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Journal ArticleDOI

Discourse Control Strategies in Police-Suspect Interrogation in Nigeria

27 Jan 2015-International Journal of English Linguistics (Canadian Center of Science and Education)-Vol. 5, Iss: 1, pp 146

AbstractThis study examined the discourse control strategies in the use of English in police-suspect interrogation in Nigeria with a view to identifying the themes in the interrogation discourse and discussing the pragmatic functions of the dominant discourse control strategies employed by the police interrogators. The data gathered were transcribed and analysed, using Thomas' metapragmatic model. The result indicated that assault, affray, house breaking, obtaining by false pretence (419), abduction, and robbery were the common themes in the discourse. Analysis revealed further that the investigating police officers (IPOs) employed illocutionary force indicating devices for intimidation and coercion of suspects while they used discoursal indicators, meta-discoursal comments, and upshots and reformulations as discourse control strategies. The study concluded that police-suspect interrogation is largely slanted in favour of the police interrogators and that police interrogation is a peculiar discourse genre where there is interplay of power asymmetry and dominance.

Topics: Interrogation (54%)

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01 Jan 2009

6,700 citations


DissertationDOI
01 Jan 2019
Abstract: ion has been examined in interviewing settings, it has not been tested where potential interviewers could formulate their own guilt judgements and their own questions. The findings will provide some insight to how word abstraction relates to guilt-presumption under those conditions. Study 3: Chapter 5. This study expands on the findings of Study 2 by extending the investigation into the linguistics of the questions formulated by the interviewer. The design of the study mirrored that of Study 2; however, in this case there are interviewees who will be questioned by the interviewer. It is expected that interviewers who make an initial judgement of guilt will create more accusatory questions containing more negative abstract language. However, previous researchers have suggested that using more concrete words can influence who or what becomes the focus of the response (De Poot & Semin, 1995; Semin, Rubini, & Fiedler, 1995). It is predicted that interviewees will comply with this linguistic pattern, and ultimately focus on themselves, even if the question does not The Influence of Guilt Presumptive Language 33 focus on them. Understanding how language contained within a question can influence the response is pertinent to the investigative interview as an interviewee’s responses can be manipulated by the interviewer’s word choices. Although word choices are not a conscious decision when it comes to word abstraction (Semin, 2011), if an interviewer holds a presumption of guilt, the interviewee’s responses could be perceived as confirmation of that

7 citations


01 Aug 2019
Abstract: Controlled studies have demonstrated that guilt-presumptive questions usually accompany interviewer guilt bias and accusatory behaviours towards a suspect. When evaluating police-suspect interviews, however, conventional methods primarily focus on the appropriateness of questions, and guilt-presumption is not featured as a questioning strategy. Instead, guilt-presumptive utterances are aggregated with other types of inappropriate opinion statements. There is often more happening within an interview than is immediately identifiable by simply focusing on question types. Examining the interactivity and behaviours that lead to accusations can reveal subtleties that have a profound influence on the flow and outcome of the interview. To demonstrate this, we analysed six interviews from a single Dutch murder investigation for guilt-presumptive language (accusations and insinuations of guilt) and question appropriateness. We then analysed the police-suspect interactions within the interview that occurred prior to, and immediately after the guilt-presumptive language was used. The findings demonstrated that accusations prompted suspect denials, facilitated a drastic decline in suspect cooperation, and impeded the ability for interviewers to gain investigation relevant information (IRI). We argue that more applied research on guilt-presumptive language is needed in the investigative interviewing literature, particularly in the context of biased decision-making regarding questioning strategies.

4 citations


References
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01 Jan 1962
Abstract: * Lecture I * Lecture II * Lecture III * Lecture IV * Lecture V * Lecture VI * Lecture VII * Lecture VIII * Lecture IX * Lecture X * Lecture XI * Lecture XII

15,245 citations


01 Jan 2009

6,700 citations


"Discourse Control Strategies in Pol..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The four sentences above, in Austin’s classification, are performative utterances because they do not each give information or describe the state of affairs but they are in themselves a kind of action, Saeed (2003). In each case, we can insert the adverb hereby before the verb to stress its function....

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  • ...According to Austin (1962), constative utterances state facts, describe situations, events and state of affairs....

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  • ...Expanding the speech act theory further, Austin identified five types of speech acts. They are verdictive, exercitives, commissives, behavatives, and expositives. Searle (1969) criticizes Austin’s classification on the account of too much overlapping....

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Book
01 Jan 1989
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5,708 citations


"Discourse Control Strategies in Pol..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Fairclough (1989) believe that this constraint rests on three factors which are (i) contents (on what is said or done); (ii) relations (the social relations people enter into in discourse); (iii) subjects (the subject positions people can occupy)....

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  • ...Power behind discourse, according to Fairclough (1989) is the idea that the whole social order of discourse is put together and held together as a hidden effect of power....

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Book
18 Jun 1974
Abstract: The One-Dimensional View - The Two-Dimensional View - The Three-Dimensional View - The Underlying Concept of Power - Power and Interest - The Three Views Compared - Conclusion - Bibliography

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"Discourse Control Strategies in Pol..." refers background in this paper

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Book ChapterDOI
Abstract: Since the late 1980s, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) has become a well-established field in the social sciences. However, in contrast with some branches of linguistics, CDA is not a discrete academic discipline in the traditional sense, with a fixed set of research methods. The manifold roots of CDA lie in a myriad of disciplines including rhetoric, anthropology, philosophy and cognitive science, to name a few. This four-volume set brings together seminal articles on the subject from varied sources, creating an invaluable roadmap for scholars seeking to consolidate their knowledge of CDA, and of its continued development. Sculpted and edited by a leading voice in the field, this work covers the interdisciplinary roots, the most important approaches and methodologies of CDA, as well as applications in other disciplines in an updated and comprehensive way. Structured thematically, the four volumes cover a wide range of aspects and considerations: Volume One: Histories, Concepts and Interdisciplinarity Volume Two: Theoretical Approaches and Methodologies Volume Three: 'Doing CDA' - Case Studies Volume Four: Applications and Perspectives - New Trends in CDA

4,917 citations