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Showing papers in "Holocaust Studies in 2018"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors assesses the response of the liberal weekly journal, the Nation, to the Holocaust and explores how and why the magazine, unlike almost all other American newspapers, did not underplay the crisis but reported the tragedy sympathetically and criticized their own government's inaction.
Abstract: This article assesses the response of the liberal weekly journal, the Nation, to the Holocaust. It explores how and why the magazine, unlike almost all other American newspapers, did not underplay the crisis, but reported the tragedy sympathetically and criticized their own government's inaction. The existing historiography has been divided, often passionately so, on whether the US should be viewed as a ‘bystander’ to events. This study replaces policy-makers as the central focus and assesses the extent, and limits, of the American engagement with the existential challenge to European Jewry, as seen through the eyes of the Nation.

19 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Using the Holocaust as a transnational trope, and drawing on the theoretical debates on the representation on trauma within Film Studies, the authors examined the ethical and political significa of the Holocaust in film.
Abstract: Using the Holocaust as a transnational trope, and drawing on the theoretical debates on the representation on trauma within Film Studies, this essay will examine the ethical and political significa...

17 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines Philippe Claudel's 2007 novel Brodeck (French title: Le Rapport de Brodeck) that allegorizes the Holocaust by parodying tropes and narrative structures characteristic to fairy stories.
Abstract: This article examines Philippe Claudel’s 2007 novel Brodeck (French title: Le Rapport de Brodeck) that allegorizes the Holocaust by parodying tropes and narrative structures characteristic to fairy...

16 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors explored the post-war lives of Kindertransport refugees in particular, examining the spatial dimension of discovery: how the Kinder learnt of their parents' origins. But their focus was on the spatial dimensions of discovery.
Abstract: This article utilizes a thick description to explore the post-war lives of Kindertransport refugees In particular, it examines the spatial dimension of discovery: how the Kinder learnt of their pa

16 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, sound history is used as an approach to the history of persecution, and sound has a special physical and e cient relationship with social relations and social change, and there are close relations between sounds and social relations.
Abstract: This article proposes sound history as an approach to the history of persecution. There are close relations between sounds, social relations, and social change, and sound has special physical and e...

15 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors adopts onto-epistemological framework for investigating pedagogical practices, focusing on the specific context of Holocaust education excursions to Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (AB...
Abstract: This article adopts onto-epistemological framework for investigating pedagogical practices, focusing on the specific context of Holocaust education excursions to Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (AB...

15 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Steven Cooke1
TL;DR: The 1961 Warsaw Ghetto exhibition as discussed by the authors examines the intentions of the exhibition's organisers, and its reception by visitors, showing how representations of the Holocaust were shaped by local concerns, the availability of information from emerging global networks of memorial institutions, and the evolving category of "survivor".
Abstract: This paper examines the 1961 Warsaw Ghetto exhibition in Melbourne, Australia. Within the context of Eichmann’s trial in Israel and fears of rising anti-Semitism in Australia, the exhibition is a site through which debates over Jewish identity, Holocaust memory, and the hitherto marginalised role of temporary exhibitions can be understood. Using archival traces, the paper examines the intentions of the exhibition’s organisers, and its reception by visitors. It shows how representations of the Holocaust were shaped by local concerns, the availability of information from emerging global networks of memorial institutions, and the evolving category of ‘survivor’. It adds to a nuanced reading of Holocaust memorial forms, unsettling established narratives of Holocaust memory in Australia.

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze how Polish teachers confront a traumatic hidden wartime history of the Holocaust and find that teachers were motivated to learn about the Holocaust out of moral, historical, and professional obligations.
Abstract: Here, the author analyzes how Polish teachers confront a traumatic hidden wartime history of the Holocaust. In this exploratory study, the author analyzes interviews, field notes, and survey responses by 60 teachers who participated in a Holocaust preparation program in Poland during the summer of 2010. The article presents and discusses data using the theoretical perspectives of Halbwachs and Felman to make sense of what the teachers presented. The teachers were motivated to learn about the Holocaust out of moral, historical, and professional obligations. They had personal stories to tell about why they sought out professional development and struggled with defining who is a Jew, i.e. Polonizing Jews or making them seem ‘normal’ to students. Findings from this research have the potential to inform professional development in other communities that have suffered traumatic national histories.

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the emerging memorial spaces on the fault lines of the post-Soviet and Western memorial cultures are addressed, taking as a case study the Memorial Complex in Trastsianets, located on the border between the former and the latter.
Abstract: The article addresses the emerging memorial spaces on the fault lines of the post-Soviet and Western memorial cultures. Taking as a case study the Memorial Complex in Trastsianets, located on the f...

