Author

# Ian R. Petersen

Other affiliations: University of Cambridge, University of Manchester, University of New South Wales, University of Rochester, Australian Defence Force Academy, Australian Research Council, Information Technology University, University of Washington

Bio: Ian R. Petersen is an academic researcher from Australian National University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Robust control & Quantum. The author has an hindex of 67, co-authored 959 publication(s) receiving 22649 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Ian R. Petersen include University of Cambridge & University of Manchester.

##### Papers

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Abstract: The problem of robustly stabilizing a linear uncertain system is considered with emphasis on the interplay between the time-domain results on the quadratic stabilization of uncertain systems and the frequency-domain results on H/sup infinity / optimization. A complete solution to a certain quadratic stabilization problem in which uncertainty enters both the state and the input matrices of the system is given. Relations between these robust stabilization problems and H/sup infinity / control theory are explored. It is also shown that in a number of cases, if a robust stabilization problem can be solved via Lyapunov methods, then it can be also be solved via H/sup infinity / control theory-based methods. >

1,401 citations

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Abstract: This paper presents an algorithm for the stabilization of a class of uncertain linear systems. The uncertain systems under consideration are described by state equations which depend on time-varying unknown-but-bounded uncertain parameters. The construction of the stabilizing controller involves solving a certain algebraic Riccati equation. Furthermore, the solution to this Riccati equation defines a quadratic Lyapunov function which is used to establish the stability of the closed-loop system. This leads to a notion of ‘quadratic stabilizability’. It is shown that the stabilization procedure will succeed if and only if the given uncertain linear system is quadratically stabilizable. The paper also deals with a notion of ‘overbounding’ for uncertain linear systems. This procedure enables the stabilization algorithm to be applied to a larger class of uncertain linear systems. Also included in the paper are results which indicate the degree of conservativeness introduced by this overbounding process.

1,377 citations

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TL;DR: The fundamental idea behind the algorithm presented involves constructing an upper bound for the Lyapunov derivative corresponding to the closed loop system, a quadratic form, which can be found by solving a certain matrix Riccati equation.

Abstract: This paper presents a method for designing a feedback control law to stabilize a class of uncertain linear systems. The systems under consideration contain uncertain parameters whose values are known only to within a given compact bounding set. Furthermore, these uncertain parameters may be time-varying. The method used to establish asymptotic stability of the closed loop system (obtained when the feedback control is applied) involves the use of a quadratic Lyapunov function. The main contribution of this paper involves the development of a computationally feasible algorithm for the construction of a suitable quadratic Lyapunov function. Once the Lyapunov function has been obtained, it is used to construct the stabilizing feedback control law. The fundamental idea behind the algorithm presented involves constructing an upper bound for the Lyapunov derivative corresponding to the closed loop system. This upper bound is a quadratic form. By using this upper bounding procedure, a suitable Lyapunov function can be found by solving a certain matrix Riccati equation. Another major contribution of this paper is the identification of classes of systems for which the success of the algorithm is both necessary and sufficient for the existence of a suitable quadratic Lyapunov function.

791 citations

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TL;DR: The paper presents results on the design of robust state feedback controllers and steady-state robust state estimators for a class of uncertain linear systems with norm bounded uncertainty.

Abstract: The paper presents results on the design of robust state feedback controllers and steady-state robust state estimators for a class of uncertain linear systems with norm bounded uncertainty. The state feedback results extend the linear quadratic regulator to the case in which the underlying system is dependent on uncertain parameters. The state estimation results extend the steady-state Kalman filter to the case in which the underlying system is also uncertain. >

