Journal of Andrology
About: Journal of Andrology is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Sperm & Sperm motility. Over the lifetime, 4172 publication(s) have been published receiving 147850 citation(s).
Topics: Sperm, Sperm motility, Semen, Testosterone, Spermatogenesis
Papers published on a yearly basis
02 Jan 2000-Journal of Andrology
02 Jan 2002-Journal of Andrology
10 Sep 1987-Journal of Andrology
TL;DR: The results suggest that superoxide dismutase plays the major role in protecting human spermatozoa against lipid peroxidation, and the superoxide Dismutase activity of a fresh sperm sample appears to be a good predictor of the lifetime (up to the complete loss of motility) of that particular sample, and so may prove useful in semen analysis.
Abstract: Spontaneous lipid peroxidation in washed human spermatozoa was induced by aerobic incubation at 32 C and measured by malonaldehyde production; loss of motility during the incubation was determined simultaneously. Malonaldehyde production at the point of complete loss of motility, defined as the lipoperoxidative lethal endpoint (LLE), was 0.10 +/- 0.03 nmol/10(8) cells (mean +/- SD, n = 40), and was independent of the time to complete loss of motility. Human spermatozoa produced both H2O2 and O2-. during aerobic incubation. Inhibition of superoxide dismutase in these cells with KCN showed that all the H2O2 production is due to action of the dismutase. The superoxide dismutase activity of individual human sperm samples varied between 1 and 10 U/10(8) cells, variations between samples from a single donor being nearly as great as those between different donors. The time to complete motility loss (tL) showed equal variation of 1 to 10 hours among samples. The rate of spontaneous lipid peroxidation, calculated as LLE/tL, for a given sperm sample and the superoxide dismutase activity of the same sample, determined prior to aerobic incubation, gave a good linear correlation (r = 0.97). Glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione were found to be present in human spermatozoa, but showed little variation among samples. These results suggest that superoxide dismutase plays the major role in protecting human spermatozoa against lipid peroxidation. In addition, the superoxide dismutase activity of a fresh sperm sample appears to be a good predictor of the lifetime (up to the complete loss of motility) of that particular sample, and so may prove useful in semen analysis.
12 Nov 2000-Journal of Andrology
02 Jan 1990-Journal of Andrology
TL;DR: These concepts of membrane structure and the relationship of membrane composition to water and cryoprotectant movement are reviewed and reintroduced in the context of the established and successful protocol for freezing bull sperm to illustrate the molecular responses that may be necessary to survive a freeze-thaw cycle.
Abstract: Techniques for freezing bull sperm developed over the past 40 years have not yielded protocols for preserving sperm from other species. Recent advances in our understanding of cell membrane structure function and metabolism now permit alternative modes of investigation. These data will allow development of unique studies which should have a higher probability of yielding successful protocols for sperm from other species. In this review the authors will: (1) provide a general overview of cryopreservation; (2) review emerging concepts of membrane structure and the relationship of membrane composition to water and cryoprotectant movement; (3) emphasize how these parameters affect cell volume and surface areas; (4) focus attention on the concept that cryoprotectants will alter membrane structure and function in addition to their well-recognized effects on bulk solvent; and (5) emphasize the effect of the processing protocol on metabolic balance. These concepts are reintroduced in the context of the established and successful protocol for freezing bull sperm to illustrate the molecular responses that may be necessary to survive a freeze-thaw cycle.
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