# Showing papers in "Arabian Journal of Mathematics in 2020"

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TL;DR: In this article, a forward-backward splitting algorithm for approximating a zero of the sum of an alpha-monotone operator and a maximal monotone operation is presented.

Abstract: In this paper, we construct a forward–backward splitting algorithm for approximating a zero of the sum of an $$\alpha $$-inverse strongly monotone operator and a maximal monotone operator. The strong convergence theorem is then proved under mild conditions. Then, we add a nonexpansive mapping in the algorithm and prove that the generated sequence converges strongly to a common element of a fixed points set of a nonexpansive mapping and zero points set of the sum of monotone operators. We apply our main result both to equilibrium problems and convex programming.

23 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, a collocation algorithm for the numerical solution of a Volterra-Fredholm integral equation (V-FIE) using shifted Chebyshev collocation (SCC) method was reported.

Abstract: This work reports a collocation algorithm for the numerical solution of a Volterra–Fredholm integral equation (V-FIE), using shifted Chebyshev collocation (SCC) method. Some properties of the shifted Chebyshev polynomials are presented. These properties together with the shifted Gauss–Chebyshev nodes were then used to reduce the Volterra–Fredholm integral equation to the solution of a matrix equation. Nextly, the error analysis of the proposed method is presented. We compared the results of this algorithm with others and showed the accuracy and potential applicability of the given method.

14 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, a Dai-Liao conjugate gradient method for solving large-scale system of nonlinear equations is proposed, which incorporates an extended secant equation developed from modified secant equations proposed by Zhang et al.

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a Dai–Liao (DL) conjugate gradient method for solving large-scale system of nonlinear equations. The method incorporates an extended secant equation developed from modified secant equations proposed by Zhang et al. (J Optim Theory Appl 102(1):147–157, 1999) and Wei et al. (Appl Math Comput 175(2):1156–1188, 2006) in the DL approach. It is shown that the proposed scheme satisfies the sufficient descent condition. The global convergence of the method is established under mild conditions, and computational experiments on some benchmark test problems show that the method is efficient and robust.

14 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: This paper investigates a hybrid projective combination–combination synchronization scheme among four non-identical hyperchaotic systems via adaptive control method based on Lyapunov stability theory and identifies the unknown parameters and determines the asymptotic stability globally.

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate a hybrid projective combination–combination synchronization scheme among four non-identical hyperchaotic systems via adaptive control method. Based on Lyapunov stability theory, the considered approach identifies the unknown parameters and determines the asymptotic stability globally. It is observed that various synchronization techniques, for instance, chaos control problem, combination synchronization, projective synchronization, etc. turn into particular cases of combination–combination synchronization. The proposed scheme is applicable to secure communication and information processing. Finally, numerical simulations are performed to demonstrate the effectivity and correctness of the considered technique by using MATLAB.

9 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, the existence theory of a class of random fractional differential equations involving boundary condition (BCs) is studied. But the authors focus on the boundary value problem of RFDEs.

Abstract: This manuscript is devoted to the existence theory of a class of random fractional differential equations (RFDEs) involving boundary condition (BCs). Here we take the corresponding derivative of arbitrary order in
$$\psi $$
-Hilfer sense. By utilizing classical fixed point theory and nonlinear analysis we establish some basic results of the qualitative theory such as existence, uniqueness and stability of solutions to the considered boundary value problem of RFDEs. Further, for the justification of our analysis we provide two examples.

9 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, Lie symmetry analysis is used to investigate invariance properties of some nonlinear fractional partial differential equations with conformable fractional time and space derivatives, and exact solutions are given to these equations in terms of solutions of ordinary differential equations.

Abstract: In this article, Lie symmetry analysis is used to investigate invariance properties of some nonlinear fractional partial differential equations with conformable fractional time and space derivatives. The analysis is applied to Korteweg–de Vries, modified Korteweg–de Vries, Burgers, and modified Burgers equations with conformable fractional time and space derivatives. For each equation, all the vector fields and the Lie symmetries are obtained. Moreover, exact solutions are given to these equations in terms of solutions of ordinary differential equations. In particular, it is shown that the fractional Korteweg–de Vries can be reduced to the first Painleve equation and to the fractional second Painleve equation. In addition, a solution of the fractional modified Korteweg–de Vries is given in terms of solutions of the fractional second Painleve equation.

