Other affiliations: University of Navarra
Bio: Mario Ceresa is an academic researcher from Pompeu Fabra University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Cochlear implant & Population. The author has an hindex of 13, co-authored 55 publication(s) receiving 502 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Mario Ceresa include University of Navarra.
01 May 2018-Medical Image Analysis
TL;DR: A new fully automatic approach based on Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNN) for robust and reproducibleThrombus region of interest detection and subsequent fine thrombus segmentation and a new segmentation network architecture, based on Fully convolutional Networks and a Holistically‐Nested Edge Detection Network, is presented.
Abstract: Computerized Tomography Angiography (CTA) based follow-up of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) treated with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) is essential to evaluate the progress of the patient and detect complications. In this context, accurate quantification of post-operative thrombus volume is required. However, a proper evaluation is hindered by the lack of automatic, robust and reproducible thrombus segmentation algorithms. We propose a new fully automatic approach based on Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNN) for robust and reproducible thrombus region of interest detection and subsequent fine thrombus segmentation. The DetecNet detection network is adapted to perform region of interest extraction from a complete CTA and a new segmentation network architecture, based on Fully Convolutional Networks and a Holistically-Nested Edge Detection Network, is presented. These networks are trained, validated and tested in 13 post-operative CTA volumes of different patients using a 4-fold cross-validation approach to provide more robustness to the results. Our pipeline achieves a Dice score of more than 82% for post-operative thrombus segmentation and provides a mean relative volume difference between ground truth and automatic segmentation that lays within the experienced human observer variance without the need of human intervention in most common cases.
TL;DR: Micro-CT-derived descriptors are more sensitive than the other methods compared, to detect in vivo early signs of the disease.
Abstract: To define the sensitivity of microcomputed tomography- (micro-CT-) derived descriptors for the quantification of lung damage caused by elastase instillation. Materials and Methods. The lungs of 30 elastase treated and 30 control A/J mice were analyzed 1, 6, 12, and 24 hours and 7 and 17 days after elastase instillation using (i) breath-hold-gated micro-CT, (ii) pulmonary function tests (PFTs), (iii) RT-PCR for RNA cytokine expression, and (iv) histomorphometry. For the latter, an automatic, parallel software toolset was implemented that computes the airspace enlargement descriptors: mean linear intercept (Lm) and weighted means of airspace diameters (D0, D1, and D2). A Support Vector Classifier was trained and tested based on three nonhistological descriptors using D2 as ground truth. Results. D2 detected statistically significant differences (P < 0.01) between the groups at all time points. Furthermore, D2 at 1 hour (24 hours) was significantly lower (P < 0.01) than D2 at 24 hours (7 days). The classifier trained on the micro-CT-derived descriptors achieves an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.95 well above the others (PFTS AUC = 0.71; cytokine AUC = 0.88). Conclusion. Micro-CT-derived descriptors are more sensitive than the other methods compared, to detect in vivo early signs of the disease.
01 May 2011-European Radiology
TL;DR: Histomorphometry is the most sensitive technique since it detects airspace enlargement before the other methods (1 h after treatment) and micro-CT correlates well with histology (r2 = 0.63) proving appropriate for longitudinal studies.
Abstract: Objectives To define the potential, limitations and synergies of micro-CT and other non-radiological techniques for the quantification of emphysema and related processes in mice, by performing a complete characterization of the elastase-induced emphysema model.
TL;DR: A fast and robust murine airway segmentation and reconstruction algorithm based on a propagating fast marching wavefront that divides the tree into segments that is helpful to understand the physiology of diseased lungs.
Abstract: Animal models of lung disease are gaining importance in understanding the underlying mechanisms of diseases such as emphysema and lung cancer. Micro-CT allows in vivo imaging of these models, thus permitting the study of the progression of the disease or the effect of therapeutic drugs in longitudinal studies. Automated analysis of micro-CT images can be helpful to understand the physiology of diseased lungs, especially when combined with measurements of respiratory system input impedance. In this work, we present a fast and robust murine airway segmentation and reconstruction algorithm. The algorithm is based on a propagating fast marching wavefront that, as it grows, divides the tree into segments. We devised a number of specific rules to guarantee that the front propagates only inside the airways and to avoid leaking into the parenchyma. The algorithm was tested on normal mice, a mouse model of chronic inflammation and a mouse model of emphysema. A comparison with manual segmentations of two independent observers shows that the specificity and sensitivity values of our method are comparable to the inter-observer variability, and radius measurements of the mainstem bronchi reveal significant differences between healthy and diseased mice. Combining measurements of the automatically segmented airways with the parameters of the constant phase model provides extra information on how disease affects lung function.
