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Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook

TL;DR: Feeding Techniques and Modeling, Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems, and Theory and Design of Active Integrated Micro Strip Antenna Amplifiers.
Abstract: Microstrip Radiators: Various Microstrip Antenna Configurations. Feeding Techniques and Modeling. Applications. Radiation Field. Surface Waves and Photonic Band-Gap Structures. Analytical Models for Microstrip Antennas: Transmission Line Model. Cavity Model. Generalized Cavity Model. Multi-port Network Model (MNM). Radiation Fields. Aperture Admittance. Mutual Admittance. Model for Coaxial Probe in Microstrip Antennas. Comparison of Analytical Models. Full-Wave Analysis of Microstrip Antennas: Spectral Domain Full-Wave Analysis. Mixed-Potential Integral Equation Analysis. Finite-Difference Time Domain Analysis.Rectangular Microstrip Antenna: Models for Rectangular Patch Antenna. Design Considerations for Rectangular Patch Antennas. Tolerance Analysis of Rectangular Microstrip Antennas. Mechanical Tuning of Patch Antennas. Quarter-wave Rectangular Patch Antenna. Circular Disk and Ring Antennas: Analysis of a Circular Disk Microstrip Antenna. Design Considerations for Circular Disk Antennas. Semicircular Disk and Circular Sector Microstrip Antennas. Comparison Of Rectangular And Circular Disk Microstrip Antennas. Circular Ring or Annular Ring Microstrip Antenna. Circular Sector Microstrip Ring Antenna. Microstrip Ring Antennas of Non-Circular Shapes. Dipoles and Triangular Patch Antennas: Microstrip Dipole and Center-Fed Dipoles. Triangular Microstrip Patch Antenna. Design of an Equilateral Triangular Patch Antenna. Microstrip Slot Antennas: Microstrip-Fed Rectangular Slot Antennas. CPW-Fed Slot Antennas. Annular Slot Antennas. Tapered Slot Antennas (TSA). Comparison of Slot Antennas with Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas and Techniques: Various Types of Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Singly-Fed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Orthagonal Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Traveling-Wave Microstrip-Line Arrays. Bandwidth Enhancement Techniques. Sequentially Rotated Arrays. Broad-Banding of Microstrip Antennas: Effect of Substrate Parameters on Bandwidth. Selection of Suitable Patch Shape. Selection of Suitable Feeding Technique. Multi-Moding Techniques. Other Broadbanding Techniques. Multifrequency Operation. Loaded Microstrip Antennas and Applications: Polarization Diversity Using Microstrip Antennas. Frequency Agile Microstrip Antennas. Radiation Pattern Control of Microstrip Antennas. Loading Effect of a Short. Compact Patch Antennas. Planar Inverted F Antenna. Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Frequency Compact Microstrip Antennas. Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas: Classification of Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Oscillators. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Amplifiers. Frequency Conversion Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Theory and Design. Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems. Mutual Coupling. Design of Linear Arrays. Design of Planar Arrays. Monolithic Integrated Phased Arrays.
Citations
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24 Nov 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the FDTD method for periodic structure analysis is used for periodic structures analysis of EBG surfaces and low profile wire antennas are used for EBG surface wave antennas.
Abstract: Preface 1. Introduction 2. FDTD Method for periodic structure analysis 3. EBG Characterizations and classifications 4. Design and optimizations of EBG structures 5. Patch antennas with EBG structures 6. Low profile wire antennas on EBG surfaces 7. Surface wave antennas Appendix: EBG literature review.

634 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a new technique for designing dual-band reconfigurable slot antennas is presented, which is achieved by loading a slot antenna with two lumped variable capacitors (varactors) placed in proper locations along the slot.
Abstract: A new technique for designing dual-band reconfigurable slot antennas is presented. Dual-frequency operation is achieved by loading a slot antenna with two lumped variable capacitors (varactors) placed in proper locations along the slot. Loading the slot antenna with lumped capacitors shifts down the resonant frequencies of the first and second resonances of the antenna. However, these frequency shifts depend not only on the values of the capacitors, but also on their locations along the slot antenna. Here, it is shown that by choosing the locations of the varactors appropriately, it is possible to obtain a dual-band antenna whose first and second resonant frequencies can be controlled individually. In other words, the frequency of either the first or the second band can be fixed, while the other one is electronically tuned. Using such a design, an electronically tunable dual-band antenna is designed and fabricated using two identical varactors having a capacitance range of 0.5-2.25 pF. The antenna is shown to have a frequency ratio (f/sub R/=f/sub 2//f/sub 1/) ranging from 1.3 to 2.67. An important feature of this antenna is its consistent radiation pattern, polarization, and polarization purity at both bands and across its entire tunable frequency range.

367 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of magnetoelectric composite materials and some notable potential applications based upon their properties is presented, and a brief summary is presented on the parameters that influence the performance of ME composites, their coupling structures, fabrications processes, characterization techniques, and perspectives on direct (magnetic to electric) and converse (electric to magnetic) ME devices.
Abstract: Multiferroic magnetoelectric (ME) composites are attractive materials for various electrically and magnetically cross-coupled devices. Many studies have been conducted on fundamental understanding, fabrication processes, and applications of ME composite material systems in the last four decades which has brought the technology closer to realization in practical devices. In this article, we present a review of ME composite materials and some notable potential applications based upon their properties. A brief summary is presented on the parameters that influence the performance of ME composites, their coupling structures, fabrications processes, characterization techniques, and perspectives on direct (magnetic to electric) and converse (electric to magnetic) ME devices. Overall, the research on ME composite systems has brought us closer to their deployment.

360 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...Several approaches have been devised to achieve antenna size reductions [138,139]....

    [...]

01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focused on circularly polarized antennas and provided key definitions and governing equations of circular polarization, and extended the concept to the magnetic source counterparts and Huygens sources.
Abstract: This chapter is focused on circularly polarized antennas. Key definitions and governing equations of circular polarization are given. Infinitesimal dipole sources are considered to establish circularly polarized radiation. First, radiation patterns of cross dipoles are mathematically reviewed, from which the condition of circularly polarized waves is concluded. Later, the idea is extended to four displaced sequentially rotated dipole antennas, resulting in circularly polarized waves within a wide angular range in space. The extension of the concept to the magnetic source counterparts and Huygens sources is briefly discussed. Other than point sources, also known as one-dimensional current sources, sources of circularly polarized radiation are further investigated for two-dimensional cases, such as microstrip patch antennas, and threedimensional structures, such as volumetric current sources existing in dielectric resonator antennas. For these cases, the creation of circularly polarized radiation using single-feed and dual-feed, perturbed structures and sequentially rotated method is described. As a design example, numerical andmeasurement results of circularly polarized square patch ring antennas are extensively discussed and presented in this chapter. The square-ring microstrip antenna is selected as it closely approximates the sequentially rotated currents, and also it has not been widely studied in the literature.

327 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a configuration of uniplanar compact electromagnetic band-gap (UC-EBG) structures is proposed to reduce mutual coupling between the radiating elements of an antenna array.
Abstract: Reducing mutual coupling between elements of an antenna array is one of the main topics in array designs. The use of electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures built by microstrip technology is an attractive way to mitigate the mutual coupling problem. This letter describes a novel configuration of uniplanar compact electromagnetic band-gap (UC-EBG) structures to reduce mutual coupling between the radiating elements. The idea is to use the UC-EBG structures placed on top of the antenna layer. The main objective is to reduce both the element separation and the mutual coupling between the patch antennas, which in turn increases antenna directivity. The proposed configuration eliminates drawbacks of similar structures presented in previous works.

312 citations