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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/14606925.2020.1845434

Designing for Positive Emotions: Issues and Emerging Research Directions

04 Mar 2021-Design Journal (Routledge)-Vol. 24, Iss: 2, pp 167-187
Abstract: Central to the present paper is the question of how designers can be supported to deliberately facilitate positive emotional experiences. Related to this, the paper provides an overview of the rese...

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Topics: User experience design (57%)
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7 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.COBEHA.2021.03.007
Abstract: Positive affect and emotion have become major topics in behavioral science, of growing importance in basic and applied research. A broad review of the literature reveals multiple, theoretically distinct constructs associated with the terms ‘positive affect’ and ‘positive emotion,’ sometimes conflated across this body of work. This article differentiates three primary constructs — subjectively pleasant affect; approach or appetitive motivation; and emotion states evoked by opportunities and rewards in the environment — and summarizes the major theoretical perspective with which each is intertwined. While these versions of positivity often coincide in lived emotional experience, we highlight examples of divergence, and discuss dynamic ways in which they influence each other. Distinct cognitive, physiological, and behavioral mechanisms by which each version of positivity may produce downstream effects are discussed, as is the importance of selecting and operationalizing the target construct with care in both basic affective science and translational research.

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Topics: Affective science (62%), Affect (psychology) (57%)

2 Citations


Open accessDOI: 10.11588/KB.1990.2.10276
08 May 2013-

2 Citations


Open accessProceedings ArticleDOI: 10.23919/ICAC50006.2021.9594218
Ziwen Zhu1, Shengfeng Qin1Institutions (1)
02 Sep 2021-
Abstract: Design for emotion aims to improve human well-being. Design for emotion is a multi-disciplinary or interdisciplinary research field, including art, design, computer science, psychology, education, engineering, and other fields. In the last ten years, there has been an increasing focus on design for emotion in various areas. However, there is no comprehensive literature review to set up a design for emotion research framework. To address this gap, this paper presents a descriptive review of 66 related papers on this topic and then proposes a research framework for emotional design.

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Book ChapterDOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-80829-7_113
Mafalda Casais1Institutions (1)
25 Jul 2021-
Abstract: Emotions are fundamental in people’s lives. Both positive and negative emotions are important because they create complex and rich experiences. Several strategies for designing with emotions have been explored from designing for meaning, to designing for pleasure or for rich experiences. While there has been a great focus on tangible products in emotional design, our increasingly digital lives make engaging users in these contexts essential. Rich emotional experiences are relevant for digital contexts because they help create more immersive and realistic experiences. Design that considers emotions is a design that becomes more relevant, and this relevance is fundamental for better human-product/human-computer relationships that result in longer-lasting designs with which people want to engage. In this paper, we define emotion and offer a panorama on the work that has been developed in the design field surrounding this concept.

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Open accessProceedings ArticleDOI: 10.15439/2021F120
02 Sep 2021-
Abstract: Emotions play a significant role in product design for end-users. However, how to take emotions into account is not yet completely understood. We argue that this gap is due to a lack of methodological and technological frameworks for effective investigation of the elicitation conditions related to emotions and corresponding emotional responses of the users. Emotion-driven design should encompass a thorough assessment of users’ emotional reactions in relation to certain elicitation conditions. By using Virtual Reality (VR) as mean to perform this investigation, we propose a novel methodological framework, referred to as the VR-Based Emotion-Elicitation-and-Recognition loop (VEE-loop), to close this gap.

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Topics: Product design (52%), Virtual reality (51%)

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53 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.803
Sonja Lyubomirsky1, Laura A. King2, Ed Diener3Institutions (3)
Abstract: Numerous studies show that happy individuals are successful across multiple life domains, including marriage, friendship, income, work performance, and health. The authors suggest a conceptual model to account for these findings, arguing that the happiness-success link exists not only because success makes people happy, but also because positive affect engenders success. Three classes of evidence--crosssectional, longitudinal, and experimental--are documented to test their model. Relevant studies are described and their effect sizes combined meta-analytically. The results reveal that happiness is associated with and precedes numerous successful outcomes, as well as behaviors paralleling success. Furthermore, the evidence suggests that positive affect--the hallmark of well-being--may be the cause of many of the desirable characteristics, resources, and successes correlated with happiness. Limitations, empirical issues, and important future research questions are discussed.