8 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, the authors considered the problem of paracontact geometry on a para-Kenmotsu manifold and showed that if the metric g of g of G of σ, σ is a Gaussian, then G is either the potential vector field collinear with Reeb vector field or Ricci soliton.

Abstract: We consider almost
$$*$$
-Ricci solitons in the context of paracontact geometry, precisely, on a paraKenmotsu manifold. First, we prove that if the metric g of
$$\eta $$
-Einstein paraKenmotsu manifold is
$$*$$
Ricci soliton, then M is Einstein. Next, we show that if
$$\eta $$
-Einstein paraKenmotsu manifold admits a gradient almost
$$*$$
-Ricci soliton, then either M is Einstein or the potential vector field collinear with Reeb vector field
$$\xi $$
. Finally, for three-dimensional case we show that paraKenmotsu manifold is of constant curvature
$$-1$$
. An illustrative example is given to support the obtained results.

5 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: An innovative scheme of collocation having quintic Hermite splines as base functions has been followed to solve Burgers' equation as mentioned in this paper, which relies on approximation of Burgers's equation directly in non-linear form without using Hopf-Cole transformation.

Abstract: An innovative scheme of collocation having quintic Hermite splines as base functions has been followed to solve Burgers’ equation. The scheme relies on approximation of Burgers’ equation directly in non-linear form without using Hopf–Cole transformation (Hopf in Commun Pure Appl Math 3:201–216, 1950; Cole in Q Appl Math 9:225–236, 1951). The significance of the numerical technique is demonstrated by comparing the numerical results to the exact solution and published results (Asaithambi in Appl Math Comput 216:2700–2708, 2010; Mittal and Jain in Appl Math Comput 218:7839–7855, 2012). Five problems with different initial conditions have been examined to validate the efficiency and accuracy of the scheme. Euclidean and supremum norms have been reckoned to scrutinize the stability of the numerical scheme. Results have been demonstrated in plane and surface plots to indicate the effectiveness of the scheme.

4 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, the authors considered a Yosida inclusion problem in the setting of Hadamard manifolds and proposed a Korpelevich-type algorithm for computing the approximate solution.

Abstract: We consider a Yosida inclusion problem in the setting of Hadamard manifolds We study Korpelevich-type algorithm for computing the approximate solution of Yosida inclusion problem The resolvent and Yosida approximation operator of a monotone vector field and their properties are used to prove that the sequence generated by the proposed algorithm converges to the solution of Yosida inclusion problem An application to our problem and algorithm is presented to solve variational inequalities in Hadamard manifolds

3 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, a suitable Boehmian space on which the Bessel-Wright transform can be defined was constructed and some desired properties were obtained in the class of Boehmians.

Abstract: In this paper, we first construct a suitable Boehmian space on which the Bessel–Wright transform can be defined and some desired properties are obtained in the class of Boehmians. Some convergence results are also established.

3 citations

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[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors studied the monotonicity and convexity properties of the complete (p, q)-elliptic integrals of the first and second kind, respectively.

Abstract: Motivated by the work of Alzer and Richards (Anal Math 41:133–139, 2015), here authors study the monotonicity and convexity properties of the function $$\begin{aligned} \Delta _{p,q} (r) = \frac{{E_{p,q}(r) - \left( {r'} \right) ^p K_{p,q}(r) }}{{r^p }} - \frac{{E'_{p,q}(r) - r^p K'_{p,q}(r) }}{{\left( {r'} \right) ^p }}, \end{aligned}$$where $$K_{p,q}$$ and $$E_{p,q}$$ denote the complete (p, q)-elliptic integrals of the first and second kind, respectively.

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that there is no proper submanifold for warped products in paracosymplectic manifolds other than semi-invariant warped products.

Abstract: In the present paper, we prove that there does not exist any $$\mathcal {P}\mathcal {R}$$-semi-slant warped product submanifolds in paracosymplectic manifolds. In addition, by presenting a non-trivial example we find that there is no proper $$\mathcal {P}\mathcal {R}$$-semi-slant warped product submanifold other than $$\mathcal {P}\mathcal {R}$$-semi-invariant warped products.

