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JournalISSN: 1948-5506

Social Psychological and Personality Science 

SAGE Publishing
About: Social Psychological and Personality Science is an academic journal published by SAGE Publishing. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Psychology & Social psychology. It has an ISSN identifier of 1948-5506. Over the lifetime, 1450 publications have been published receiving 48864 citations. The journal is also known as: Soc. Psychol. Person. Sci. & Social psychological & personality science.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This practical primer with accompanying spreadsheet and R package enables psychologists to easily perform equivalence tests (and power analyses) by setting equivalence bounds based on standardized effect sizes and provides recommendations to prespecify equivalence limits.
Abstract: Scientists should be able to provide support for the absence of a meaningful effect. Currently, researchers often incorrectly conclude an effect is absent based a nonsignificant result. A widely recommended approach within a frequentist framework is to test for equivalence. In equivalence tests, such as the two one-sided tests (TOST) procedure discussed in this article, an upper and lower equivalence bound is specified based on the smallest effect size of interest. The TOST procedure can be used to statistically reject the presence of effects large enough to be considered worthwhile. This practical primer with accompanying spreadsheet and R package enables psychologists to easily perform equivalence tests (and power analyses) by setting equivalence bounds based on standardized effect sizes and provides recommendations to prespecify equivalence bounds. Extending your statistical tool kit with equivalence tests is an easy way to improve your statistical and theoretical inferences.

1,027 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new method and convenient tools for determining sample size and power in mediation models are proposed and demonstrated and will allow researchers to quickly and easily determine power and sample size for simple and complex mediation models.
Abstract: Mediation analyses abound in social and personality psychology. Current recommendations for assessing power and sample size in mediation models include using a Monte Carlo power analysis simulation and testing the indirect effect with a bootstrapped confidence interval. Unfortunately, these methods have rarely been adopted by researchers due to limited software options and the computational time needed. We propose a new method and convenient tools for determining sample size and power in mediation models. We demonstrate our new method through an easy-to-use application that implements the method. These developments will allow researchers to quickly and easily determine power and sample size for simple and complex mediation models.

615 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The ability to rapidly collect large amounts of high-quality human subjects data has been one of the most important research tools of the past decade as mentioned in this paper, and it has been shown to be useful for many applications.
Abstract: Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is arguably one of the most important research tools of the past decade. The ability to rapidly collect large amounts of high-quality human subjects data has advanc...

480 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article found that deliberate practice, operationally defined as studying and memorizing words while alone, better predicted performance in the National Spelling Bee than being quizzed by others or reading for pleasure.
Abstract: The expert performance framework distinguishes between deliberate practice and less effective practice activities. The current longitudinal study is the first to use this framework to understand how children improve in an academic skill. Specifically, the authors examined the effectiveness and subjective experience of three preparation activities widely recommended to improve spelling skill. Deliberate practice, operationally defined as studying and memorizing words while alone, better predicted performance in the National Spelling Bee than being quizzed by others or reading for pleasure. Rated as the most effortful and least enjoyable type of preparation activity, deliberate practice was increasingly favored over being quizzed as spellers accumulated competition experience. Deliberate practice mediated the prediction of final performance by the personality trait of grit, suggesting that perseverance and passion for long-term goals enable spellers to persist with practice activities that are less intrinsi...

453 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work test the hypothesis that increasing individuals’ perceived control over the release and access of private information will increase their willingness to disclose sensitive information, and highlights how technologies designed to protect people can end up exacerbating the risks they face.
Abstract: We test the hypothesis that increasing individuals’ perceived control over the release and access of private information—even information that allows them to be personally identified––will increase their willingness to disclose sensitive information. If their willingness to divulge increases sufficiently, such an increase in control can, paradoxically, end up leaving them more vulnerable. Our findings highlight how, if people respond in a sufficiently offsetting fashion, technologies designed to protect them can end up exacerbating the risks they face.

420 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202347
202288
2021242
2020114
2019111
2018102