Journal•ISSN: 0169-3913

# Transport in Porous Media

Springer Science+Business Media

About: Transport in Porous Media is an academic journal published by Springer Science+Business Media. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Porous medium & Convection. It has an ISSN identifier of 0169-3913. Over the lifetime, 4200 publications have been published receiving 111248 citations.

Topics: Porous medium, Convection, Permeability (earth sciences), Relative permeability, Heat transfer

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, the Brinkman correction is used to accommodate ano slip condition at an interface between a porous medium and a bounding solid surface, and the analysis clearly indicates why the Brimmerman correction should not be used to adjust the slip condition.

Abstract: Stokes flow through a rigid porous medium is analyzed in terms of the method of volume averaging. The traditional averaging procedure leads to an equation of motion and a continuity equation expressed in terms of the volume-averaged pressure and velocity. The equation of motion contains integrals involving spatial deviations of the pressure and velocity, the Brinkman correction, and other lower-order terms. The analysis clearly indicates why the Brinkman correction should not be used to accommodate ano slip condition at an interface between a porous medium and a bounding solid surface.

1,605 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors derived the cubic law of the Navier-Stokes equations for flow between smooth, parallel plates and showed that the effective hydraulic aperture is less than the mean aperture, by a factor that depends on the ratio of the mean value of the aperture to its standard deviation.

Abstract: The flow of a single-phase fluid through a rough-walled rock fracture is discussed within the context of fluid mechanics. The derivation of the ‘cubic law’ is given as the solution to the Navier-Stokes equations for flow between smooth, parallel plates - the only fracture geometry that is amenable to exact treatment. The various geometric and kinematic conditions that are necessary in order for the Navier-Stokes equations to be replaced by the more tractable lubrication or Hele-Shaw equations are studied and quantified. In general, this requires a sufficiently low flow rate, and some restrictions on the spatial rate of change of the aperture profile. Various analytical and numerical results are reviewed pertaining to the problem of relating the effective hydraulic aperture to the statistics of the aperture distribution. These studies all lead to the conclusion that the effective hydraulic aperture is less than the mean aperture, by a factor that depends on the ratio of the mean value of the aperture to its standard deviation. The tortuosity effect caused by regions where the rock walls are in contact with each other is studied using the Hele-Shaw equations, leading to a simple correction factor that depends on the area fraction occupied by the contact regions. Finally, the predicted hydraulic apertures are compared to measured values for eight data sets from the literature for which aperture and conductivity data were available on the same fracture. It is found that reasonably accurate predictions of hydraulic conductivity can be made based solely on the first two moments of the aperture distribution function, and the proportion of contact area.

1,003 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a unified Hagen-Poiseuille-type equation for gaseous flow regimes through tight porous media is described by rigorous application of a unified formulation.

Abstract: Gaseous flow regimes through tight porous media are described by rigorous application of a unified Hagen–Poiseuille-type equation. Proper implementation is accomplished based on the realization of the preferential flow paths in porous media as a bundle of tortuous capillary tubes. Improved formulations and methodology presented here are shown to provide accurate and meaningful correlations of data considering the effect of the characteristic parameters of porous media including intrinsic permeability, porosity, and tortuosity on the apparent gas permeability, rarefaction coefficient, and Klinkenberg gas slippage factor.

653 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the volume averaged momentum equation is used to derive Darcy's law with the Forchheimer correction for homogeneous porous media, and the closure problem can be used to prove that F is a linear function of the velocity, and order of magnitude analysis suggests that this linear dependence may persist for a wide range of Reynolds numbers.

Abstract: In this paper we illustrate how the method of volume averaging can be used to derive Darcy's law with the Forchheimer correction for homogeneous porous media. Beginning with the Navier-Stokes equations, we find the volume averaged momentum equation to be given by
$$\langle v_\beta \rangle = - \frac{K}{{\mu _\beta }} \cdot (
abla \langle p_\beta \rangle ^\beta - \rho _\beta g) - F\cdot \langle v_\beta \rangle .$$
The Darcy's law permeability tensor, K, and the Forchheimer correction tensor, F, are determined by closure problems that must be solved using a spatially periodic model of a porous medium. When the Reynolds number is small compared to one, the closure problem can be used to prove that F is a linear function of the velocity, and order of magnitude analysis suggests that this linear dependence may persist for a wide range of Reynolds numbers.

631 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a model for pore pressure-dependent cleat permeability is presented for gas-desorbing, linear elastic coalbeds under uniaxial strain conditions experienced in producing reservoirs.

Abstract: A model for pore pressure-dependent cleat permeability is presented for gas-desorbing, linear elastic coalbeds under uniaxial strain conditions experienced in producing reservoirs. In the model, changes in the cleat permeability of coalbeds, which are idealised to have a bundled matchstick geometry, is controlled by the prevailing effective horizontal stresses normal to the cleats. Variations in the effective horizontal stresses under uniaxial strain conditions are expressed as a function of pore pressure reduction during drawdown, which includes a cleat compression term and a matrix shrinkage term that have competing effects on cleat permeability. A comprehensive analysis has revealed that the shape of the stress – pore pressure curve is predominantly determined by the magnitude of recovery pressure and rebound pressure relative to the initial reservoir pressure. A total of five possible scenarios have been identified with regard to response of the horizontal stress function to reservoir drawdown. When applied to four coalbed wells at two separate sites in the fairway of the San Juan basin, the model predictions at one site, where the three wells have shown increased absolute permeability during gas production, are in excellent agreement with the published pore pressure dependent permeability changes that were obtained independently from history matching the field production data. At a separate site the model correctly predicts, at least qualitatively, a strong permeability rebound at lower drawdown pressures that has been inferred through history matching the production data. An analysis of the effects of initial reservoir pressure on the response of effective horizontal stress to drawdown was carried out, with reference to the range of pressure likely to be encountered in the San Juan basin. The implications of this in terms of pore pressure dependent permeability are discussed.

581 citations