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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/14635240.2019.1696219

The impact of health education on nutritional behaviors in female students: an application of health belief model

04 Mar 2021-International journal of health promotion and education (Routledge)-Vol. 59, Iss: 2, pp 70-82
Abstract: Nutrition has a crucial impact in health protection and development. Children’s diet is a substantial issue as they are a social group most vulnerable and sensitive to malnutrition. This study perf...

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Topics: Health belief model (70%), Health education (65%), Malnutrition (54%) ... show more

11 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/IJERPH17093007
Abstract: Technological progress in the educational field has led to the application of active and innovative teaching methods, such as flipped learning, including in the field of dietary education. This is considered a mixed formative approach that combines face-to-face and outside the classroom education. The objective of this research was to analyze the effectiveness of flipped learning methodology on a traditional training practice in dietary training, both in the sixth grade of primary education and in the fourth level of secondary education. A quasi-experimental design was adopted with two experimental groups, two control groups and only posttest. The final sample was composed of 115 students divided into four groups, two of each educational stage mentioned. A didactic unit consisting of six sessions in all groups was applied. Two different training methodologies were followed according to the nature of the group (control-traditional; experimental-flipped learning). The results reveal that flipped learning is effective both in primary education and in secondary education, being more influential in student development in this last stage. It is concluded that the flipped learning approach has meant an improvement of the academic indicators evaluated after a diet education program.

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14 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU12124838
13 Jun 2020-Sustainability
Abstract: Nutrition-related education is necessary to protect and improve the health status of schoolchildren and to minimize the risk of future diseases. The objective of this research was to analyze the trajectory and transcendence of the concepts “education” and “diet” in the Web of Science literature. The methodology focused on bibliometry, analyzing both the performance and the structural and dynamic development of the concepts through a co-word analysis. A total of 1247 documents were analyzed, and the results show that scientific production experienced a turning point in 2009, in comparison to the level of production reported in previous years. The medium of papers and the language of English were the most common. In relation to the research topic, before 2014, scientific production focused on medical and disease-related aspects; however, since 2014, it has focused on disease prevention and feeding. It was therefore concluded that the theme “diet and education” has been researched for more than 20 years, although it is only in the last decade that it has become more relevant—particularly studies focusing on disease prevention and the type of food, specifically fruit, which is presented as the most outstanding issue for researchers in this field of knowledge.

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Topics: Scientific literature (55%)

10 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.4103/JEHP.JEHP_635_19
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Brucellosis is one of the common diseases between humans and animals. The purpose of this study was to investigate behavioral determinants of brucellosis incidence among stockbreeders and their family members in a rural area based on the PRECEDE model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 540 stockbreeders and their family members in Northeastern Iran in 2019. Sampling was done in two stages including stratified sampling and random sampling method. Data collection was conducted by a valid and reliable questionnaire developed based on the PRECEDE model. Data were analyzed using SPSS16 through Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, and ANOVA. Furthermore IBM SPSS AMOS version 20 was used for the path analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 39.02 ± 16.41 years, of whom 53.1% and 46.9% were men and women, respectively. About 23.9% of the participants had a history of brucellosis in their families. Enabling factors were the most important determinant of self-efficacy and self-efficacy was the most important determinants of behavior. Evaluation of the chi-square indicators, chi-square ratio to degree of freedom, root mean square error of approximation, adjusted goodness of fit index, parsimony comparative fit index, comparative fit index, incremental fit index, and parsimonious normed fit index indices indicated that the model was well fitted and there was a positive and significant relationship between the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors on the one hand and behavior on the other. chi-square indicators, chi-square ratio to degree of freedom, root mean square error of approximation, adjusted goodness of fit index, parsimony comparative fit index, comparative fit index, incremental fit index, and parsimonious normed fit index CONCLUSION: Designing and implementing health plans based on the PRECEDE model with more emphasis on self-efficacy as the most important behavioral determinants can bring about a positive effect on enhancing the brucellosis preventing behaviors.

