# Circular statistics in biology

##### Citations

2,953 citations

2,557 citations

### Cites background or methods from "Circular statistics in biology"

...Despite the fact that circular statistics is still in very active development, several monographs and textbook lay out a standard repertoire of circular statistics methods (e.g., Batschelet 1981; Fisher 1995; Zar 1999; Jammalamadaka and Sengupta 2001)....

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...Rao’s spacing test Rao’s spacing test for circular uniformity is an additional alternative to the Rayleigh test (Batschelet 1981)....

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2,463 citations

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2,226 citations

### Cites background or methods from "Circular statistics in biology"

...The standard ellipse on the other hand contains c. 40% of the data regardless of sample size (Batschelet 1981)....

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...Central to the proposed new method is the standard ellipse, which is to bivariate data as SD is to univariate data (Batschelet 1981)....

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...As an alternative we suggest using metrics based on standard ellipses (Batschelet 1981), comparable to SD in univariate cases, to draw inference on isotopic niche width instead of convex hulls and other extreme value metrics....

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