01 Jan 2019-Medical Image Analysis
TL;DR: This review covers state‐of‐the‐art segmentation and classification methodologies for the whole fetus and, more specifically, the fetal brain, lungs, liver, heart and placenta in magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) ultrasound for the first time.
Abstract: Fetal imaging is a burgeoning topic. New advancements in both magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) ultrasound currently allow doctors to diagnose fetal structural abnormalities such as those involved in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, gestational diabetes mellitus, pulmonary sequestration and hypoplasia, congenital heart disease, diaphragmatic hernia, ventriculomegaly, etc. Considering the continued breakthroughs in utero image analysis and (3D) reconstruction models, it is now possible to gain more insight into the ongoing development of the fetus. Best prenatal diagnosis performances rely on the conscious preparation of the clinicians in terms of fetal anatomy knowledge. Therefore, fetal imaging will likely span and increase its prevalence in the forthcoming years. This review covers state-of-the-art segmentation and classification methodologies for the whole fetus and, more specifically, the fetal brain, lungs, liver, heart and placenta in magnetic resonance imaging and (3D) ultrasound for the first time. Potential applications of the aforementioned methods into clinical settings are also inspected. Finally, improvements in existing approaches as well as most promising avenues to new areas of research are briefly outlined.
01 Jan 2000
01 Dec 1999-Medical Image Analysis
TL;DR: Medical imaging systems: Physical principles and image reconstruction algorithms for magnetic resonance tomography, ultrasound and computer tomography (CT), and applications: Image enhancement, image registration, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
Abstract: Medical Image Analysis provides a forum for the dissemination of new research results in the field of medical and biological image analysis, with special emphasis on efforts related to the applications of computer vision, virtual reality and robotics to biomedical imaging problems. A bi-monthly journal, it publishes the highest quality, original papers that contribute to the basic science of processing, analysing and utilizing medical and biological images for these purposes.
01 Jan 2010
University of Copenhagen1, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre2, University of Iowa3, Utrecht University4, University College London5, Telecom SudParis6, University of Antwerp7, Technische Universität München8, University of Łódź9, Graz University of Technology10, University of Seville11, Philips12, Cornell University13, Leipzig University14, University of Mainz15, Nagoya University16, Siemens17, New York University18, Erasmus University Rotterdam19, Copenhagen University Hospital20
TL;DR: A fusion scheme that obtained superior results is presented, demonstrating that there is complementary information provided by the different algorithms and there is still room for further improvements in airway segmentation algorithms.
Abstract: This paper describes a framework for establishing a reference airway tree segmentation, which was used to quantitatively evaluate 15 different airway tree extraction algorithms in a standardized manner. Because of the sheer difficulty involved in manually constructing a complete reference standard from scratch, we propose to construct the reference using results from all algorithms that are to be evaluated. We start by subdividing each segmented airway tree into its individual branch segments. Each branch segment is then visually scored by trained observers to determine whether or not it is a correctly segmented part of the airway tree. Finally, the reference airway trees are constructed by taking the union of all correctly extracted branch segments. Fifteen airway tree extraction algorithms from different research groups are evaluated on a diverse set of 20 chest computed tomography (CT) scans of subjects ranging from healthy volunteers to patients with severe pathologies, scanned at different sites, with different CT scanner brands, models, and scanning protocols. Three performance measures covering different aspects of segmentation quality were computed for all participating algorithms. Results from the evaluation showed that no single algorithm could extract more than an average of 74% of the total length of all branches in the reference standard, indicating substantial differences between the algorithms. A fusion scheme that obtained superior results is presented, demonstrating that there is complementary information provided by the different algorithms and there is still room for further improvements in airway segmentation algorithms.
TL;DR: A review article summarises the research and technological roadmap developed by the Avicenna Support Action during an 18-month consensus process that involved 577 international experts from academia, the biomedical industry, the simulation industry, and the regulatory world as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The term ‘in silico clinical trials indicates the use of individualised computer simulation in the development or regulatory evaluation of a medicinal product, medical device, or medical intervention. This review article summarises the research and technological roadmap developed by the Avicenna Support Action during an 18 month consensus process that involved 577 international experts from academia, the biomedical industry, the simulation industry, the regulatory world, etc. The roadmap documents early examples of in silico clinical trials, identifies relevant use cases for in silico clinical trial technologies over the entire development and assessment cycle for both pharmaceuticals and medical devices, identifies open challenges and barriers to a wider adoption and puts forward 36 recommendations for all relevant stakeholders to consider .