Other affiliations: University of California, Berkeley, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tohoku Institute of Technology ...read more
Bio: Kazuya Yoshida is an academic researcher from Tohoku University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Mobile robot & Robot. The author has an hindex of 44, co-authored 341 publications receiving 8145 citations. Previous affiliations of Kazuya Yoshida include University of California, Berkeley & Tokyo Institute of Technology.
Papers published on a yearly basis
••01 Jun 1989
TL;DR: The authors develop a control method for space manipulators based on the resolved motion control concept that is widely applicable in solving not only free-flying manipulation problems but also attitude-control problems.
Abstract: The authors establish a control method for space manipulators taking dynamical interaction between the manipulator arm and the base satellite into account. The kinematics of free-flying multibody systems is investigated by introducing the momentum conservation law into the formulation and a novel Jacobian matrix in generalized form for space robotic arms is derived. The authors develop a control method for space manipulators based on the resolved motion control concept. The proposed method is widely applicable in solving not only free-flying manipulation problems but also attitude-control problems. The validity of the method is demonstrated by computer simulations with a realistic model of a robot satellite. >
TL;DR: The requirements for the exploration mission in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants are presented, the implementation is discussed, and the results of the mission are reported.
Abstract: On March 11, 2011, a massive earthquake (magnitude 9.0) and accompanying tsunami hit the Tohoku region of eastern Japan. Since then, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants have been facing a crisis due to the loss of all power that resulted from the meltdown accidents. Three buildings housing nuclear reactors were seriously damaged from hydrogen explosions, and, in one building, the nuclear reactions became out of control. It was too dangerous for humans to enter the buildings to inspect the damage because radioactive materials were also being released. In response to this crisis, it was decided that mobile rescue robots would be used to carry out surveillance missions. The mobile rescue robots needed could not be delivered to the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) until various technical issues were resolved. Those issues involved hardware reliability, communication functions, and the ability of the robots' electronic components to withstand radiation. Additional sensors and functionality that would enable the robots to respond effectively to the crisis were also needed. Available robots were therefore retrofitted for the disaster reponse missions. First, the radiation tolerance of the electronic componenets was checked by means of gamma ray irradiation tests, which were conducted using the facilities of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The commercial electronic devices used in the original robot systems operated long enough (more than 100 h at a 10% safety margin) in the assumed environment (100 mGy/h). Next, the usability of wireless communication in the target environment was assessed. Such tests were not possible in the target environment itself, so they were performed at the Hamaoka Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, which are similar to the target environment. As previously predicted, the test results indicated that robust wireless communication would not be possible in the reactor buildings. It was therefore determined that a wired communication device would need to be installed. After TEPCO's official urgent mission proposal was received, the team mounted additional devices to facilitate the installation of a water gauge in the basement of the reactor buildings to determine flooding levels. While these preparations were taking place, prospective robot operators from TEPCO trained in a laboratory environment. Finally, one of the robots was delivered to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants on June 20, 2011, where it performed a number of important missions inside the buildings. In this paper, the requirements for the exploration mission in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants are presented, the implementation is discussed, and the results of the mission are reported. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Webpage: http://www.astro.mech.tohoku.ac.jp/)
TL;DR: Initial findings about geological features, surface condition, regolith grain size, compositional variation, and constraints on the physical properties of this site are reported by using both scientific and housekeeping data during the descent sequence of the first touchdown.
Abstract: After global observations of asteroid 25143 Itokawa by the Hayabusa spacecraft, we selected the smooth terrain of the Muses Sea for two touchdowns carried out on 19 and 25 November 2005 UTC for the first asteroid sample collection with an impact sampling mechanism. Here, we report initial findings about geological features, surface condition, regolith grain size, compositional variation, and constraints on the physical properties of this site by using both scientific and housekeeping data during the descent sequence of the first touchdown. Close-up images revealed the first touchdown site as a regolith field densely filled with size-sorted, millimeter- to centimeter-sized grains.
TL;DR: Results from field experiments conducted with a team of ground and aerial robots engaged in the collaborative mapping of an earthquake-damaged building that was damaged during the 2011 Tohoku earthquake are reported.
Abstract: We report recent results from field experiments conducted with a team of ground and aerial robots engaged in the collaborative mapping of an earthquake-damaged building. The goal of the experimental exercise is the generation of three-dimensional maps that capture the layout of a multifloor environment. The experiments took place in the top three floors of a structurally compromised building at Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan that was damaged during the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. We provide details of the approach to the collaborative mapping and report results from the experiments in the form of maps generated by the individual robots and as a team. We conclude by discussing observations from the experiments and future research topics. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (This work builds upon the conference paper (Michael et al., 2012).)
TL;DR: The proposed wheel-and-vehicle model demonstrates better accuracy in predicting steering maneuvers as compared to the conventional kinematics-based model.
