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Book ChapterDOI

Medical Device to Tackle Neurogenic Bladder

01 Jan 2015-pp 178-181
TL;DR: An innovative device is devised that not only helps the patient concerned to track how much his/her bladder has filled up, but also helps in voluntary emptying of the same.
Abstract: Almost one in twenty adults experience urinary incontinence problems according to major test surveys across all the populations irrespective of geography, cultures or backgrounds (Source: rightdiagnosis.com on 9th March 2015). While most of us take the blessing of voluntary voiding of our urinary bladder as a given, there are patients around the world who are not sensitive to the filling up of their bladder or its involuntary leakage. Thus, incontinence has a major impact on the quality of all patients leading to stress and embarrassment apart from other biological problems such as Urinary Tract Infections. Thus, to tackle this problem we have devised an innovative device that not only helps the patient concerned to track how much his/her bladder has filled up, but also helps in voluntary emptying of the same. The device, hence, has three major components, namely: 1) The sensor, 2) The Display and 3) The Micturition Control.
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
19 Oct 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, an abordagem e fundamentada em Arranjos de Interacao, os quais representam fluxos recorrentes de interacao entre elementos abstratos do dominio IoT.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) e um paradigma que permite compor sistemas a partir de objetos equipados com comportamentos de identificacao, sensoriamento ou atuacao alem de capacidades de processamento, os quais podem se comunicar e cooperar para alcancar objetivos. Assim como toda mudanca de paradigma, IoT faz emergir desafios relacionados a diversas areas de pesquisa, incluindo a Engenharia de Software nas diferentes fases de desenvolvimento. Considerando fases iniciais de projeto, este trabalho propoe a abordagem ScenarIoT visando apoiar a especificacao de cenarios no desenvolvimento de sistemas de software baseados em IoT. Esta abordagem e fundamentada em Arranjos de Interacao, os quais representam fluxos recorrentes de interacao entre elementos abstratos do dominio IoT. Estes arranjos puderam ser desenhados aplicando-se uma abordagem baseada em evidencia, ou seja, considerando os resultados obtidos por meio de uma revisao estruturada da literatura conduzida com o objetivo de identificar, analisar e interpretar os conceitos e propriedades do dominio IoT. A abordagem ScenarIoT foi aplicada em dois projetos de turmas de graduacao com o objetivo de observar a sua utilidade. Os resultados dos estudos mostraram que a abordagem e util considerando o contexto onde foi aplicada.

11 citations


Cites background or methods from "Medical Device to Tackle Neurogenic..."

  • ...A system to support urinary bladder functions [22] can be assumed to exemplify instantiation of IIA4....

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  • ...A system to support urinary bladder functions (Chadda, Thigale, and Britto 2015) can be assumed to exemplify the instantiation of IIA-4....

    [...]

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: C cumulative experimental studies suggest that many, perhaps all, of the ideal functional characteristics of a total prosthetic bladder are possible.
Abstract: Bladder reconstruction may be required in a variety of pathological conditions, including bladder cancer, irradiation cystitis, interstitial cystitis, tuberculosis, and various congenital anomalies. Currently, bladder reconstruction is done with an autogenous bowel segment. Use of a total prosthetic bladder as an intracorporeal urinary reservoir has been an elusive goal for many decades. Many investigational and a few clinical trials have been performed in an attempt to develop a near-nornal bladder prosthesis utilizing alloplastic materials. To date the ideal prosthetic bladder has not been developed. However, cumulative experimental studies suggest that many, perhaps all, of the ideal functional characteristics of a total prosthetic bladder are possible. Basically, two different alloplastic models have been investigated.

15 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: General concepts relating to disorders of micturition are discussed at the conclusion of this chapter.
Abstract: Paraparesis (paraplegia) refers to partial (-paresis) or complete (-plegia) loss of voluntary motor function in the pelvic limbs. Similar involvement of all four limbs is termed tetraparesis (tetraplegia). Paraparesis generally results from spinal cord lesions caudad to the second thoracic spinal cord segment, whereas tetraparesis occurs because of lesions craniad to this segment (see discussion of spinal cord lesion localization in The Neurologic Examination and Lesion Localization, on page 328). The limbs may be affected equally; however, asymmetric lesions cause greater clinical involvement on the ipsilateral side. Strictly unilateral lesions at C1-T2 result in clinical involvement on only the affected side of the body (hemiparesis, hemiplegia). Monoparesis (monoplegia) occurs subsequent to unilateral T2-S1 lesions. Trauma and neoplasia are the most common spinal cord diseases affecting cats. Urinary and fecal incontinence often occur concomitant with paresis. General concepts relating to disorders of micturition are discussed at the conclusion of this chapter.

9 citations