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TL;DR: In this article, a conditional cumulative distribution of a scalar response given by a functional random variable with an alpha-mixing stationary sample using a local polynomial technique is investigated.

Abstract: This paper investigates a conditional cumulative distribution of a scalar response given by a functional random variable with an $$\alpha $$
-mixing stationary sample using a local polynomial technique. The main purpose of this study is to establish asymptotic normality results under selected mixing conditions satisfied by many time-series analysis models in addition to the other appropriate conditions to confirm the planned prospects.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, two different finite difference methods to compute the numerical solutions for Newell-Whitehead-Segel partial differential equation, which are implicit exponential finite difference method and fully implicit exponential Finite Difference method, are presented.

Abstract: This work presents two different finite difference methods to compute the numerical solutions for Newell–Whitehead–Segel partial differential equation, which are implicit exponential finite difference method and fully implicit exponential finite difference method. Implicit exponential methods lead to nonlinear systems. Newton method is used to solve the resulting systems. Stability and consistency are discussed. To illustrate the accuracy of the proposed numerical methods, some examples are delivered at the end.

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TL;DR: The authors generalize a Menon-type identity by Li and Kim, involving additive characters of the group and use a different approach, based on certain convolutional identities, for Ramanujan sums.

Abstract: By considering even functions (
$$\hbox {mod}\ n$$
), we generalize a recent Menon-type identity by Li and Kim, involving additive characters of the group
$${\mathbb {Z}}_n$$
. We use a different approach, based on certain convolutional identities. Some other applications, including related formulas for Ramanujan sums, are discussed as well.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, the existence of a weak solution to the Maxwell-Stokes type equation with a potential satisfying the Dirichlet condition, under the hypothesis that the domain has no holes, using a version of the de Rham lemma.

Abstract: In this paper, we show the existence of a weak solution to the Maxwell–Stokes type equation with a potential satisfying the Dirichlet condition, under the hypothesis that the domain has no holes, using a version of the de Rham lemma that was proved in our previous paper. We also give the regularity of weak solutions.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the dynamic chromatic number for the line graph of sunlet graph, middle graph, total graph and central graph of Sunlet graphs, paths and cycles.

Abstract: Coloring the vertices of a particular graph has often been motivated by its utility to various applied fields and its mathematical interest. A dynamic coloring of a graph G is a proper coloring of the vertex set V(G) such that for each vertex of degree at least 2, its neighbors receive at least two distinct colors. A dynamic k-coloring of a graph is a dynamic coloring with k colors. A dynamic k-coloring is also called a conditional (k, 2)-coloring. The smallest integer k such that G has a dynamic k-coloring is called the dynamic chromatic number $$\chi _d(G)$$ of G. In this paper, we investigate the dynamic chromatic number for the line graph of sunlet graph and middle graph, total graph and central graph of sunlet graphs, paths and cycles. Also, we find the dynamic chromatic number for Mycielskian of paths and cycles and the join graph of paths and cycles.

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[...]

Mutah University

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, conditions on operators A, B, C, D, E, and M were considered to ensure generalized Weyl's theorem and property (Bw) for matrix operators.

Abstract: It is known that if $$A\in \mathscr {L}(\mathscr {X})$$ and $$B\in \mathscr {L}(\mathscr {Y})$$ are Banach operators with the single-valued extension property, SVEP, then the matrix operator $$M_\mathrm{{C}}=\begin{pmatrix} A &{} C \\ 0&{} B \\ \end{pmatrix} $$ has SVEP for every operator $$C\in \mathscr {L}(\mathscr {Y},\mathscr {X}),$$ and hence obeys generalized Browder’s theorem This paper considers conditions on operators A, B, and $$M_0$$ ensuring generalized Weyl’s theorem and property (Bw) for operators $$M_\mathrm{{C}}$$ Moreover, certain conditions are explored on Banach space operators T and S so that $$T\oplus S$$ obeys property (gw)

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TL;DR: In this paper, an analog of the Desargues theorem is introduced for a noncommutative geometry defined by the scheme in question, and it turns out that if the geometry has enough many Desargue configurations, then under a technical condition, the scheme is schurian and separable.

Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to establish a sufficient condition for a two-valenced association scheme to be schurian and separable. To this end, an analog of the Desargues theorem is introduced for a noncommutative geometry defined by the scheme in question. It turns out that if the geometry has enough many Desarguesian configurations, then under a technical condition, the scheme is schurian and separable. This result enables us to give short proofs for known statements on the schurity and separability of quasi-thin and pseudocyclic schemes. Moreover, by the same technique, we prove a new result: given a prime p, any
$$\{1,p\}$$
-scheme with thin residue isomorphic to an elementary abelian p-group of rank greater than two, is schurian and separable.

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TL;DR: In this article, the dimension reduction method sparse Partial Least Square (sPLS) is applied to high-dimensional data, where variables can be gathered in given a priori groups.

Abstract: Nowadays, data analysis applied to high dimension has arisen. The edification of high-dimensional data can be achieved by the gathering of different independent data. However, each independent set can introduce its own bias. We can cope with this bias introducing the observation set structure into our model. The goal of this article is to build theoretical background for the dimension reduction method sparse Partial Least Square (sPLS) in the context of data presenting such an observation set structure. The innovation consists in building different sPLS models and linking them through a common-Lasso penalization. This theory could be applied to any field, where observation present this kind of structure and, therefore, improve the sPLS in domains, where it is competitive. Furthermore, it can be extended to the particular case, where variables can be gathered in given a priori groups, where sPLS is defined as a sparse group Partial Least Square.

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[...]

SIDI

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, a Bernoulli feedback queueing system with multiple working vacations and impatient timers was considered. And the steady-state solution of the model was derived using the probability generating functions.

Abstract: The present paper deals with an $$M^{X}/M/c$$
Bernoulli feedback queueing system with variant multiple working vacations and impatience timers which depend on the states of the servers. Whenever a customer arrives at the system, he activates an random impatience timer. If his service has not been completed before his impatience timer expires, the customer may abandon the system. Using certain customer retention mechanism, the impatient customer can be retained in the system. After getting incomplete or unsatisfactory service, with some probability, each customer may comeback to the system as a Bernoulli feedback. Using the probability generating functions (PGFs), we derive the steady-state solution of the model. Then, we obtain useful performance measures. Moreover, we carry out an economic analysis. Finally, numerical study is performed to explore the effects of the model parameters on the behavior of the system.

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TL;DR: In this article, an inequality in terms of the scalar curvature and the Mean curvature vector field was derived for real hypersurfaces in the complex quadric quadratic and the condition under which this inequality becomes an equality was derived.

Abstract: In the present paper, we first characterize real hypersurfaces in the complex quadric $$Q^{m}$$ by giving an inequality in terms of the scalar curvature and the Mean curvature vector field. We also obtain the condition under which this inequality becomes an equality. Further, we develop two extremal inequalities involving the normalized $$\delta $$-Casorati curvatures and the extrinsic generalized normalized $$\delta $$-Casorati curvatures for real hypersurfaces in $$Q^{m}$$. Finally, we derive the necessary and sufficient condition for the equality in both cases.

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TL;DR: In this article, the asymptotic properties of the spectral density estimator (a periodogram) of a linear spatial process with alpha mixing innovations were studied under some conditions and a relation between the periodograms of innovations and that of the linear process was established in a spatial case.

Abstract: We study the asymptotic properties of the spectral density estimator (a periodogram) of a linear spatial process with alpha mixing innovations. A periodogram is a natural estimate of the spectral density. Under some conditions, a relation between the periodograms of innovations and that of the linear process is established in a spatial case. As the estimator of periodogram is inconsistent, a linear filter is introduced and convergence properties of the obtained smoother periodogram estimator are studied.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, the authors proved two new Riemann-Liouville fractional Hermite-Hadamard type inequalities for harmonically convex functions using the left and right fractional integrals independently.

Abstract: In this paper, we proved two new Riemann–Liouville fractional Hermite–Hadamard type inequalities for harmonically convex functions using the left and right fractional integrals independently. Also, we have two new Riemann–Liouville fractional trapezoidal type identities for differentiable functions. Using these identities, we obtained some new trapezoidal type inequalities for harmonically convex functions. Our results generalize the results given by Iscan (Hacet J Math Stat 46(6):935–942, 2014).

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TL;DR: In this article, the Niemytzki plane and the Sorgenfrey plane are RC-spaces, and it is shown that all regular open sets constitute a regular normal base.

