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Proceedings ArticleDOI

Variable Frequency Transformers for Increased Wind Penetration

01 Oct 2008-pp 1-8
TL;DR: In this article, the voltage impact of wind farms on weak grids is studied using a generic test system and the voltage at the point of interconnection (POI) of the wind farm to the grid is analyzed for different values of grid X/R ratios.
Abstract: The voltage impact of wind farms on weak grids is studied using a generic test system The size of the wind farm is taken as 20% of the grid short circuit MVA to characterize weak grids The voltage at the point of interconnection (POI) of the wind farm to the grid is analyzed for different values of grid X/R ratios It is shown that reduction of real power injection at POI brings the voltage at POI within permissible values for the entire range of X/R ratios A pumped storage unit or a variable frequency transformer as an asynchronous inter connector is suggested to realize this Complete modeling and simulation of the proposed network topologies are given The results are discussed with reference to the Indian power system
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explored the possibility of synchronous generator based wind energy generation system feeding an isolated load using a latest power transmission technology i.e. variable frequency transformer (VFT).

19 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Dec 2014
TL;DR: The proposed method does not employ any power electronic based interface for grid integration of SG based WEGS and hence does not produce harmonics and the control of the proposed method is simple.
Abstract: Conventional grid connected synchronous generator (SG) based wind energy generation system (WEGS) incorporates sophisticated power electronic control system in it which produces harmonics and this deteriorates the quality of output power. Hence, this paper presents a new method for grid integration of SG based WEGS using variable frequency transformer (VFT). The proposed method does not employ any power electronic based interface for grid integration of SG based WEGS and hence does not produce harmonics. Moreover, control of the proposed method is simple. In order to realize the proposed scheme, a digital simulation model of the proposed method has been developed under MATLAB/ Simulink environment. The power flow from the SG to the grid using the model has been studied and its results have been discussed.

12 citations


Cites background from "Variable Frequency Transformers for..."

  • ...Recent studies have indicated that the application of VFT in wind power generation could provide effective wind power utilization at small as well as large scale [10] - [12]....

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
10 Apr 2013
TL;DR: The Variable Frequency Transformer (VFT) as mentioned in this paper is a controllable, bidirectional transmission device that can transfer power in between asynchronous power system networks, where the two separate electrical networks are connected to the stator winding and the rotor winding, respectively.
Abstract: The Variable Frequency Transformer (VFT) is basically a controllable, bidirectional transmission device that can transfer power in-between asynchronous power system networks. The construction of VFT is similar to conventional asynchronous machines, where the two separate electrical networks are connected to the stator winding and the rotor winding, respectively. One power system is connected with the rotor side of the VFT and another power system is connected with the stator side of the VFT. The electrical power is exchanged between the two networks by magnetic coupling through the air gap of the VFT and both are electrically isolated. This paper gives an overview about core components, commissioning, mechanical design, model, operation, analysis and applications of VFT.

6 citations


Cites background from "Variable Frequency Transformers for..."

  • ...d) Asynchronous inter connector for increasing the wind integration [27] – [28]....

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References
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BookDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on the generation of electricity from clean and renewable sources, and show that wind energy has become the world's fastest growing energy source, and that renewable energy is the most promising energy source.
Abstract: As environmental concerns have focussed attention on the generation of electricity from clean and renewable sources, wind energy has become the world's fastest growing energy source. The authors dr ...

2,878 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an hourly-discretized optimization algorithm is proposed to identify the optimum daily operational strategy to be followed by the wind turbines and the hydro generation pumping equipments, provided that a wind-power forecasting is available.
Abstract: This paper proposes the utilization of water storage ability to improve wind park operational economic gains and to attenuate the active power output variations due to the intermittence of the wind-energy resource. An hourly-discretized optimization algorithm is proposed to identify the optimum daily operational strategy to be followed by the wind turbines and the hydro generation pumping equipments, provided that a wind-power forecasting is available. The stochastic characteristics of the wind power are exploited in the approach developed in order to identify an envelope of recommended operational conditions. Three operational conditions were analyzed and the obtained results are presented and discussed.

513 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
20 Dec 2004
TL;DR: The paper discusses the implications of the increasing capacity of synchronous generators at the remote ends of rural distribution networks where the line resistances are high and the X/R ratios are low and proposed approaches may increase the export of real power while maintaining voltage within the statutory limits.
Abstract: The paper discusses the implications of the increasing capacity of synchronous generators at the remote ends of rural distribution networks where the line resistances are high and the X/R ratios are low. Local voltage variation is specifically examined and two methods of compensation are proposed. The first of them is a deterministic system that uses a set of rules to switch intelligently between voltage and power factor control modes, while the second is based on a fuzzy inference system that adjusts the reference setting of the automatic power factor controller in response to the terminal voltage. Extensive simulations have verified that the proposed approaches may increase the export of real power while maintaining voltage within the statutory limits.

95 citations


"Variable Frequency Transformers for..." refers background in this paper

  • ...A 400 kV,100kmline isassumed between thewindfarmandVFT inKSEB(area 1)andbetween VFT andstorage inMSEB (area 2).Theschematic ofthis topology isgiven inFig. 17 .A 150MW VFT isconsidered andtherelevant simulation results aregiven inFig. 18....

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  • ...Fig. 17 .Schematic ofthestudy system withVFT....

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  • ...Fewpapers [16, 17 ]haveexplored theeffect of grid X/Rratio inwindintegration andproposed suitable VAR controllers butnoworkhasbeenreported sofarwhich indicates thepositive impact ofstorage andinterconnections inincreasing windpenetration, forX/Rratios ofgrid varying overawiderange....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the power electronic and energy storage technologies used in wind power, and discuss the technologies that make wind power more palatable to grid operators, making it possible for engineers to finally harness wind energy's tremendous potential in wind-swept, remote locales.
Abstract: Power electronics and exotic energy storage devices are making wind power steady enough to compete with conventional electricity sources. Systems based on advanced power electronics and energy storage devices are massaging and managing power flows from wind turbines, enabling them to contribute to electricity grids without putting those grids at risk. Not only are the technologies making wind power more palatable to grid operators, they are even making it possible for engineers to finally harness wind energy's tremendous potential in wind-swept, remote locales. This article discusses the power electronic and energy storage technologies used in wind power.

61 citations


"Variable Frequency Transformers for..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...S=P+jQ (1) Where P=-P1 + P2 V2=a+jb (2) Where, af=t V1l + sqrt( 4[(PX-QR) 2 V12PR + QX)}/2 b = - (PX-QR)II V1 V2 F sqrt(a2+b2) (3)...

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  • ...The voltage at POI (V2) depends on the X/R ratio of the grid and can be calculated using equations (1) to (3) [18]....

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
24 Jun 2007
TL;DR: In this paper, four alternatives for large-scale wind power integration in power systems with transmission bottlenecks are considered: revision of the methods for calculation of available transmission capacity, transmission network reinforcement, excess wind energy curtailments and extra wind energy storage in hydro reservoirs.
Abstract: The best conditions for the development of wind farms are in remote, open areas with low population density. The transmission system in such areas might not be dimensioned to accommodate additional large-scale power infeed. Furthermore a part of the existing transmission capacity might already be reserved for conventional power plants situated in the same area. In this paper four alternatives for large-scale wind power integration in power systems with transmission bottlenecks are considered: revision of the methods for calculation of available transmission capacity, transmission network reinforcement, excess wind energy curtailments and excess wind energy storage in hydro reservoirs. The paper provides a discussion on each of the four aforementioned alternatives based on the existing research.

57 citations