13 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that there has been a tendency for such films to present masculinity as the dominant power-simulacra, and use Schweickart's (1986) androcentric reading strategy and Mulvey's (1992) scopophilic male gaze.
Abstract: This piece unpacks how Holocaust-related films - ranging from Nazisploitation cinema (Love Camp 7, 1968, Ilsa: She Wolf of the SS, 1975) through to ‘art house’ (The Night Porter, 1974) and mainstream representations (Schindler’s List, 1994) - eroticize Nazi atrocities and violence against women. Following on from Caldwell’s analysis of gender “realness” we argue that there has been a tendency for such films to present masculinity as the dominant power-simulacra. Using Schweickart’s (1986) androcentric reading strategy and Mulvey’s (1992) scopophilic male gaze, we ask whether gender hierarchies and inequalities are reproduced in these cinematic representations.

11 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The White Hotel as mentioned in this paper negotiates an uneasy point of intersection between our theories of psychic injury and our assessments of atrocity by attempting to depict two positions that appear to appear to...
Abstract: D. M. Thomas’ The White Hotel negotiates an uneasy point of intersection between our theories of psychic injury and our assessments of atrocity by attempting to depict two positions that appear to ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a feminist thematic reading of three diaries written by young women and girls during World War II is presented, and the diaries were written by Anna Frank, Helene Berr, and Ruth Maier.
Abstract: This article presents a feminist thematic reading of three diaries written by young women and girls during World War II. The diaries were written by Anna Frank, Helene Berr, and Ruth Maier, and hav...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the Examining the Holocaust gallery in the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, a national museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, has been discussed, and an overview of the iterative process is provided.
Abstract: This article discusses the Examining the Holocaust gallery in the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, a national museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It provides an overview of the iterative process...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The arrival of about 1000 Polish Jews in Shanghai in 1941 has remained one of the footnotes of the Holocaust, even though most survived the War, unexpectedly trapped in the city as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The arrival of about 1000 Polish Jews in Shanghai in 1941 has remained one of the footnotes of the Holocaust, even though most survived the War, unexpectedly trapped in the city. This article argue...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines Funkenstein's critically ignored humanist response to Holocaust theology and presents the first detailed critical assessment of Funkensteins characterization of the d... and concludes that "Funkenstein's critique of the humanist reaction to the holocaust is not justified".
Abstract: This article examines Funkenstein’s critically ignored humanist response to Holocaust theology. The author presents the first detailed critical assessment of Funkenstein’s characterization of the d...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The preposterous figure of the Nazi disguised as a Jew destabilises boundaries between perpetrator and victim, a blurring of identity that is particularly provocative in relation to the Eichmann trial and the Israeli kapo trials of the 1950s and early 1960s.
Abstract: The preposterous figure of the Nazi disguised as a Jew destabilises boundaries between perpetrator and victim, a blurring of identity that is particularly provocative in relation to the Eichmann trial and the Israeli kapo trials of the 1950s and early 1960s. Robert Shaw’s The Man in the Glass Booth (1967) responds to the Eichmann trial and Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the perpetrator, ultimately reinforcing the image of the monstrous Nazi. Emanuel Litvinoff’s Falls the Shadow (1983), takes the figure as a starting point for a complex exploration of Jewish collaboration and culpability, in relation to the Israeli kapo trials of the 1950s and Israel’s relationship to justice following the Sabra and Shatila massacres.

Journal ArticleDOI
Or Rogovin1
TL;DR: The term amidah or Jewish resistance during the Holocaust has been controversial since its inception as mentioned in this paper, and it has been defined as "armed or at least active and collective operations, or should i...
Abstract: The term amidah or Jewish resistance during the Holocaust has been controversial since its inception. Should it be limited to armed or at least active and collective operations, or should i...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors explored the stories and lies told to children during the Holocaust, and how these operate as forms of preparation and protection within and outside the narrative, and found that parents seek to protect children from the knowledge of war, but this prevents anxiety-preparation.
Abstract: This essay explores the stories and lies told to children during the Holocaust, and how these operate as forms of preparation and protection within and outside the narrative. In Roberto Benigni’s Life is Beautiful (1997) and Mark Herman’s The Boy in the Striped Pajamas (2008) parents seek to protect children from the knowledge of war, but this prevents anxiety-preparation. In contrast, the historical document Fairy Tales from Auschwitz does not deny the horrific reality of life in the camp, but uses the fairy tale genre as a reassurance of morality and survival.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A number of filmmakers cinematize the Holocaust from the standpoint of children, making them the main characters and depicting the genocide through their eyes as mentioned in this paper, and most of such films are framed, at lea...
Abstract: A number of filmmakers cinematize the Holocaust from the standpoint of children, making them the main characters and depicting the genocide through their eyes. Most of such films are framed, at lea...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Jakubowska as discussed by the authors investigated how the film symptomatically traces the persistence of trauma through repetition and reenactment, using many survivors as participants, in making her work only two years after liberation and on the very site of Auschwitz.
Abstract: Returning to Auschwitz in 1946, Wanda Jakubowska–a Polish filmmaker arrested and sent there in 1943–was shocked to find it covered with ‘monstrous daisies.’ At the time she was already working on a fictional film about the camp that was based on eyewitness accounts. To lend further evidential authenticity to the film, Jakubowska shot it in 1947 on location, using many survivors as participants. In making her work only two years after liberation and on the very site of Auschwitz, this essay investigates how the film symptomatically traces the persistence of trauma through repetition and reenactment.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article explored the Jewish ghost motif in Shalom Auslander's novel, Hope (2012), focusing on the Holocaust and its ongoing reverberations within Jewish consciousness, and the ghost that incites the narrative is Anne Frank, reimagined by Auslander as an aged revenant.
Abstract: This article explores the Jewish ghost motif in Shalom Auslander’s novel, Hope (2012). In particular, it focuses on the Holocaust and its ongoing reverberations within Jewish consciousness The ghost that incites the narrative is Anne Frank, reimagined by Auslander as an aged revenant who is discovered in the attic of an upstate New York home. Drawing from the work of Stephen Frosh, Susan Shapiro, and Avery Gordon, my analysis looks at matters of refracted cultural memory, vicarious victimhood, intergenerational haunting, intertextuality, and the uncanny Jewish body.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examine the special circumstances that led Nazi Germany to treat the Jews in Denmark differently than in other occupied countries and, in so doing, facilitate their rescue in O...
Abstract: The article examines the special circumstances that led Nazi Germany to treat the Jews in Denmark differently than in other occupied countries and, in so doing, facilitate their rescue in O...