522 citations

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01 Jan 2000-

Abstract: 1. Introduction.- 1.1 The concept of an uncertain system.- 1.2 Overview of the book.- 2. Uncertain systems.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Uncertain systems with norm-bounded uncertainty.- 2.2.1 Special case: sector-bounded nonlinearities.- 2.3 Uncertain systems with integral quadratic constraints.- 2.3.1 Integral quadratic constraints.- 2.3.2 Integral quadratic constraints with weighting coefficients.- 2.3.3 Integral uncertainty constraints for nonlinear uncertain systems.- 2.3.4 Averaged integral uncertainty constraints.- 2.4 Stochastic uncertain systems.- 2.4.1 Stochastic uncertain systems with multiplicative noise.- 2.4.2 Stochastic uncertain systems with additive noise: Finitehorizon relative entropy constraints.- 2.4.3 Stochastic uncertain systems with additive noise: Infinite-horizon relative entropy constraints.- 3. H? control and related preliminary results.- 3.1 Riccati equations.- 3.2 H? control.- 3.2.1 The standard H? control problem.- 3.2.2 H? control with transients.- 3.2.3 H? control of time-varying systems.- 3.3 Risk-sensitive control.- 3.3.1 Exponential-of-integral cost analysis.- 3.3.2 Finite-horizon risk-sensitive control.- 3.3.3 Infinite-horizon risk-sensitive control.- 3.4 Quadratic stability.- 3.5 A connection between H? control and the absolute stabilizability of uncertain systems.- 3.5.1 Definitions.- 3.5.2 The equivalence between absolute stabilization and H? control.- 4. The S-procedure.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 An S-procedure result for a quadratic functional and one quadratic constraint.- 4.2.1 Proof of Theorem 4.2.1.- 4.3 An S-procedure result for a quadratic functional and k quadratic constraints.- 4.4 An S-procedure result for nonlinear functionals.- 4.5 An S-procedure result for averaged sequences.- 4.6 An S-procedure result for probability measures with constrained relative entropies.- 5. Guaranteed cost control of time-invariant uncertain systems.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Optimal guaranteed cost control for uncertain linear systems with norm-bounded uncertainty.- 5.2.1 Quadratic guaranteed cost control.- 5.2.2 Optimal controller design.- 5.2.3 Illustrative example.- 5.3 State-feedback minimax optimal control of uncertain systems with structured uncertainty.- 5.3.1 Definitions.- 5.3.2 Construction of a guaranteed cost controller.- 5.3.3 Illustrative example.- 5.4 Output-feedback minimax optimal control of uncertain systems with unstructured uncertainty.- 5.4.1 Definitions.- 5.4.2 A necessary and sufficient condition for guaranteed cost stabilizability.- 5.4.3 Optimizing the guaranteed cost bound.- 5.4.4 Illustrative example.- 5.5 Guaranteed cost control via a Lyapunov function of the Lur'e-Postnikov form.- 5.5.1 Problem formulation.- 5.5.2 Controller synthesis via a Lyapunov function of the Lur'e-Postnikov form.- 5.5.3 Illustrative Example.- 5.6 Conclusions.- 6. Finite-horizon guaranteed cost control.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 The uncertainty averaging approach to state-feedback minimax optimal control.- 6.2.1 Problem Statement.- 6.2.2 A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a state-feedback guaranteed cost controller.- 6.3 The uncertainty averaging approach to output-feedback optimal guaranteed cost control.- 6.3.1 Problem statement.- 6.3.2 A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a guaranteed cost controller.- 6.4 Robust control with a terminal state constraint.- 6.4.1 Problem Statement.- 6.4.2 A criterion for robust controllability with respect to a terminal state constraint.- 6.4.3 Illustrative example.- 6.5 Robust control with rejection of harmonic disturbances.- 6.5.1 Problem Statement.- 6.5.2 Design of a robust controller with harmonic disturbance rejection.- 6.6 Conclusions.- 7. Absolute stability, absolute stabilization and structured dissipativity.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Robust stabilization with a Lyapunov function of the Lur'e-Postnikov form.- 7.2.1 Problem statement.- 7.2.2 Design of a robustly stabilizing controller.- 7.3 Structured dissipativity and absolute stability for nonlinear uncertain systems.- 7.3.1 Preliminary remarks.- 7.3.2 Definitions.- 7.3.3 A connection between dissipativity and structured dissipativity.- 7.3.4 Absolute stability for nonlinear uncertain systems.- 7.4 Conclusions.- 8. Robust control of stochastic uncertain systems.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 H? control of stochastic systems with multiplicative noise.- 8.2.1 A stochastic differential game.- 8.2.2 Stochastic H? control with complete state measurements.- 8.2.3 Illustrative example.- 8.3 Absolute stabilization and minimax optimal control of stochastic uncertain systems with multiplicative noise.- 8.3.1 The stochastic guaranteed cost control problem.- 8.3.2 Stochastic absolute stabilization.- 8.3.3 State-feedback minimax optimal control.- 8.4 Output-feedback finite-horizon minimax optimal control of stochastic uncertain systems with additive noise.- 8.4.1 Definitions.- 8.4.2 Finite-horizon minimax optimal control with stochastic uncertainty constraints.- 8.4.3 Design of a finite-horizon minimax optimal controller.- 8.5 Output-feedback infinite-horizon minimax optimal control of stochastic uncertain systems with additive noise.- 8.5.1 Definitions.- 8.5.2 Absolute stability and absolute stabilizability.- 8.5.3 A connection between risk-sensitive optimal control and minimax optimal control.- 8.5.4 Design of the infinite-horizon minimax optimal controller.- 8.5.5 Connection to H? control.- 8.5.6 Illustrative example.- 8.6 Conclusions.- 9. Nonlinear versus linear control.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Nonlinear versus linear control in the absolute stabilizability of uncertain systems with structured uncertainty.- 9.2.1 Problem statement.- 9.2.2 Output-feedback nonlinear versus linear control.- 9.2.3 State-feedback nonlinear versus linear control.- 9.3 Decentralized robust state-feedback H? control for uncertain large-scale systems.- 9.3.1 Preliminary remarks.- 9.3.2 Uncertain large-scale systems.- 9.3.3 Decentralized controller design.- 9.4 Nonlinear versus linear control in the robust stabilizability of linear uncertain systems via a fixed-order output-feedback controller.- 9.4.1 Definitions.- 9.4.2 Design of a fixed-order output-feedback controller.- 9.5 Simultaneous H? control of a finite collection of linear plants with a single nonlinear digital controller.- 9.5.1 Problem statement.- 9.5.2 The design of a digital output-feedback controller.- 9.6 Conclusions.- 10. Missile autopilot design via minimax optimal control of stochastic uncertain systems.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Missile autopilot model.- 10.2.1 Uncertain system model.- 10.3 Robust controller design.- 10.3.1 State-feedback controller design.- 10.3.2 Output-feedback controller design.- 10.4 Conclusions.- 11. Robust control of acoustic noise in a duct via minimax optimal LQG control.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Experimental setup and modeling.- 11.2.1 Experimental setup.- 11.2.2 System identification and nominal modelling.- 11.2.3 Uncertainty modelling.- 11.3 Controller design.- 11.4 Experimental results.- 11.5 Conclusions.- A. Basic duality relationships for relative entropy.- B. Metrically transitive transformations.- References.