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Topics: Happiness (62%), Happiness at work (61%), Subjective well-being (59%) ... show more

5,104 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2004-
Abstract: By the author of The Design of Everyday Things , the first book to make the connection between our emotions and how we relate to ordinary objects--from juicers to Jaguars. Did you ever wonder why cheap wine tastes better in fancy glasses? Why sales of Macintosh computers soared when Apple introduced the colorful iMac? New research on emotion and cognition has shown that attractive things really do work better, a fact fans of Don Norman's classic The Design of Everyday Things cannot afford to ignore.In recent years, the design community has focused on making products easier to use. But as Norman amply demonstrates in this fascinating and important new book, design experts have vastly underestimated the role of emotion on our experience of everyday objects. Emotional Design analyzes the profound influence of this deceptively simple idea, from our willingness to spend thousands of dollars on Gucci bags and Rolex watches to the impact of emotion on the everyday objects of tomorrow. In the future, will inanimate objects respond to human emotions? Is it possible to create emotional robots?Norman addresses these provocative questions--drawing on a wealth of examples and the latest scientific insights--in this bold exploration of the objects in our everyday world.

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Topics: Wonder (51%)

3,365 Citations


Open accessBook
Martin E. P. Seligman1Institutions (1)
05 Apr 2011-
Abstract: I have spent my professional life avoiding unguarded promises like this one. I am a research scientist, and a conservative one at that. The appeal of what I write comes from the fact that it is grounded in careful science: statistical tests, validated questionnaires, thoroughly researched exercises, and large, representative samples. In contrast to pop psychology and the bulk of self-improvement, my writings are believable because of the underlying science.”

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Topics: Happiness (70%), Positive psychology (61%), Well-being (56%) ... show more

2,732 Citations


Open accessBook
17 May 2012-
Abstract: The Dynamics of Social Practice Introducing Theories of Practice Materials and Resources Sequence and Structure Making and Breaking Links Material, Competence and Meaning Car-Driving: Elements and Linkages Making Links Breaking Links Elements Between Practices Standardization and Diversity Individual and Collective Careers The Life of Elements Modes of Circulation Transportation and Access: Material Abstraction, Reversal and Migration: Competence Association and Classification: Meaning Packing and Unpacking Emergence, Disappearance and Persistence Recruitment, Defection and Reproduction First Encounters: Networks and Communities Capture and Commitment: Careers and Carriers Collapse and Transformation: The Dynamics of Defection Daily Paths, Life Paths and Dominant Projects Connections Between Practices Bundles and Complexes Collaboration and Competition Selection and Integration Coordinating Daily Life Circuits of Reproduction Monitoring Practices-as-Performances Monitoring Practices-as-Entities Cross-Referencing Practices-as-Performances Cross-Referencing Practices-as-Entities Aggregation Elements of Coordination Intersecting Circuits Representing the Dynamics of Social Practice Representing Elements and Practices Characterizing Circulation Competition, Transformation and Convergence Reproducing Elements, Practices and Relations between Them Time and Practice Space and Practice Dominant Projects and Power Promoting Transitions in Practice Climate Change and Behaviour Change Basis of Action Processes of Change Positioning Policy Transferable Lessons Practice Theory and Climate Change Policy Configuring Elements of Practice Configuring Relations between Practices Configuring Careers: Carriers and Practices Configuring Connections Practice Oriented Policy Making

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Topics: Social practice (59%), Practice theory (52%)

1,892 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1467-6494.2004.00294.X
Abstract: For centuries, folk theory has promoted the idea that positive emotions are good for your health. Accumulating empirical evidence is providing support for this anecdotal wisdom. We use the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 1998; 2001) as a framework to demonstrate that positive emotions contribute to psychological and physical well-being via more effective coping. We argue that the health benefits advanced by positive emotions may be instantiated in certain traits that are characterized by the experience of positive emotion. Towards this end, we examine individual differences in psychological resilience (the ability to bounce back from negative events by using positive emotions to cope) and positive emotional granularity (the tendency to represent experiences of positive emotion with precision and specificity). Individual differences in these traits are examined in two studies, one using psychophysiological evidence, the second using evidence from experience sampling, to demonstrate that positive emotions play a crucial role in enhancing coping resources in the face of negative events. Implications for research on coping and health are discussed.

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Topics: Broaden-and-build (69%), Coping (psychology) (55%), Psychological resilience (54%) ... show more

1,126 Citations


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20131
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