Journal ArticleDOI
Jennifer Rich1
TL;DR: The Holocaust was the defining event in the lives of its survivors as mentioned in this paper, however, the outcomes of the Holocaust and its effects have not been restricted only to those who experienced it.
Abstract: The Holocaust was the defining event in the lives of its survivors. As has become apparent, however, the outcomes of the Holocaust, and its effects, have not been restricted only to those who exper...


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: There is a gap between theorizing and making truth-claims unsupported by a thorough evidence base as mentioned in this paper, and there is a need to be able to distinguish between theories and evidence.
Abstract: there is a gap between theorizing and making truth-claims unsupported by a thorough evidence base. What Winnicott actually says, in his cited article, is “the mother hates her infant from the word go” and follows this with a list of reasons why this might be the case, from “the baby is a danger to her body in pregnancy and birth,” to “he is ruthless, treats her as scum... .” But these are contentions; he hasn’t “established” anything other than a possible theory of behavior. Likewise, Freud’s ethos/thantos theory is followed by Charny’s interjection that “Freud was correct” (155). It is in such cases that Charny may have used language a little more tentatively, acknowledging the provisional nature of such universal theorizing. Occasionally there is some slippage in language too that could be tighter. When he talks of “the murderous deeds of the hate-filled Nazis” (153), for instance, this seems rather reductive. Were all Nazis “hate-filled”? Are there other conceptions of what motivated Nazis, such as avarice? Other areas drift into strange cliché. He describes how “without guiding ideas and purposes, we find ourselves drifting through life with no real meaning, like a boat without a motor on a stormy sea” (38). Whether one drifts in a storm is maybe a technicality, and shouldn’t detract from the main arguments he makes.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Howard Jacobson is a great comic novelist who fuses comedy and tragedy in his novels because he firmly believes that the more tragic the themes the more obliged he is to exploit the comedy in them.
Abstract: Jewish people have used humor as a talisman to survive in a world hedged with the threat of every horror and every ignominy. Howard Jacobson is a great comic novelist who fuses comedy and tragedy in his novels because he firmly believes that the more tragic the themes the more obliged he is to exploit the comedy in them. In fact, in Kalooki Nights Jacobson shows not only that it is possible to laugh about the Holocaust without minimizing the horrifying reality being explored, but that comedy is a mode of survival that offers us a renewed sense of life in the midst of so much pain.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In 1985, a survivor of Joseph Mengele's "medical experiments" in Auschwitz-Birkenau testified at Yad Vashem about her experiences as discussed by the authors, and she said: "Mengele gave the order to bandage my breasts […] he...
Abstract: In 1985, a survivor of Joseph Mengele’s ‘medical experiments’ in Auschwitz-Birkenau testified at Yad Vashem about her experiences. She said: […] Mengele gave the order to bandage my breasts […] he ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive examination of the numerous manifestations of abjection in Bernhard Schlink's The Reader is presented, including recurring motifs of illness and bodily incontinence.
Abstract: A comprehensive examination of the numerous manifestations of abjection in Bernhard Schlink's The Reader. This paper argues that the recurring motifs of illness and bodily incontinence, in addition...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Aarons as mentioned in this paper contributes to a growing body of research on the so-called third generation, usefully complementing recent studies by, for example, Esther Jilovsky, Daniel S...
Abstract: This edited volume by Victoria Aarons contributes to a growing body of research on the so-called ‘third generation,’ usefully complementing recent studies by, for example, Esther Jilovsky, Daniel S...