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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/07391102.2020.1734088

Designing of a multi-epitope vaccine candidate against Nipah virus by in silico approach: a putative prophylactic solution for the deadly virus

04 Mar 2021-Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics (Taylor & Francis)-Vol. 39, Iss: 4, pp 1461-1480
Abstract: Nipah virus (NPV) is one of the most notorious viruses with a very high fatality rate. Because of the recurrent advent of this virus and its severe neurological implications, often leading to high ...

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Topics: Virus (55%)
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MEEGID.2020.104648
Neha Jain1, Uma Shankar1, Prativa Majee1, Amit Kumar1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Novel SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a pandemic condition worldwide. It has been declared as a public health emergency of international concern by WHO in a very short span of time. The community transmission of this highly infectious virus has severely affected various parts of China, Italy, Spain, India, and USA, among others. The prophylactic solution against SARS-CoV-2 infection is challenging due to the high mutation rate of its RNA genome. Herein, we exploited a next-generation vaccinology approach to construct a multi-epitope vaccine candidate against SARS-CoV-2 that is predicted to have high antigenicity, safety, and efficacy to combat this deadly infectious agent. The whole proteome was scrutinized for the screening of highly conserved, antigenic, non-allergen, and non-toxic epitopes having high population coverage that can elicit both humoral and cellular mediated immune response against COVID-19 infection. These epitopes along with four different adjuvants, were utilized to construct a multi-epitope-vaccine candidate that can generate strong immunological memory response having high efficacy in humans. Various physiochemical analyses revealed the formation of a stable vaccine product having a high propensity to form a protective solution against the detrimental SARS-CoV-2 strain with high efficacy. The vaccine candidate interacted with immunological receptor TLR3 with a high affinity depicting the generation of innate immunity. Further, the codon optimization and in silico expression show the plausibility of the high expression and easy purification of the vaccine product. Thus, this present study provides an initial platform for the rapid generation of an efficacious protective vaccine for combating COVID-19.

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4 Citations


Open accessPosted ContentDOI: 10.1101/2020.03.26.009209
Neha Jain1, Uma Shankar1, Prativa Majee1, Amit Kumar1Institutions (1)
01 Apr 2020-bioRxiv
Abstract: Novel SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a pandemic condition world-wide and has been declared as public health emergency of International concern by WHO in a very short span of time. The community transmission of this highly infectious virus has severely affected various parts of China, Italy, Spain and USA among others. The prophylactic solution against SARS-CoV-2 infection is challenging due to the high mutation rate of its RNA genome. Herein, we exploited a next generation vaccinology approach to construct a multi-epitope vaccine candidate against SARS-CoV-2 with high antigenicity, safety and efficacy to combat this deadly infectious agent. The whole proteome was scrutinized for the screening of highly conserved, antigenic, non-allergen and non-toxic epitopes having high population coverage that can elicit both humoral and cellular mediated immune response against COVID-19 infection. These epitopes along with four different adjuvants were utilized to construct a multi-epitope vaccine candidate that can generate strong immunological memory response having high efficacy in humans. Various physiochemical analyses revealed the formation of a stable vaccine product having a high propensity to form a protective solution against the detrimental SARS-CoV-2 strain with high efficacy. The vaccine candidate interacted with immunological receptor TLR3 with high affinity depicting the generation of innate immunity. Further, the codon optimization and in silico expression show the plausibility of the high expression and easy purification of the vaccine product. Thus, this present study provides an initial platform of the rapid generation of an efficacious protective vaccine for combating COVID-19.

