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Journal Article

Economia e sociedade escravista: Minas Gerais e São Paulo em 1830

17 Sep 2013-Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População-Vol. 21, Iss: 2, pp 173-193

AbstractThe economy and society of Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo in 1830 are analyzed in this article based on manuscript sources. The economy in that period consisted of a majority of slave owners with few slaves, where ownership of them was widely distributed and where there was even a large group of free blacks, including emancipated slaves. These characteristics were different from the model found in slave systems dominated by large plantations. In fact, slavery in Minas and Sao Paulo seems to have resembled the slave system in the United States more than that found on the sugar-producing islands in the West Indies. But in Brazil slaves were more uniformly distributed by region and occupation. The demographic structure of the slaves showed little potential for reproduction, with a high proportion of married slaves in Sao Paulo. Miscegenation was considerable, with a high proportion of mulattos and other persons of mxed race, some of them free, especially in Minas.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: For 2006 the bibliography continues its customary coverage of secondary writings published since 1900 in western European languages on slavery or the slave trade anywhere in the world: monographs, ...

80 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Both genotypes were associated with high LPO and TEAC levels and decreased melatonin concentration, suggesting that the level of oxidative stress in patients with Bantu/Bantu and BantU/Benin genotypes may overload the antioxidant capacity.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of beta S-globin gene (β(S) globin) haplotypes and alpha thalassemia with 3.7 kb deletion (-α(3.7kb) thalassemia) in the northwest region of Parana state, and to investigate the oxidative and clinical-hematological profile of β(S) globin carriers in this population. Of the 77 samples analyzed, 17 were Hb SS, 30 were Hb AS and 30 were Hb AA. The β(S)globin haplotypes and -α(3.7kb) thalassemia were identified using polymerase chain reaction.Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) were assessed spectophotometrically. Serum melatonin levels were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to coulometric electrochemical detection. The haplotype frequencies in the SS individuals were as follows: Bantu- 21 (62%), Benin - 11 (32%) and Atypical- 2 (6%). Bantu/Benin was the most frequent genotype. Of the 47 SS and AS individuals assessed, 17% (n = 8) had the -α(3.7kb) mutation. Clinical manifestations, as well as serum melatonin, TEAC and LPO levels did not differ between Bantu/Bantu and Bantu/Benin individuals (p > 0.05). Both genotypes were associated with high LPO and TEAC levels and decreased melatonin concentration. These data suggest that the level of oxidative stress in patients with Bantu/Bantu and Bantu/Benin genotypes may overload the antioxidant capacity.

6 citations


Cites background from "Economia e sociedade escravista: Mi..."

  • ...There are also records of slave trading in the state of Paraná in the 17th and 18th centuries, and starting from the second half of the 18th century, internal migration of former slaves was observed from other regions of Brazil to Paraná (Luna and Klein, 2004)....

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  • ...There are also records of slave trading in the state of Paraná in the 17 and 18 centuries, and starting from the second half of the 18 century, internal migration of former slaves was observed from other regions of Brazil to Paraná (Luna and Klein, 2004)....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
19 Dec 2017
Abstract: Este artigo utiliza como principal fonte documental um conjunto de cartas enviadas pelo negociante paulista, tambem traficante de escravos, Antonio da Silva Prado, mais tarde Barao de Iguape. Tal fonte nos permite a analise da montagem da operacao do comercio da mercadoria humana e o seu resultado. As cartas referem-se, basicamente, as duas viagens a Mocambique de um navio negreiro. Mantendo constante dialogo com a historiografia, nossa analise demonstra a complexidade da operacao e a vasta rede de relacoes estabelecidas para a realizacao do empreendimento. Por fim, tecemos alguns comentarios acerca do tratamento dispensado aos escravos, da elevada mortalidade nas viagens do Conceicao Esperanca, bem como acerca dos ganhos passiveis de serem auferidos naquele grande negocio.

3 citations



References
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Book
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159 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 1997-Americas

108 citations


"Economia e sociedade escravista: Mi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...…da entrada de africanosdistorcia a estrutura de idade e sexo da 4 Ver Russell-Wood (1983), Oliveira (1988), Franco (1969), Mello e Souza (1982), Mattos (1998), Algranti (1988), Luna e Costa (1980), Klein (1969), Klein e Paiva (1994 e 1996), Luna e Klein (2000), Klein e Luna (2000), Eisenberg…...

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 1974-Americas
Abstract: T HE HISTORY AND NATURE of the slave regimes of the New World have been examined and hotly debated in national, regional, and comparative perspectives.1 Much of the controversy has centered on the treatment of slaves in the various slave regimes and under a variety of economic conditions. This debate was greatly clarified and advanced by Eugene Genovese in his article, "The Treatment of Slaves in Different Countries," in which he distinguished between three basic meanings of "treatment."2 Genovese recognized that the term "treatment" has been used at different times to describe 1) the day-to-day physical conditions of the slave; 2) the existential conditions of life, the opportunities for familial, social, and religious expression; and 3) access to freedom and citizenship. While these aspects may be interrelated there is no necessary connection between the first and third. Whereas a great deal of argument rages over the comparative history of the first two of these categories, over the third there seems to be general agreement. Both those who see striking differences between Latin American and North American slavery and those who find disheartening similarity concur that access to freedom was easier in Latin America, and that the liberation of slaves was a widely practiced phenomena.3 Once this has been said, however,

94 citations



Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 1983-Americas
Abstract: HE history of slavery in nineteenth-century Brazil is usually associated with the coffee economy of the centralsouthern region of the country, particularly in the Provinces of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Minas Gerais. In the three decades following 1850 and the closing of the African slave trade, slaves were transferred from the southern and northeastern provinces to the coffee region on such a scale that the three major coffee provinces alone had almost two-thirds of the empire's slave population in the year before abolition. Inside the coffee region itself, a similar movement took place. In the last years of slavery, about 90 percent of the slaves of Sao Paulo lived in the coffee districts and, of those, almost all were employed in the coffee fields. A similar, if less spectacular, trend occurred in Rio de Janeiro Province. For Minas Gerais-which had by far the largest slave population of the empire throughout the century-very little research has been done. While most Mineiro historians seem to have been charmed by the splendor of the golden age, the majority of the historians of slavery in Brazil-Brazilians and Brazilianists-have been content with projecting onto nineteenth-cenltury Minas findings about Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The main lines of the existing interpretation can be summarized as follows: in the eighteenth century, owing to the gold and diamond rushes, a large contingent of slaves was gathered in Minas Gerais. As the mining

58 citations