Physica E-low-dimensional Systems & Nanostructures
About: Physica E-low-dimensional Systems & Nanostructures is an academic journal published by Elsevier BV. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Quantum dot & Quantum well. It has an ISSN identifier of 1386-9477. Over the lifetime, 10665 publications have been published receiving 149107 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, three QD solar cell configurations are described: (1) photoelectrodes comprising QD arrays, (2) QD-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO 2, and (3) QDs dispersed in a blend of electron- and hole-conducting polymers.
Abstract: Quantum dot (QD) solar cells have the potential to increase the maximum attainable thermodynamic conversion efficiency of solar photon conversion up to about 66% by utilizing hot photogenerated carriers to produce higher photovoltages or higher photocurrents. The former effect is based on miniband transport and collection of hot carriers in QD array photoelectrodes before they relax to the band edges through phonon emission. The latter effect is based on utilizing hot carriers in QD solar cells to generate and collect additional electron–hole pairs through enhanced impact ionization processes. Three QD solar cell configurations are described: (1) photoelectrodes comprising QD arrays, (2) QD-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO 2 , and (3) QDs dispersed in a blend of electron- and hole-conducting polymers. These high-efficiency configurations require slow hot carrier cooling times, and we discuss initial results on slowed hot electron cooling in InP QDs.
TL;DR: In this article, the electrical properties of nano-ribboned field effect transistor (FE transistor) devices were investigated as a function of ribbon width, and it was shown that the resistivity of a ribbon increases as its width decreases, indicating the impact of edge states.
Abstract: We have fabricated graphene nano-ribbon field-effect transistor devices and investigated their electrical properties as a function of ribbon width. Our experiments show that the resistivity of a ribbon increases as its width decreases, indicating the impact of edge states. Analysis of temperature-dependent measurements suggests a finite quantum confinement gap opening in narrow ribbons. The electrical current noise of the graphene ribbon devices at low frequency is found to be dominated by the 1/f noise.
TL;DR: In this article, a room-temperature electrical injection and detection of spin currents and observed spin accumulation in an all-metal lateral mesoscopic spin valve, where ferromagnetic electrodes are used to drive a spin-polarized current into crossed copper strips.
Abstract: Finding a means to generate, control and use spin-polarized currents represents an important challenge for spin-based electronics, or `spintronics'. Spin currents and the associated phenomenon of spin accumulation can be realized by driving a current from a ferromagnetic electrode into a non-magnetic metal or semiconductor. This was first demonstrated over 15 years ago in a spin injection experiment on a single crystal aluminium bar at temperatures below 77 K. Recent experiments have demonstrated successful optical detection of spin injection in semiconductors, using either optical injection by circularly polarized light or electrical injection from a magnetic semiconductor. However, it has not been possible to achieve fully electrical spin injection and detection at room temperature. Here we report room-temperature electrical injection and detection of spin currents and observe spin accumulation in an all-metal lateral mesoscopic spin valve, where ferromagnetic electrodes are used to drive a spin-polarized current into crossed copper strips. We anticipate that larger signals should be obtainable by optimizing the choice of materials and device geometry.
TL;DR: In this article, the possibility of fabricating a wide class of free-standing nano-objects based on few monolayers thick scrolled heterostructures was shown, using an ultra-thin film (1 ML GaAs:1 ML InAs).
Abstract: The possibility is shown to fabricate a wide class of free-standing nano-objects based on few monolayers thick scrolled heterostructures. Using an ultra-thin film (1 ML GaAs:1 ML InAs), nanotubes with an inside diameter of ≈2 nm have been obtained, which constitutes the limiting size for this system. Molecular-beam-expitaxy overgrown structures with nanotubes embedded into GaAs have been obtained.
TL;DR: In this paper, the size and shape of gold and silver nanoparticles are modulated by varying the ratio of metal salt and extract in the reaction medium, and the nanoparticles obtained are characterized by UV-vis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR spectroscopy.
Abstract: Biological synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles of various shapes using the leaf extract of Hibiscus rosa sinensis is reported. This is a simple, cost-effective, stable for long time and reproducible aqueous room temperature synthesis method to obtain a self-assembly of Au and Ag nanoparticles. The size and shape of Au nanoparticles are modulated by varying the ratio of metal salt and extract in the reaction medium. Variation of pH of the reaction medium gives silver nanoparticles of different shapes. The nanoparticles obtained are characterized by UV–vis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR spectroscopy. Crystalline nature of the nanoparticles in the fcc structure are confirmed by the peaks in the XRD pattern corresponding to (1 1 1), (2 0 0), (2 2 0) and (3 1 1) planes, bright circular spots in the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) and clear lattice fringes in the high-resolution TEM image. From FTIR spectra it is found that the Au nanoparticles are bound to amine groups and the Ag nanoparticles to carboxylate ion groups.