465 citations

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TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.

Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

30,199 citations

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01 Jan 1994-

Abstract: Preface 1. Introduction Overview A Brief History of LMIs in Control Theory Notes on the Style of the Book Origin of the Book 2. Some Standard Problems Involving LMIs. Linear Matrix Inequalities Some Standard Problems Ellipsoid Algorithm Interior-Point Methods Strict and Nonstrict LMIs Miscellaneous Results on Matrix Inequalities Some LMI Problems with Analytic Solutions 3. Some Matrix Problems. Minimizing Condition Number by Scaling Minimizing Condition Number of a Positive-Definite Matrix Minimizing Norm by Scaling Rescaling a Matrix Positive-Definite Matrix Completion Problems Quadratic Approximation of a Polytopic Norm Ellipsoidal Approximation 4. Linear Differential Inclusions. Differential Inclusions Some Specific LDIs Nonlinear System Analysis via LDIs 5. Analysis of LDIs: State Properties. Quadratic Stability Invariant Ellipsoids 6. Analysis of LDIs: Input/Output Properties. Input-to-State Properties State-to-Output Properties Input-to-Output Properties 7. State-Feedback Synthesis for LDIs. Static State-Feedback Controllers State Properties Input-to-State Properties State-to-Output Properties Input-to-Output Properties Observer-Based Controllers for Nonlinear Systems 8. Lure and Multiplier Methods. Analysis of Lure Systems Integral Quadratic Constraints Multipliers for Systems with Unknown Parameters 9. Systems with Multiplicative Noise. Analysis of Systems with Multiplicative Noise State-Feedback Synthesis 10. Miscellaneous Problems. Optimization over an Affine Family of Linear Systems Analysis of Systems with LTI Perturbations Positive Orthant Stabilizability Linear Systems with Delays Interpolation Problems The Inverse Problem of Optimal Control System Realization Problems Multi-Criterion LQG Nonconvex Multi-Criterion Quadratic Problems Notation List of Acronyms Bibliography Index.

10,744 citations

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17 Aug 1995-

Abstract: This paper will very briefly review the history of the relationship between modern optimal control and robust control. The latter is commonly viewed as having arisen in reaction to certain perceived inadequacies of the former. More recently, the distinction has effectively disappeared. Once-controversial notions of robust control have become thoroughly mainstream, and optimal control methods permeate robust control theory. This has been especially true in H-infinity theory, the primary focus of this paper.

6,941 citations

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Abstract: Convergence of Probability Measures. By P. Billingsley. Chichester, Sussex, Wiley, 1968. xii, 253 p. 9 1/4“. 117s.

5,689 citations

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Abstract: Simple state-space formulas are derived for all controllers solving the following standard H/sub infinity / problem: For a given number gamma >0, find all controllers such that the H/sub infinity / norm of the closed-loop transfer function is (strictly) less than gamma . It is known that a controller exists if and only if the unique stabilizing solutions to two algebraic Riccati equations are positive definite and the spectral radius of their product is less than gamma /sup 2/. Under these conditions, a parameterization of all controllers solving the problem is given as a linear fractional transformation (LFT) on a contractive, stable, free parameter. The state dimension of the coefficient matrix for the LFT, constructed using the two Riccati solutions, equals that of the plant and has a separation structure reminiscent of classical LQG (i.e. H/sub 2/) theory. This paper is intended to be of tutorial value, so a standard H/sub 2/ solution is developed in parallel. >

5,130 citations