A Comparative Study on the knowledge and attitude of COVID-19 among Urban and Rural populations of Bangladesh.
Abstract: Aim This study is aimed to identify the awareness and behavioral perspective on COVID-19 between urban and rural people of Bangladesh during the period of outbreak. Methods A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 districts of Bangladesh, where 322 participants from urban and 312 from rural area. Participants were selected through convenience sampling. Results Rural people are found to be much more inter connected to receive information from neighbor. Regarding the incubation periods and the general symptoms, knowledge differs significantly from urban to rural. Even their precautionary and transmission knowledge is found to associate in most of the cases. During this outbreak, urban people significantly increase their religious habits and also believe that there will some major change of life after outbreak. Discussion The study reflected that health education program needed to aware about COVID-19 in both urban and rural in Bangladesh that helps in formulating and executing communication and outbreak management.
Summary (1 min read)
- In 1960, corona virus was first appeared and until 2002, the world considered it as a nonfatal and relatively simple virus.
- An unknown case of pneumonia was reported which clinical symptoms were similar to usual viral pneumonia in Hubei province, China, in December 2019 .
- Within the last two weeks of march, 2021, the number of infection and death is tremendously increases and high-risk zone gave a hyper jump from 10 to 38 which is more than half country’s 64 districts, according to IEDCR data .
- During the period of outbreaks, general people need instant information, a group of population is experience fear, discrimination and stigmatization required special care [19, 20].
- To capture the attitude toward COVID-19 among the people of Bangladesh, a community-based cross-sectional study was conducted over a short period (March 2020 to April 2020) during the rise period of outbreak of COVID-19.
- In a ward, the authors have used convenience sampling, a nonprobability sampling technique, in selecting the respondents from the people of Bangladesh.
- This sampling technique is also known as accidental sampling in many literatures.
- The questionnaire was developed based on the knowledge about COVID-19.
- P values of the chi square test are presented in the table.
- Table 1 summarizes the participants according to their demographic characteristics.
- People in urban and rural bear similar general information about COVID-19 on their mind except the cases, where urban people are more knowledgeable about the causes of this novel virus than the rural people.
- The authors have conducted Chi Square test to check the association between the knowledge of urban and rural people in Bangladesh.
- The authors study shows that urban people are more knowledgeable than rural people regarding causes of COVID-19.
- This is because, the people in urban and rural area in Bangladesh doesn’t have the similar access to gather knowledge on various issues.
- Urban people are found to be more aware about this virus than the rural one.
- These areas are the sources of knowledge about COVID-19 to them.
- This cross-sectional study was carried out to identify the awareness and behavioral perspective on COVID-19 between urban and rural people.
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