scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center

GovernmentRishon LeZiyyon, Israel
About: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center is a government organization based out in Rishon LeZiyyon, Israel. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Soil water. The organization has 5609 authors who have published 8063 publications receiving 266327 citations. The organization is also known as: Agricultural Research Station of the Jewish Agency for Palestine & Volcani Center.
Topics: Population, Soil water, Irrigation, Ripening, Gene

More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The main knowledge gaps, the future research needs and the policy and management options that should be prioritized to tackle antibiotic resistance in the environment are discussed.
Abstract: Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human and animal health worldwide, and key measures are required to reduce the risks posed by antibiotic resistance genes that occur in the environment. These measures include the identification of critical points of control, the development of reliable surveillance and risk assessment procedures, and the implementation of technological solutions that can prevent environmental contamination with antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes. In this Opinion article, we discuss the main knowledge gaps, the future research needs and the policy and management options that should be prioritized to tackle antibiotic resistance in the environment.

1,495 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Stephen Richards1, Richard A. Gibbs1, Nicole M. Gerardo2, Nancy A. Moran3  +220 moreInstitutions (58)
TL;DR: The genome of the pea aphid shows remarkable levels of gene duplication and equally remarkable gene absences that shed light on aspects of aphid biology, most especially its symbiosis with Buchnera.
Abstract: Aphids are important agricultural pests and also biological models for studies of insect-plant interactions, symbiosis, virus vectoring, and the developmental causes of extreme phenotypic plasticity. Here we present the 464 Mb draft genome assembly of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. This first published whole genome sequence of a basal hemimetabolous insect provides an outgroup to the multiple published genomes of holometabolous insects. Pea aphids are host-plant specialists, they can reproduce both sexually and asexually, and they have coevolved with an obligate bacterial symbiont. Here we highlight findings from whole genome analysis that may be related to these unusual biological features. These findings include discovery of extensive gene duplication in more than 2000 gene families as well as loss of evolutionarily conserved genes. Gene family expansions relative to other published genomes include genes involved in chromatin modification, miRNA synthesis, and sugar transport. Gene losses include genes central to the IMD immune pathway, selenoprotein utilization, purine salvage, and the entire urea cycle. The pea aphid genome reveals that only a limited number of genes have been acquired from bacteria; thus the reduced gene count of Buchnera does not reflect gene transfer to the host genome. The inventory of metabolic genes in the pea aphid genome suggests that there is extensive metabolite exchange between the aphid and Buchnera, including sharing of amino acid biosynthesis between the aphid and Buchnera. The pea aphid genome provides a foundation for post-genomic studies of fundamental biological questions and applied agricultural problems.

1,271 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of factors influencing heat stress in lactating dairy cows and how it affects milk production is provided in this article, where the thermoneutral zone, heat production and heat gain, heat dissipation mechanisms, and how the lactating cow responds to heat stress are discussed.

1,100 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Biocontrol fungi are agents that control plant diseases and have the ability to ameliorate a wide range of abiotic stresses, and some of them can also alleviate physiological stresses such as seed aging.
Abstract: Biocontrol fungi (BCF) are agents that control plant diseases. These include the well-known Trichoderma spp. and the recently described Sebacinales spp. They have the ability to control numerous foliar, root, and fruit pathogens and even invertebrates such as nematodes. However, this is only a subset of their abilities. We now know that they also have the ability to ameliorate a wide range of abiotic stresses, and some of them can also alleviate physiological stresses such as seed aging. They can also enhance nutrient uptake in plants and can substantially increase nitrogen use efficiency in crops. These abilities may be more important to agriculture than disease control. Some strains also have abilities to improve photosynthetic efficiency and probably respiratory activities of plants. All of these capabilities are a consequence of their abilities to reprogram plant gene expression, probably through activation of a limited number of general plant pathways.

1,061 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review concerns the heat stress–strain response of domestic ruminants from the viewpoint of animal welfare and physiological, hormonal, and behavioral thermoregulatory responses are discussed in respect to animal welfare.

953 citations


Showing all 5641 results

Jacques S. Beckmann11744163543
Sumio Iijima106633101834
Anil Kumar99212464825
Israel Vlodavsky9849434150
David E. Levy9724135917
Frederick C. Meinzer9427924296
Elliot S. Gershon9145833559
Henry T. Nguyen8034422944
Aaron Cohen7841266543
Masako Yudasaka7241717761
Junji Terao7132017269
Vitaly Citovsky7019415496
Joseph Irudayaraj6937416377
Shlomo P. Neuman6729518209
Shimon Slavin6638420978
Network Information
Related Institutions (5)
Agricultural Research Service
58.6K papers, 2.1M citations

92% related

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
21.3K papers, 748.1K citations

92% related

Institut national de la recherche agronomique
68.3K papers, 3.2M citations

90% related

United States Department of Agriculture
90.8K papers, 3.4M citations

90% related

Nanjing Agricultural University
27.3K papers, 546.5K citations

88% related

No. of papers from the Institution in previous years