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Book ChapterDOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-3174-8_41

Solar PV-Based VFD Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor for Pumping System

01 Jan 2017-Advances in intelligent systems and computing (Springer, Singapore)-Vol. 517, pp 487-502
Abstract: This paper determines the incorporation of photovoltaic source and battery with a PMSM motor fed with a centrifugal pump based on conventional Direct Torque Control technique (DTC). For the boosting of solar output, interleaved DC-DC converter with fuzzy logic-based MPPT control is studied and in order to convert the DC output of converter for the required form of motor input, three-phase inverter has been taken. With the help of a bi-directional converter, regulation of battery is carried out which depends on load and source. Output results of motor as well as pump are obtained using MATLAB Simulink environment.

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Topics: Synchronous motor (61%), Direct torque control (61%), Photovoltaic system (55%) ...read more
References
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/63.903988
Abstract: Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to maximize the photovoltaic array output power, irrespective of the temperature and irradiation conditions and of the load electrical characteristics. A new MPPT system has been developed, consisting of a buck-type DC/DC converter, which is controlled by a microcontroller-based unit. The main difference between the method used in the proposed MPPT system and other techniques used in the past is that the PV array output power is used to directly control the DC/DC converter, thus reducing the complexity of the system. The resulting system has high-efficiency, lower-cost and can be easily modified to handle more energy sources (e.g., wind-generators). The experimental results show that the use of the proposed MPPT control increases the PV output power by as much as 15% compared to the case where the DC/DC converter duty cycle is set such that the PV array produces the maximum power at 1 kW/m/sup 2/ and 25/spl deg/C.

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Topics: Maximum power point tracking (67%), Power optimizer (65%), Forward converter (63%) ...read more

1,252 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/63.575680
Abstract: This paper describes an investigation of direct torque control (DTC) for permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives. It is mathematically proven that the increase of electromagnetic torque in a permanent magnet motor is proportional to the increase of the angle between the stator and rotor flux linkages, and, therefore, the fast torque response can be obtained by adjusting the rotating speed of the stator flux linkage as fast as possible. It is also shown that the zero voltage vectors should not be used, and stator flux linkage should be kept moving with respect to the rotor flux linkage all the time. The implementation of DTC in the permanent magnet motor is discussed, and it is found that for DTC using available digital signal processors (DSPs), it is advantageous to have a motor with a high ratio of the rated stator flux linkage to stator voltage. The simulation results verify the proposed control and also show that the torque response under DTC is much faster than the one under current control.

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Topics: Direct torque control (76%), Vector control (67%), Flux linkage (66%) ...read more

871 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0038-092X(93)90060-2
James F. Manwell1, Jon G. McGowan1Institutions (1)
01 May 1993-Solar Energy
Abstract: This paper describes a new battery model developed for use in time series performance models of hybrid energy systems. The model is intended to overcome some of the difficulties associated with currently used methods. It is based on the approach of chemical kinetics. This model, which can be used for charging and discharging, is specifically concerned with the apparent change in capacity as a function of charge and discharge rates. It assumes that the charge can be stored in two ways, either as immediately available or as chemically bound. As described in this paper, it requires the determination of as few as three constants. Examples of the deviation of the battery model constants and comparisons of the new model with those used previously are given. Based on the success of the new model, it has been incorporated into the latest versions of the University of Massachusetts's wind/diesel simulation codes.

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Topics: Storage model (55%), Battery (electricity) (54%), Hybrid system (53%) ...read more

501 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/TIE.2003.814762
Abstract: The photovoltaic (PV) generator exhibits a nonlinear V-I characteristic and its maximum power (MP) point varies with solar insolation. In this paper, a feedforward MP-point tracking scheme is developed for the coupled-inductor interleaved-boost-converter-fed PV system using a fuzzy controller. The proposed converter has lower switch current stress and improved efficiency over the noncoupled converter system. For a given solar insolation, the tracking algorithm changes the duty ratio of the converter such that the solar cell array voltage equals the voltage corresponding to the MP point. This is done by the feedforward loop, which generates an error signal by comparing the instantaneous array voltage and reference voltage corresponding to the MP point. Depending on the error and change of error signals, the fuzzy controller generates a control signal for the pulsewidth-modulation generator which in turn adjusts the duty ratio of the converter. The reference voltage corresponding to the MP point for the feedforward loop is obtained by an offline trained neural network. Experimental data are used for offline training of the neural network, which employs a backpropagation algorithm. The proposed peak power tracking effectiveness is demonstrated through simulation and experimental results. Tracking performance of the proposed controller is also compared with the conventional proportional-plus-integral-controller-based system. These studies reveal that the fuzzy controller results in better tracking performance.

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Topics: Maximum power point tracking (63%), Boost converter (60%), Control theory (56%) ...read more

453 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.RSER.2014.05.067
Abstract: For a reliable dynamic system and significant amount of savings in energy usage, adjustable speed drives (ASD) can play a vital role. The proper control of motor drives can give a good system response and also increase the efficacy of the drive. Recently the direct torque control (DTC) strategy has drawn great attention for motor drives due to its simplicity, insensitivity to the motor parameters, high reliability and improved dynamic response. Many control strategies have been developed for the improvement of conventional DTC drives focusing specifically on torque and flux. A number of techniques have been formulated and successfully implemented for induction motor (IM) control. This paper aims to provide a substantial updated review, albeit by no means complete, for those who are interested in keeping track of the present state-of-the-art in this field and working further. The review focuses on different control algorithms of DTC IM drives and their applications to minimize the energy losses and improve the system efficacy.

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Topics: Direct torque control (65%), Induction motor (58%)

78 Citations