Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
About: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Ionosphere & Earth's magnetic field. It has an ISSN identifier of 1364-6826. Over the lifetime, 10747 publication(s) have been published receiving 213497 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the global cloud cover observed by satellites and found that the observed variation of 3-4% of the cloud cover during the recent solar cycle is strongly correlated with the cosmic ray flux.
Abstract: In the search for a physical mechanism that could account for reported correlations between solar activity parameters and climate, we have investigated the global cloud cover observed by satellites. We find that the observed variation of 3–4% of the global cloud cover during the recent solar cycle is strongly correlated with the cosmic ray flux. This, in turn, is inversely correlated with the solar activity. The effect is larger at higher latitudes in agreement with the shielding effect of the Earth's magnetic field on high-energy charged particles. The observed systematic variation in cloud cover will have a significant effect on the incoming solar radiation and may, therefore, provide a possible explanation of the tropospheric and stratospheric 10–12 year oscillations which have been reported. The above relation between cosmic ray flux and cloud cover should also be of importance in an explanation of the correlation between solar cycle length and global temperature, that has been found.
TL;DR: In this article, the HWM90 thermospheric wind model has been revised in the lower thermosphere and extended into the mesosphere, stratosphere and lower atmosphere to provide a single analytic model for calculating zonal and meridional wind profiles representative of the climatological average for various geophysical conditions.
Abstract: The HWM90 thermospheric wind model has been revised in the lower thermosphere and extended into the mesosphere, stratosphere and lower atmosphere to provide a single analytic model for calculating zonal and meridional wind profiles representative of the climatological average for various geophysical conditions. Gradient winds from CIRA-86 plus rocket soundings, incoherent scatter radar, MF radar, and meteor radar provide the data base and are supplemented by previous data driven model summaries. Low-order spherical harmonics and Fourier series are used to describe the major variations throughout the atmosphere including latitude, annual, semiannual, local time (tides), and longitude (stationary wave 1), with a cubic spline interpolation in altitude. The model represents a smoothed compromise between the original data sources. Although agreement between various data sources is generally good, some systematic differences are noted, particularly near the mesopause. Overall root mean square differences between dar.a and model values are on the order of 15 m/s in the mesosphere and 10 m/s in the stratosphere for zonal winds, and 10 m/s and 5 m/s respectively for meridional winds.
Related Journals (5)
Journal of Geophysical Research
111K papers, 5.9M citations
Geophysical Research Letters
42.8K papers, 1.9M citations
10.8K papers, 330.8K citations
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
14.7K papers, 644.9K citations
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
12.8K papers, 770.6K citations