Abstract: Following Frink’s characterization of completely regular spaces, we say that a regular $$T_1$$-space is an RC-space whenever the family of all regular open sets constitutes a regular normal base. Normal spaces are RC-spaces and there exist completely regular spaces which are not RC-spaces. So the question arises, which of the known examples of completely regular and not normal spaces are RC-spaces. We show that the Niemytzki plane and the Sorgenfrey plane are RC-spaces.

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[...]

Assam University

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, the authors studied reflexive-nilpotents-property skewed by a ring endomorphism and introduced the notion of $$\alpha $$-skew RNP rings.

Abstract: The reflexive property for rings was introduced by Mason and play roles in noncommutative ring theory. A ring R is called reflexive if for $$a, b \in R$$, $$aRb = 0$$ implies $$bRa = 0$$. Recently, Kheradmand et al. introduced the notion of RNP (reflexive-nilpotents-property) rings by restricting the reflexive property to nilpotent elements. In this article, we study reflexive-nilpotents-property skewed by a ring endomorphism $$\alpha $$ and introduce the notion of $$\alpha $$-skew RNP rings. We investigate various properties and extensions of these rings and also determine the structure of minimal noncommutative $$\alpha $$-skew RNP rings.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, a geometric construction of a Bezier curve is presented by a unifiable way from the mentioned literature with some modification, and a closed-form solution to the inverse problem in cubic BEZier-spline interpolation is obtained.

Abstract: A geometric construction of a Bezier curve is presented by a unifiable way from the mentioned literature with some modification. A closed-form solution to the inverse problem in cubic Bezier-spline interpolation will be obtained. Calculations in the given examples are performed by a Maple procedure using this solution.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that the derived subgroups of finite p-groups are cyclic or elementary abelian for which central automorphisms are the same as central automomorphisms.

Abstract: Let G be a group and
$$\mathrm{IA}(G)$$
denote the group of all automorphisms of G, which induce identity map on the abelianized group
$$G_{ab}=G/G'$$
. Also the group of those
$$\mathrm{IA}$$
-automorphisms which fix the centre element-wise is denoted by
$$\mathrm{IA_Z}(G)$$
. In the present article, among other results and under some condition we prove that the derived subgroups of finite p-groups, for which
$$\mathrm{IA_Z}$$
-automorphisms are the same as central automorphisms, are either cyclic or elementary abelian.

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[...]

TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that R is strongly regular if and only if R is J-normal and von Neumann regular, where J(R) is the Jacobson radical of R. The class of normal rings lies between weakly normal rings and left min-abel rings.

Abstract: A ring R is defined to be J-normal if for any $$a, r\in R$$ and idempotent $$e\in R$$, $$ae = 0$$ implies $$Rera\subseteq J(R)$$, where J(R) is the Jacobson radical of R. The class of J-normal rings lies between the classes of weakly normal rings and left min-abel rings. It is proved that R is J-normal if and only if for any idempotent $$e\in R$$ and for any $$r\in R$$, $$R(1 - e)re\subseteq J(R)$$ if and only if for any $$n\ge 1$$, the $$n\times n$$ upper triangular matrix ring $$U_{n}(R)$$ is a J-normal ring if and only if the Dorroh extension of R by $${\mathbb {Z}}$$ is J-normal. We show that R is strongly regular if and only if R is J-normal and von Neumann regular. For a J-normal ring R, it is obtained that R is clean if and only if R is exchange. We also investigate J-normality of certain subrings of the ring of $$2\times 2$$ matrices over R.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors established sufficient conditions for 3-prime near-rings to be commutative rings and discussed the converse of a well-known result in rings and near-ring.

Abstract: We establish sufficient conditions for 3-prime near-rings to be commutative rings. In particular, for a 3-prime near-ring R with a derivation d, we investigate conditions such as $$d([U,V])\subseteq Z(R)$$
, $$d(U)\subseteq Z(R)$$
, $$x_{o}d(R)\subseteq Z(R)$$
, and $$Ux_{o}\subseteq Z(R)$$
. As a by-product, we generalize and extend known results related to rings and near-rings. Furthermore, we discuss the converse of a well-known result in rings and near-rings, namely: if $$x\in Z(R)$$
, then $$d(x)\in Z(R)$$
. In addition, we provide useful examples illustrating our results.