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Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

EducationVadodara, Gujarat, India
About: Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda is a education organization based out in Vadodara, Gujarat, India. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Catalysis & Population. The organization has 4296 authors who have published 6163 publications receiving 101528 citations. The organization is also known as: M. S. University & Baroda College.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This book discusses the construction of mental ray, a model for synthetic lighting, and some of the techniques used to design and implement such models.
Abstract: Introduction. Chapter 1: Introduction to mental ray. What Is mental ray? Why Use mental ray? The Structure of mental ray. mental ray Integration. Command-Line Rendering and the Stand-Alone Renderer. mental ray Shaders and Shader Libraries. Indirect Illumination. Chapter 2: Rendering Algorithms. Introduction to Synthetic Lighting. Rendering under the Hood. mental ray Rendering Algorithms. Scanline Rendering in Depth. Raytrace Rendering in Depth. Hardware Rendering. Chapter 3: mental ray Output. mental ray Data Types. The Frame Buffer. Frame Buffer Options. mental ray Cameras. Output Statements. Chapter 4: Camera Fundamentals. Camera Basics and Aspect Ratios. Camera Lenses. Host Application Settings. Chapter 5: Quality Control. Sampling and Filtering in Host Applications. Raytrace Acceleration. Diagnostic and BSP Fine-Tuning. Chapter 6: Lights and Soft Shadows. mental ray Lights. Area Lights. Host Application Settings. Light Profiles. Chapter 7: Shadow Algorithms. Shadow Algorithms. Raytrace Shadows. Depth-Based Shadows. Stand-Alone and Host Settings. Chapter 8: Motion Blur. mental ray Motion Blur. Motion-Blur Options. Motion-Blur Render Algorithms. Host Settings. Chapter 9: The Fundamentals of Light and Shading Models. The Fundamentals of Light. Light Transport and Shading Models. mental ray Shaders. Chapter 10: mental ray Shaders and Shader Trees. Installing Custom Shaders. DGS and Dielectric Shading Models. Glossy Reflection and Refraction Shaders. Brushed Metals with the Glossy and Anisotropic Shaders. The Architectural (mia) Material. Chapter 11: mental ray Textures and Projections. Texture Space and Projections. mental ray Bump Mapping. mental ray Projection and Remapping Shaders. Host Application Settings. Memory Mapping, Pyramid Images, and Image Filtering. Chapter 12: Indirect Illumination. mental ray Indirect Illumination. Photon Shaders and Photon-Casting Lights. Indirect Illumination Options and Fine-Tuning. Participating Media (PM) Effects. Chapter 13: Final Gather and Ambient Occlusion. Final Gather Fundamentals. Final Gather Options and Techniques. Advanced Final Gather Techniques. Ambient Occlusion. Chapter 14: Subsurface Scattering. Advanced Shading Models. Nonphysical Subsurface Scattering. An Advanced Shader Tree. Physical Subsurface Scattering. Appendix: About the Companion CD. Index.

1,022 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: BRAF mutations are associated with distinct phenotypical and biological properties of papillary carcinomas and may participate in progression to poorly differentiated and anaplastic carcinomas.
Abstract: Activating point mutations of the BRAF gene have been recently reported in papillary thyroid carcinomas. In this study, we analyzed 320 thyroid tumors and six anaplastic carcinoma cell lines and detected BRAF mutations in 45 (38%) papillary carcinomas, two (13%) poorly-differentiated carcinomas, three (10%) anaplastic carcinomas, and five (83%) thyroid anaplastic carcinoma cell lines but not in follicular, Hurthle cell, and medullary carcinomas, follicular and Hurthle cell adenomas, or benign hyperplastic nodules. All mutations involved a T→A transversion at nucleotide 1796. In papillary carcinomas, BRAF mutations were associated with older age, classic papillary carcinoma or tall cell variant histology, extrathyroidal extension, and more frequent presentation at stages III and IV. All BRAF-positive poorly differentiated and anaplastic carcinomas contained areas of preexisting papillary carcinoma, and mutation was present in both the well-differentiated and dedifferentiated components. These data indicate...

985 citations

Book ChapterDOI
TL;DR: Recent work in the laboratory has shown that the conditions employed to isolate PSMs do not reflect soil conditions and that PSMs capable of effectively releasing P from soil are not so highly abundant as was suggested in earlier studies, and indicated that the mineral phosphate solubilizing ability of microbes could be linked to specific genes.
Abstract: Phosphorus (P) is one of the major plant growth-limiting nutrients although it is abundant in soils in both inorganic and organic forms. Phosphate solubilizing micro-organisms (PSMs) are ubiquitous in soils and could play an important role in supplying P to plants in a more environmentally friendly and sustainable manner. Although solubilization of P compounds by microbes is very common under laboratory conditions, results in the field have been highly variable. This variability has hampered the large-scale use of PSMs in agriculture. Many reasons have been suggested for this variability, but none of them have been extensively investigated. In spite of the importance of PSMs in agriculture, the detailed biochemical and molecular mechanisms of P solubilization are not known. Recent work in our laboratory has shown that the conditions employed to isolate PSMs do not reflect soil conditions and that PSMs capable of effectively releasing P from soil are not so highly abundant as was suggested in earlier studies. These studies have also indicated that the mineral phosphate solubilizing (mps) ability of microbes could be linked to specific genes, and that these genes are present even in non P solubilizing bacteria. Understanding the genetic basis of P solubilization could help in transforming more rhizosphere-competent bacteria into PSMs. Further research should also focus on the microbial solubilization of iron (Fe) and aluminum (Al) phosphates, as well as mobilization of the organic phosphate reserves present in the soils.

924 citations

28 Aug 2006
TL;DR: In this paper, modern power system analysis was used to analyze modern power systems and their relationship with modern power control systems, including the power control system analysis and power control control systems.
Abstract: Modern power system analysis , Modern power system analysis , مرکز فناوری اطلاعات و اطلاع رسانی کشاورزی

605 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1982
TL;DR: Modern power system analysis, Modern power systemAnalysis, مرکز فناوری اطلاعات, کسورزی, امیران رسانی , اوشاوρز عاعد, £1,000, £2,500, £3,000 per megawatt-hour.

529 citations


Showing all 4354 results

Peter M. Elias12758149825
Swagata Mukherjee101104846234
Pamela C. Ronald8331527600
Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan7046822807
Manuela Simoni6631515212
Paresh Vyas6529218547
Manfred Schedlowski6528014249
Michael Forsting6454715801
Rakesh Sharma6067314157
Pankaj Sharma5864312601
Neeraj Agarwal5655415428
Gokare Aswathanarayana Ravishankar5324713363
Abhaya M. Dandekar522609841
Shilpa Buch5222615424
Wolfgang Osten5271510857
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