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3 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/VACCINES9080925
19 Aug 2021-Vaccine
Abstract: Bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) is an overlooked pathogen, recently gaining widespread attention owing to its associated enormous economic impacts affecting the global livestock industries. High endemicity with rapid spread and morbidity greatly impacts bovine species, demanding adequate attention towards BEFV prophylaxis. Currently, a few suboptimum vaccines are prevailing, but were confined to local strains with limited protection. Therefore, we designed a highly efficacious multi-epitope vaccine candidate targeted against the geographically distributed BEFV population. By utilizing immunoinformatics technology, all structural proteins were targeted for B- and T-cell epitope prediction against the entire allele population of BoLA molecules. Prioritized epitopes were adjoined by linkers and adjuvants to effectively induce both cellular and humoral immune responses in bovine. Subsequently, the in silico construct was characterized for its physicochemical parameters, high immunogenicity, least allergenicity, and non-toxicity. The 3D modeling, refinement, and validation of ligand (vaccine construct) and receptor (bovine TLR7) then followed molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulation to validate their stable interactions. Moreover, in silico cloning of codon-optimized vaccine construct in the prokaryotic expression vector (pET28a) was explored. This is the first time HTL epitopes have been predicted using bovine datasets. We anticipate that the designed construct could be an effective prophylactic remedy for the BEF disease that may pave the way for future laboratory experiments.

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Topics: Population (52%)

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/07391102.2021.1874529
Uma Shankar1, Neha Jain1, Subodh Kumar Mishra1, Fulbabu Sk1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Ebola virus is the primary causative agent of viral hemorrhagic fever that is an epidemic disease and responsible for the massive premature deaths in humans. Despite knowing the molecular mechanism...

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1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MEEGID.2020.104450
Jing Sun1, Caiqin Ren1, Ying Huang1, Wenhan Chao1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has emerged as an important public health issue. As a zoonotic RNA virus, new strains are continuously discovered from human or various animal species. However, the capability of cross-species infection varies largely among different strains. Because the classical nucleotide-based genotyping system provides little functional insight, this study aimed to comprehensively investigate codon usage of the HEV coding regions for better understanding the evolutional orientation, virus-host interaction and cross-species transmission. We observed significant differences of the four nucleotide usages in the three open reading frames, indicating that the evolutional tendency of HEV caused by mutation pressure is modified by the evolutional dynamic related to positive selection. Furthermore, significant differences of nucleotide usages were found among HEV isolated from different host species, suggesting an important role of natural selection related to the host. Analysis of effective number of codons revealed distinct degrees of biased codon usage caused by mutation pressure or the host. Finally, we have mapped the similarity levels of the overall codon usage between the virus and the host to assess the potential of cross-species infection. Thus, this study has provided a novel aspect for better understanding the HEV genetic orientation and the zoonotic nature.

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Topics: Codon usage bias (58%), Open reading frame (53%), Coding region (51%) ... read more

1 Citations


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70 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1107/S0021889892009944
Abstract: The PROCHECK suite of programs provides a detailed check on the stereochemistry of a protein structure Its outputs comprise a number of plots in PostScript format and a comprehensive residue-by-residue listing These give an assessment of the overall quality of the structure as compared with well refined structures of the same resolution and also highlight regions that may need further investigation The PROCHECK programs are useful for assessing the quality not only of protein structures in the process of being solved but also of existing structures and of those being modelled on known structures

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21,583 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/JCC.20289
James C. Phillips1, Rosemary Braun1, Wei Wang1, James C. Gumbart1  +6 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: NAMD is a parallel molecular dynamics code designed for high-performance simulation of large biomolecular systems. NAMD scales to hundreds of processors on high-end parallel platforms, as well as tens of processors on low-cost commodity clusters, and also runs on individual desktop and laptop computers. NAMD works with AMBER and CHARMM potential functions, parameters, and file formats. This article, directed to novices as well as experts, first introduces concepts and methods used in the NAMD program, describing the classical molecular dynamics force field, equations of motion, and integration methods along with the efficient electrostatics evaluation algorithms employed and temperature and pressure controls used. Features for steering the simulation across barriers and for calculating both alchemical and conformational free energy differences are presented. The motivations for and a roadmap to the internal design of NAMD, implemented in C++ and based on Charm++ parallel objects, are outlined. The factors affecting the serial and parallel performance of a simulation are discussed. Finally, typical NAMD use is illustrated with representative applications to a small, a medium, and a large biomolecular system, highlighting particular features of NAMD, for example, the Tcl scripting language. The article also provides a list of the key features of NAMD and discusses the benefits of combining NAMD with the molecular graphics/sequence analysis software VMD and the grid computing/collaboratory software BioCoRE. NAMD is distributed free of charge with source code at www.ks.uiuc.edu.

