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JournalISSN: 0022-460X

Journal of Sound and Vibration 

About: Journal of Sound and Vibration is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Vibration & Finite element method. It has an ISSN identifier of 0022-460X. Over the lifetime, 23615 publication(s) have been published receiving 677747 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
A.K. Pandey1, M. Biswas1, M.M. Samman1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A damage in a structure alters its dynamic characteristics. The change is characterized by changes in the eigenparameters, i.e., natural frequency, damping values and the mode shapes associated with each natural frequency. Considerable effort has been spent in obtaining a relationship between the changes in eigenparameters, the damage location and the damage size. Most of the emphasis has been on using the changes in the natural frequencies and the damping values to determine the location and the size of the damage. In this paper a new parameter called curvature mode shape is investigated as a possible candidate for identifying and locating damage in a structure. By using a cantilever and a simply supported analytical beam model, it is shown here that the absolute changes in the curvature mode shapes are localized in the region of damage and hence can be used to detect damage in a structure. The changes in the curvature mode shapes increase with increasing size of damage. This information can be used to obtain the amount of damage in the structure. Finite element analysis was used to obtain the displacement mode shapes of the two models. By using a central difference approximation, curvature mode shapes were then calculated from the displacement mode shapes.

1,782 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Nesbitt W. Hagood1, A.H. von Flotow1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The possibility of dissipating mechanical energy with piezoelectric material shunted with passive electrical circuits is investigated. The effective mechanical impedance for the piezoelectric element shunted by an arbitrary circuit is derived. The shunted piezoelectric is shown to possess frequency dependent stiffness and loss factor which are also dependent on the shunting circuit. The generally shunted model is specialized for two shunting circuits: the case of a resistor alone and that of a resistor and inductor. For resistive shunting, the material properties exhibit frequency dependence similar to viscoelastic materials, but are much stiffer and more independent of temperature. Shunting with a resistor and inductor introduces an electrical resonance, which can be optimally tuned to structural resonances in a manner analogous to a mechanical vibration arsorber. Techniques for analyzing systems which incorporate these shunting cases are presented and applied to a cantilevered beam experiment. The experimental results for both the resistive and resonant shunting circuits validate the shunted piezoelectric damping models.

1,573 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is the authors' hope that this work will prove to be of value, especially to those who are getting acquainted with the research base and aim to participate in the application of model updating in industry, where a pressing need exists.
Abstract: It is well known that finite element predictions are often called into question when they are in conflict with test results. The area known as model updating is concerned with the correction of finite element models by processing records of dynamic response from test structures. Model updating is a rapidly developing technology, and it is intended that this paper will provide an accurate review of the state of the art at the time of going to press. It is the authors' hope that this work will prove to be of value, especially to those who are getting acquainted with the research base and aim to participate in the application of model updating in industry, where a pressing need exists.

1,408 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Masanobu Shinozuka1, C.-M. JanInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Efficient methods are presented for digital simulation of a general homogeneous process (multidimensional or multivariate or multivariate-multidimensional) as a series of cosine functions with weighted amplitudes, almost evenly spaced frequencies, and random phase angles. The approach is also extended to the simulation of a general non-homogeneous oscillatory process characterized by an evolutionary power spectrum. Generalized forces involved in the modal analysis of linear or non-linear structures can be efficiently simulated as a multivariate process using the cross-spectral density matrix computed from the spectral density function of the multidimensional excitation process. Possible applications include simulation of (i) wind-induced ocean wave elevation, (ii) spatial random variation of material properties, (iii) the fluctuating part of atmospheric wind velocities and (iv) random surface roughness of highways and airport runways.

1,300 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Zhongqing Su1, Lin Ye1, Ye Lu1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The guided Lamb wave is widely acknowledged as one of the most encouraging tools for quantitative identification of damage in composite structures, and relevant research has been conducted intensively since the 1980s. The main aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review on the state of the art of Lamb wave-based damage identification approaches for composite structures, addressing the advances and achievements in these techniques in the past decades. Major emphasis is placed on the unique characteristics and mechanisms of Lamb waves in laminated composites; approaches in wave mode selection, generation and collection; modelling and numerical simulation techniques; signal processing and identification algorithms; and sensor network technology for practical utility. Representative case studies are also briefly described in terms of various experimental validations and applications.

1,168 citations

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