The Kips Transactions:partb
Korea Information Processing Society
About: The Kips Transactions:partb is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Feature (computer vision) & Motion estimation. Over the lifetime, 824 publications have been published receiving 566 citations.
Topics: Feature (computer vision), Motion estimation, Digital watermarking, Cluster analysis, Watermark
TL;DR: This research presents the following five advantages compared to previous works: by using a minimal guiding structure for the finger tip, side and the back of finger, it would be possible to use the device in many applications having size limitations such as mobile phones.
Abstract: With increases in recent security requirements, biometric technology such as fingerprints, faces and iris recognitions have been widely used in many applications including door access control, personal authentication for computers, internet banking, automatic teller machines and border-crossing controls. Finger vein recognition uses the unique patterns of finger veins in order to identify individuals at a high level of accuracy. This paper proposes new device and methods for touchless finger vein recognition. This research presents the following five advantages compared to previous works. First, by using a minimal guiding structure for the finger tip, side and the back of finger, we were able to obtain touchless finger vein images without causing much inconvenience to user. Second, by using a hot mirror, which was slanted at the angle of 45 degrees in front of the camera, we were able to reduce the depth of the capturing device. Consequently, it would be possible to use the device in many applications having size limitations such as mobile phones. Third, we used the holistic texture information of the finger veins based on a LBP (Local Binary Pattern) without needing to extract accurate finger vein regions. By using this method, we were able to reduce the effect of non-uniform illumination including shaded and highly saturated areas. Fourth, we enhanced recognition performance by excluding non-finger vein regions. Fifth, when matching the extracted finger vein code with the enrolled one, by using the bit-shift in both the horizontal and vertical directions, we could reduce the authentic variations caused by the translation and rotation of finger. Experimental results showed that the EER (Equal Error Rate) was 0.07423% and the total processing time was 91.4ms.
TL;DR: It is proposed and proved that Greedy SA (GSA) also finds the global optimum in probability in the continuous space optimization problems and is invariant to the problem scaling.
Abstract: Due to the mathematical convergence property, Simulated Annealing (SA) has been one of the most popular optimization algorithms. However, because of its problem of slow convergence in the practical use, many variations of SA like Fast SA (FSA) have been developed for faster convergence. In this paper, we propose and prove that Greedy SA (GSA) also finds the global optimum in probability in the continuous space optimization problems. Because the greedy selection does not allow the cost to become worse, GSA is expected to have faster convergence than the conventional FSA that uses Metropolis selection. In the computer simulation, the proposed method is shown to have as good performance as FSA with Metropolis selection in the viewpoints of the convergence speed and the quality of the found solution. Furthermore, the greedy selection does not concern the cost value itself but uses only dominance of the costs of solutions, which makes GSA invariant to the problem scaling.
TL;DR: A new approach to human motion tracking that combines appearance-based and model-based techniques is presented, purely dependent on nonlinear programming, that is used to recognize various human motions.
Abstract: Reliable tracking of moving humans is essential to motion estimation, video surveillance and human-computer interface. This paper presents a new approach to human motion tracking that combines appearance-based and model-based techniques. Monocular color video is processed at both pixel level and object level. At the pixel level, a Gaussian mixture model is used to train and classily individual pixel colors. At the object level, a 3D human body model projected on a 2D image plane is used to fit the image data. Our method does not use inverse kinematics due to the singularity problem. While many others use stochastic sampling for model-based motion tracking, our method is purely dependent on nonlinear programming. We convert the human motion tracking problem into a nonlinear programming problem. A cost function for parameter optimization is used to estimate the degree of the overlapping between the foreground input image silhouette and a projected 3D model body silhouette. The overlapping is computed using computational geometry by converting a set of pixels from the image domain to a polygon in the real projection plane domain. Our method is used to recognize various human motions. Motion tracking results from video sequences are very encouraging.
TL;DR: This paper classify words into a word as an NE in itself, a word in an NE, and/or a word adjacent to an n, and train an HMM based on NE-related word types and parts of speech, using trigram model of HMM for considering variable length of NEs.
Abstract: Named entity recognition is the process indispensable to question answering and information extraction systems. This paper presents an HMM based named entity (m) recognition method using the construction principles of compound words. In Korean, many named entities can be decomposed into more than one word. Moreover, there are contextual relationships among nouns in an NE, and among an NE and its surrounding words. In this paper, we classify words into a word as an NE in itself, a word in an NE, and/or a word adjacent to an n, and train an HMM based on NE-related word types and parts of speech. Proposed named entity recognition (NER) system uses trigram model of HMM for considering variable length of NEs. However, the trigram model of HMM has a serious data sparseness problem. In order to solve the problem, we use multi-level back-offs. Experimental results show that our NER system can achieve an F-measure of 87.6% in the economic articles.
Related Journals (5)
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
7.6K papers, 28.5K citations
2.5K papers, 28.3K citations
Ksii Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
2.8K papers, 23.5K citations
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
4.9K papers, 115K citations
IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems
7.1K papers, 45.8K citations