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13,210 Citations


Open accessBook
14 Dec 2012-

12,295 Citations


Book ChapterDOI: 10.1385/1-59259-584-7:531
Abstract: Protein identification and analysis software performs a central role in the investigation of proteins from two-dimensional (2-D) gels and mass spectrometry. For protein identification, the user matches certain empirically acquired information against a protein database to define a protein as already known or as novel. For protein analysis, information in protein databases can be used to predict certain properties about a protein, which can be useful for its empirical investigation. The two processes are thus complementary. Although there are numerous programs available for those applications, we have developed a set of original tools with a few main goals in mind. Specifically, these are: 1. To utilize the extensive annotation available in the Swiss-Prot database wherever possible, in particular the position-specific annotation in the Swiss-Prot feature tables to take into account posttranslational modifications and protein processing. 2. To develop tools specifically, but not exclusively, applicable to proteins prepared by two dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting experiments. 3. To make all tools available on the World-Wide Web (WWW), and freely usable by the scientific community. In this chapter we give details about protein identification and analysis software that is available through the ExPASy World Wide Web server.

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Topics: Protein structure database (61%), ExPASy (54%)

6,688 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMETH.3213
Jianyi Yang1, Renxiang Yan1, Ambrish Roy1, Dong Xu1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Jan 2015-Nature Methods
Abstract: The lowest free-energy conformations are identified by structure clustering. A second round of assembly simulation is conducted, starting from the centroid models, to remove steric clashes and refine global topology. Final atomic structure models are constructed from the low-energy conformations by a two-step atomic-level energy minimization approach. The correctness of the global model is assessed by the confidence score, which is based on the significance of threading alignments and the density of structure clustering; the residue-level local quality of the structural models and B factor of the target protein are evaluated by a newly developed method, ResQ, built on the variation of modeling simulations and the uncertainty of homologous alignments through support vector regression training. For function annotation, the structure models with the highest confidence scores are matched against the BioLiP5 database of ligand-protein interactions to detect homologous function templates. Functional insights on ligand-binding site (LBS), Enzyme Commission (EC) and Gene Ontology (GO) are deduced from the functional templates. We developed three complementary algorithms (COFACTOR, TM-SITE and S-SITE) to enhance function inferences, the consensus of which is derived by COACH4 using support vector machines. Detailed instructions for installation, implementation and result interpretation of the Suite can be found in the Supplementary Methods and Supplementary Tables 1 and 2. The I-TASSER Suite pipeline was tested in recent communitywide structure and function prediction experiments, including CASP10 (ref. 1) and CAMEO2. Overall, I-TASSER generated the correct fold with a template modeling score (TM-score) >0.5 for 10 out of 36 “New Fold” (NF) targets in the CASP10, which have no homologous templates in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Of the 110 template-based modeling targets, 92 had a TM-score >0.5, and 89 had the templates drawn closer to the native with an average r.m.s. deviation improvement of 1.05 Å in the same threadingaligned regions6. In CAMEO, COACH generated LBS predictions for 4,271 targets with an average accuracy 0.86, which was 20% higher than that of the second-best method in the experiment. Here we illustrate I-TASSER Suite–based structure and function modeling using six examples (Fig. 1b–g) from the communitywide blind tests1,2. R0006 and R0007 are two NF targets from CASP10, and I-TASSER constructed models of correct fold with a TM-score of 0.62 for both targets (Fig. 1b,c). An illustration of local quality estimation by ResQ is shown for T0652, which has an average error 0.75 Å compared to the actual deviation of the model from the native (Fig. 1h). The four LBS prediction examples (Fig. 1d–g) are from CASP10 (ref. 1) and CAMEO2; COACH generated ligand models all with a ligand r.m.s. deviation below 2 Å. COACH also correctly assigned the threeand fourdigit EC numbers to the enzyme targets C0050 and C0046 (Supplementary Table 3). In summary, we developed a stand-alone I-TASSER Suite that can be used for off-line protein structure and function prediction. The I-TASSER Suite: protein structure and function prediction

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3,715 Citations


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