD and to help the millions of people who suffer from this disease and die prematurely of it or its complications. The first step in the GOLD program was to prepare a consensus report, Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD, published in 2001. The present, newly revised document follows the same format as the original consensus report, but has been updated to reflect the many publications on COPD that have appeared. GOLD national leaders, a network of international experts, have initiated investigations of the causes and prevalence of COPD in their countries, and developed innovative approaches for the dissemination and implementation of COPD management guidelines. We appreciate the enormous amount of work the GOLD national leaders have done on behalf of their patients with COPD. Despite the achievements in the 5 years since the GOLD report was originally published, considerable additional work is ahead of us if we are to control this major public health problem. The GOLD initiative will continue to bring COPD to the attention of governments, public health officials, health care workers, and the general public, but a concerted effort by all involved in health care will be necessary.

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Topics: Global health (58%), Health care (57%), Public health (57%) ...read more

16,210 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
2022139
20218,572
20208,312
20197,403
20186,779
20176,958

Top Attributes

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Institution's top 5 most impactful journals

Social Science Research Network

2K papers, 41.6K citations

Nature

1.1K papers, 150.4K citations

Physical Review Letters

1K papers, 78.2K citations

Physical Review D

880 papers, 37.1K citations

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