Abstract: This paper presents analytical models to investigate the steering maneuvers of planetary exploration rovers on loose soil. The models are based on wheel-soil interaction mechanics, or terramechanics, with which the traction and disturbance forces of a wheel are evaluated for various slip conditions. These traction forces are decomposed into the longitudinal and lateral directions of the wheel. The latter component, termed the side force has a major influence in characterizing the steering maneuvers of the rover. In this paper, the wheel-soil mechanics models are developed with particular attention to the side force and the validity of the model is confirmed by using a single-wheel test bed. The motion profile of the entire rover is numerically evaluated by incorporating the wheel-soil models into an articulated multibody model that describes the motion dynamics of the vehicle’s body and chassis. Steering maneuvers are investigated under different steering angles by using a four-wheel rover test bed on simulated lunar soil regolith simulant. The experimental results are compared with the simulation results using the corresponding model parameters. The proposed wheel-and-vehicle model demonstrates better accuracy in predicting steering maneuvers as compared to the conventional kinematics-based model. ©
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Probability distributions of linear models for regression and classification are given in this article, along with a discussion of combining models and combining models in the context of machine learning and classification.
Abstract: Probability Distributions.- Linear Models for Regression.- Linear Models for Classification.- Neural Networks.- Kernel Methods.- Sparse Kernel Machines.- Graphical Models.- Mixture Models and EM.- Approximate Inference.- Sampling Methods.- Continuous Latent Variables.- Sequential Data.- Combining Models.
TL;DR: Results suggest that AID may be involved in regulation or catalysis of the DNA modification step of both class switching and somatic hypermutation in CH12F3-2 B lymphoma.
Abstract: Summary There are two additional types of genetic alteration in the immune system, namely somatic hypermutation and Induced overexpression of AID in CH12F3-2 B lym- class switch recombination (CSR) of the immunoglobulin phoma cells augmented class switching from IgM (Ig) gene which take place in a highly specialized microto IgA without cytokine stimulation. AID deficiency environment called the germinal center (Jacob et al., caused a complete defect in class switching and 1991; Liu et al., 1996). Somatic hypermutation accumushowed a hyper-IgM phenotype with enlarged germi- lates massive point mutations in the V exon and gives nal centers containing strongly activated B cells be- rise to high-affinity antibodies for a given antigen in fore or after immunization. AID2/2 spleen cells stimu- a process called affinity maturation, in which B cells lated in vitro with LPS and cytokines failed to undergo expressing high affinity Ig on their surface are selected class switch recombination although they expressed by limited amounts of antigens. Mutations are introduced at a high frequency (102 3 ‐102 4 per base division) germline transcripts. Immunization of AID 2 /2 chimera at a defined region between the VH promoter and the with 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NP) chicken g-globintronic enhancer (reviewed by Wagner and Neuberger,
TL;DR: Loss of RAG-2 function in vivo results in total inability to initiate V(D)J rearrangement, leading to a novel severe combined immune deficient (SCID) phenotype.
Abstract: We have generated mice that carry a germline mutation in which a large portion of the RAG-2 coding region is deleted. Homozygous mutants are viable but fail to produce mature B or T lymphocytes. Very immature lymphoid cells were present in primary lymphoid organs of mutant animals as defined by surface marker analyses and Abelson murine leukemia virus (A-MuLV) transformation assays. However, these cells did not rearrange their immunoglobulin or T cell receptor loci. Lack of V(D)J recombination activity in mutant pre-B cell lines could be restored by introduction of a functional RAG-2 expression vector. Therefore, loss of RAG-2 function in vivo results in total inability to initiate V(D)J rearrangement, leading to a novel severe combined immune deficient (SCID) phenotype. Because the SCID phenotype was the only obvious abnormality detected in RAG-2 mutant mice, RAG-2 function and V(D)J recombinase activity, per se, are not required for development of cells other than lymphocytes.
TL;DR: The analysis of the differences between two complex genomes holds promise for the discovery of infectious agents and probes useful for genetic studies, and may also be used for isolating probes linked to sites of genomic rearrangements.
Abstract: The analysis of the differences between two complex genomes holds promise for the discovery of infectious agents and probes useful for genetic studies. A system was developed in which subtractive and kinetic enrichment was used to purify restriction endonuclease fragments present in one population of DNA fragments but not in another. Application of this method to DNA populations of reduced complexity ("representations") resulted in the isolation of probes to viral genomes present as single copies in human DNA, and probes that detect polymorphisms between two individuals. In principle, this system, called representational difference analysis (RDA), may also be used for isolating probes linked to sites of genomic rearrangements, whether occurring spontaneously and resulting in genetic disorders or cancer, or programmed during differentiation and development.
TL;DR: Nonholonomic control systems as discussed by the authors provide a good introduction to the subject for nonspecialists in the field, while perhaps providing specialists with a better perspective of the field as a whole.
Abstract: Provides a summary of recent developments in control of nonholonomic systems. The published literature has grown enormously during the last six years, and it is now possible to give a tutorial presentation of many of these developments. The objective of this article is to provide a unified and accessible presentation, placing the various models, problem formulations, approaches, and results into a proper context. It is hoped that this overview will provide a good introduction to the subject for nonspecialists in the field, while perhaps providing specialists with a better perspective of the field as a whole. The paper is organized as follows: introduction to nonholonomic control systems and where they arise in applications, classification of models of nonholonomic control systems, control problem formulations, motion planning results, stabilization results, and current and future research topics.