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JournalISSN: 0003-7028

Applied Spectroscopy 

About: Applied Spectroscopy is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Raman spectroscopy & Infrared spectroscopy. It has an ISSN identifier of 0003-7028. Over the lifetime, 11124 publication(s) have been published receiving 245685 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Particle size, scatter, and multi-collinearity are long-standing problems encountered in diffuse reflectance spectrometry. Multiplicative combinations of these effects are the major factor inhibiting the interpretation of near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectra. Sample particle size accounts for the majority of the variance, while variance due to chemical composition is small. Procedures are presented whereby physical and chemical variance can be separated. Mathematical transformations—standard normal variate (SNV) and de-trending (DT)—applicable to individual NIR diffuse reflectance spectra are presented. The standard normal variate approach effectively removes the multiplicative interferences of scatter and particle size. De-trending accounts for the variation in baseline shift and curvilinearity, generally found in the reflectance spectra of powdered or densely packed samples, with the use of a second-degree polynomial regression. NIR diffuse NIR diffuse reflectance spectra transposed by these methods are free from multi-collinearity and are not confused by the complexity of shape encountered with the use of derivative spectroscopy.

2,707 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Isao Noda1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A two-dimensional (2D) correlation method generally applicable to various types of spectroscopy, including IR and Raman spectroscopy, is introduced In the proposed 2D correlation scheme, an external perturbation is applied to a system while being monitored by an electromagnetic probe With the application of a correlation analysis to spectral intensity fluctuations induced by the perturbation, new types of spectra defined by two independent spectral variable axes are obtained Such two-dimensional correlation spectra emphasize spectral features not readily observable in conventional one-dimensional spectra While a similar 2D correlation formalism has already been developed in the past for analysis of simple sinusoidally varying IR signals, the newly proposed formalism is designed to handle signals fluctuating as an arbitrary function of time, or any other physical variable This development makes the 2D correlation approach a universal spectroscopic tool, generally applicable to a very wide range of applications The basic property of 2D correlation spectra obtained by the new method is described first, and several spectral data sets are analyzed by the proposed scheme to demonstrate the utility of generalized 2D correlation spectra Potential applications of this 2D correlation approach are then explored

1,470 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the quantitative analysis of multicomponent mixtures by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Near-infrared reflectance (NIRR) measurements are related to chemical composition but in a nonlinear way, and light scatter distorts the data. Various response linearizations of reflectance (R) are compared (R with Saunderson correction for internal reflectance, log 1/R, and Kubelka-Munk transformations and its inverse). A multi-wavelength concept for optical correction (Multiplicative Scatter Correction, MSC) is proposed for separating the chemical light absorption from the physical light scatter. Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression is used as the multivariate linear calibration method for predicting fat in meat from linearized and scatter-corrected NIRR data over a broad concentration range. All the response linearization methods improved fat prediction when used with the MSC; corrected log 1/R and inverse Kubelka-Munk transformations yielded the best results. The MSC provided simpler calibration models with good correspondence to the expected physical model of meat. The scatter coefficients obtained from the MSC correlated with fat content, indicating that fat affects the NIRR of meat with an additive absorption component and a multiplicative scatter component.

1,215 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The general theory of Fourier self-deconvolution, i.e., spectral deconvolution using Fourier transforms and the intrinsic line-shape, is developed. The method provides a way of computationally resolving overlapped lines that can not be instrumentally resolved due to their intrinsic linewidth. Examples of the application of the technique to synthetic and experimental infrared spectra are presented, and potential applications are discussed. It is shown that lines in spectra having moderate signal/noise ratios (∼1000) can readily be reduced in width by a factor of 3. The method is applicable to a variety of spectroscopic techniques.

1,181 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new graphically oriented local modeling procedure called interval partial least-squares (i PLS) is presented for use on spectral data. The i PLS method is compared to full-spectrum partial least-squares and the variable selection methods principal variables (PV), forward stepwise selection (FSS), and recursively weighted regression (RWR). The methods are tested on a near-infrared (NIR) spectral data set recorded on 60 beer samples correlated to original extract concentration. The error of the full-spectrum correlation model between NIR and original extract concentration was reduced by a factor of 4 with the use of i PLS (r=0.998, and root mean square error of prediction equal to 0.17% plato), and the graphic output contributed to the interpretation of the chemical system under observation. The other methods tested gave a comparable reduction in the prediction error but suffered from the interpretation advantage of the graphic interface. The intervals chosen by i PLS cover both the variables found by FSS and all possible combinations as well as the variables found by PV and RWR, and i PLS is still able to utilize the first-order advantage. Index Headings: Interval PLS; Variable selection; NIR, Principal variables; Forward stepwise selection; Recursively weighted regression; Beer; Extract.

1,043 citations

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