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Topics: Goodness of fit (57%)

2 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.52547/IJHEHP.9.1.94
Abstract: Background and Objective: Obesity is a metabolic and medical condition in which adipose tissue accumulates too much in the body. The main purpose of current study is �evaluation of effectiveness of integration of eating awareness training and implementation intention model on body mass index, waist circumference, mindfulness eating, and physical activity in obese women.� Materials and Methods: The research method was semi-experimental with pretest, post-test and follow-up test design, and comparing them with a control group. The population of this study were obese women with a BMI higher or equal to 25 in Karaj in 1398. Forty-one subjects were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups according to the inclusion criteria and targeted sampling. Weight with digital scales, waist with meter tape, mindful eating questionnaire and physical activity with checklist, were assessed. MBEAT was held during 12 sessions of 150 minutes each session and with the implementation intention model, daily planning for physical activity was done. Data were analyzed by mixed analysis, Shapiro-Wilk, Loon, Mohali sphericity, with significance level of P<0/001. Finally, 35 people were analyzed. Results: The results showed that the integration of implementation intention and mindfulness-based eating awareness training reduces the mean BMI in the post-test (71.57± 0.6) and follow-up (69.78 ± 0.97) compared to the pre-test (77.00 ± 1.05) and eat mindfulness eating in the post-test (53.52 ± 0.80) and follow up (53.21 ± 0.67) and increase the average physical activity in the post-test (24.06 ± 2.84) and follow up (23.65 ± 2.52) compared to the pre-test (28.91 ± 3.18) .(P=0.001). Conclusion: The result of integration of MBEAT and implementation intention model was to increase people's ability to self-regulate and be aware of the body sensations and emotional symptoms of eating and doing physical activity on a daily basis, which eventually led to weight loss. © 2021 Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion. All rights reserved.

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Topics: Population (52%)

1 Citations


22 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JADA.2005.02.007
Abstract: Breakfast has been labeled the most important meal of the day, but are there data to support this claim? We summarized the results of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine studies), body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies) in children and adolescents. Breakfast skipping is highly prevalent in the United States and Europe (10% to 30%), depending on age group, population, and definition. Although the quality of breakfast was variable within and between studies, children who reported eating breakfast on a consistent basis tended to have superior nutritional profiles than their breakfast-skipping peers. Breakfast eaters generally consumed more daily calories yet were less likely to be overweight, although not all studies associated breakfast skipping with overweight. Evidence suggests that breakfast consumption may improve cognitive function related to memory, test grades, and school attendance. Breakfast as part of a healthful diet and lifestyle can positively impact children's health and well-being. Parents should be encouraged to provide breakfast for their children or explore the availability of a school breakfast program. We advocate consumption of a healthful breakfast on a daily basis consisting of a variety of foods, especially high-fiber and nutrient-rich whole grains, fruits, and dairy products.

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Topics: Meal (67%), School Breakfast Program (64%), Population (51%)

1,199 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1094/PDIS-11-11-0999-PDN
10 Apr 2012-Plant Disease
Abstract: From May to June 2011, during a survey of the wheat-growing areas in Meknes in the Sais Region of Morocco, several cyst nematode populations were detected. Sampling was performed 1 month before wheat (Triticum durum) harvest, in fields showing patches of stunted plants. Plants were growing poorly, had chlorotic lower leaves, and a reduced numbers of ears. Root systems were short and had a bushy appearance because of increased secondary root production. No cysts were visible on the roots, but were found in the soil. Cysts were collected from soil on 200-μm sieves by the modified Cobb decanting and sieving method (1) and identified by morphology and internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-rDNA sequencing. All isolates were identified as Heterodera avenae except the isolate from Ain Jemâa. From the latter, key morphological features from cysts and second-stage juveniles (J2) were determined. The cysts (n = 10) had the following characteristics: bifenestrate vulval cone, body length without neck 590 μm (551 to 632 μm), body width 393 μm (310 to 490 μm), neck length 75 μm (65 to 90 μm), fenestra length 64 μm (60 to 72 μm) and width 21 μm (18 to 25 μm), underbridge length 96 μm (85 to 115 μm), vulval slit length 8 μm (7 to 9 μm), vulva bridge width 27 μm (24 to 33 μm), and bullae absent. The J2s (n = 10) had the following characteristics: body length 445 μm (412 to 472 μm), body width 19 μm (19 to 21 μm), stylet length 24 μm (23 to 25 μm), four lateral lines, tail length 50 μm (46 to 54 μm), and hyaline terminal tail 28 μm (24 to 31 μm). Values of the morphological characters were within the range of H. latipons reported by Handoo (3). The bifenestrate cysts with a strong underbridge and no bullae and J2 with a tail length greater than 40 μm, a stylet longer than 15 μm, and four incisures in the lateral field were typical for H. latipons. To confirm the identification, molecular observations were made. DNA was extracted from three juveniles from three different cysts separately (4). The ITS-rDNA region was amplified using the primers 5'-CGT AAC AAG GTA GCT GTA G-3' and 5'-TCC TCC GCT AAA TGA TAT G-3' as described by Ferris et al. (2). This resulted in a 1,040-bp DNA fragment. The PCR-products were purified and sequenced (Macrogen, Inc., Seoul, Korea). All sequences obtained (GenBank Accession Nos. per cyst: JQ319035, JQ319036, and JQ319037) were compared with sequences available from the GenBank database ( ), including several species of Heterodera. This comparison revealed a sequence similarity of 97 to 99% with H. latipons and 89% or lower with any other species of Heterodera. Morphological and molecular identification demonstrated that the population of cyst nematodes from a wheat field in Ain Jemâa, Morocco was H. latipons. In the patches with poor growing plants, 65 cysts per 100 cm3 soil were found. To our knowledge, this detection represents a new record of H. latipons. Since the nematode can cause considerable damage to wheat, one of the main cereals produced in Morocco, care should be taken to prevent the spread to other regions. References: (1) K. R. Barker. Page 19 in: An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. Vol II. Methodology. C. C. Carter and J. N. Sasser, eds. North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh, 1985. (2) V. R. Ferris et al. Fundam. Appl. Nematol. 16:177, 1993. (3) Z. A. Handoo. J. Nematol. 34:250, 2002. (4) M. Holterman et al. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:1792, 2006.

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Topics: Heterodera latipons (60%), Cereal cyst nematode (54%), Heterodera avenae (51%) ... show more

1,083 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1753-4887.1995.TB01534.X
Eileen Kennedy1, Jeanne P. Goldberg1Institutions (1)
27 Apr 2009-Nutrition Reviews
Abstract: As the health and demographic profile of the U.S. population changes, the food consumption patterns of American children have also changed. This review is organized around a series of policy issues looking at these new food consumption patterns, their relationship to the Dietary Guidelines, and their impact on children's health.

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Topics: Public health (55%), Health policy (55%), Population (54%) ... show more

142 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.NUT.2005.07.013
01 Mar 2006-Nutrition
Abstract: Objective We investigated the food consumption patterns of adolescent students at schools. Our findings are intended to reveal the overall nutritional quality of foods eaten by students at school, including foods brought to school and foods purchased at school. Methods A questionnaire was completed by 476 students, mostly from grades 7 and 10, from 14 schools in Cape Town, South Africa. The schools were representative of the various ethnic groups and socioeconomic strata of the population. The questionnaire requested information on eating habits at school, foods brought to school and food purchases, and breakfast consumption before school. We also tested whether students knew which foods are healthy and which are less healthy choices. Results The students were mostly 12 to 16 y of age (mean age 14.5 y). The large majority had breakfast before school (77.8%) and ate at school (79.7%). Food was brought to school by 41% to 56%, whereas 69.3% purchased food at school, mainly at the school store (tuck shop). Predefined “unhealthy” foods brought to school outnumbered “healthy” ones by 2 to 1. Among students who purchased food at school, 70.0% purchased no healthy items, whereas 73.2% purchased two or more unhealthy items. With six foods 84% of students correctly stated whether they were healthy or unhealthy; however, with cola drinks, samoosas (deep-fried pastry with spicy filling), and pies, only 47% to 61% knew that these were less healthy choices. Students’ scores on this question were unrelated to whether they purchased healthy or unhealthy foods. Students who attended schools of high socioeconomic status were twice as likely to bring food to school (64.7% versus 31.0%, P Conclusions The large majority of food eaten by adolescent students in Cape Town is classified as being unhealthy choices. This applies to foods brought to school and food purchases. Consideration needs to be given to policy measures to improve this situation and to improve education of students and their parents.

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Topics: Population (51%)

113 Citations