scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Vibration and Wear Characteristics of Aloevera/Flax/Hemp Woven Fiber Epoxy Composite Reinforced with Wire Mesh and BaSO4

06 Nov 2020-Journal of Natural Fibers (Taylor & Francis)-pp 1-17
TL;DR: In this paper, an experimental investigation on mechanical, vibration, and wear behavior of (aloevera/flax/hemp/wire mesh/BaSO4) laminated composite is presented.
Abstract: These articles presents an experimental investigation on mechanical, vibration, and wear behavior of (aloevera/flax/hemp/wire mesh/BaSO4) laminated composite. The mechanical characterization was pe...
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an overview of the concept of vehicle weight reduction, properties required for composite materials to be used for automotive, most commercially used natural fibres and their use for automotive applications focusing on the matrices for the natural fibre composites (NFCs), natural fibre properties and potential challenges coupled with the use of natural fibre, surface modification methods of some natural fiber being used in the automotive industry and recent advancements in textile fibre-reinforced composites.
Abstract: Environmental stringent norms, weight reduction, and the ever-depleting mode of petroleum resources have stimulated the use of textile-based natural fibres as reinforcement in polymeric composites. Natural fibres play a significant role in the sustainability of an environmentally friendly future. Natural fibres-based composites have fulfilled the environmental norms and contribute to developing lightweight materials with improved mechanical properties in the automotive sector. The automotive industry is yielding substantial steps towards a more environmentally friendly product by adopting textile fibres as a reinforcement for making various automotive parts, such as door panels, boot lining, instrument panel support, sun visor, wheel box, interior insulation, trunk panel, roof cover, and bumper. The growth rate of natural fibre production is increasing day by day. Each year, high energy-consuming products and synthetic fibres-based composites are being replaced by natural fibre-reinforced polymeric composites because natural fibre-based composites have excellent mechanical properties, relatively low cost (one-third of the cost of glass fibre), low density, and recyclability. This review analysis contributes an overview of the concept of vehicle weight reduction, properties required for composite materials to be used for automotive, most commercially used natural fibres and their use for automotive applications focusing on the matrices for the natural fibre composites (NFCs), natural fibre properties and potential challenges coupled with the use of natural fibres, surface modification methods of some natural fibres being used in the automotive industry and recent advancements in textile fibre-reinforced composites. Thermal properties and processing techniques of natural fibre-reinforced composites (NFRC) are also studied.

16 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors provide an overview of the bast fibers and their composites, properties enhancement techniques, overall mechanical behaviours and thermal stability with suitable applications for aeronautical, automobile, construction, chemical, and biomedical applications.
Abstract: Composite materials are revolutionizing to realize the demanding needs of aeronautical, automobile, construction, chemical, and biomedical applications. The natural fiber composite is chosen as one of the best choices among composites due to its sustainable goods like eco-friendly nature, better properties and Greenhouse gas (GHG) balance. Furthermore, the bast fiber composites are identified as promising industrial composites based on the availability, strength-to-weight ratio, manufacturing ease, and economics for commercialization. However, product quality and production volume significantly influence commercial adoption of the bast fiber composites. Especially the product quality primarily suffers due to climatic conditions, damage while harvesting, extraction method, retting issues, and extraction location. Consequently, this review aims to provide an overview of the bast fibers & their composites, properties enhancement techniques, overall mechanical behaviours and thermal stability with suitable applications.

11 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the performance of stainless steel wire mesh-reinforced hydrophilic fiber with epoxy (LY556) and vinyl ester resin was revealed. And the fabricated hybrid composite performances were deliberated through different characterizations such as tensile, hardness, flexural, wear, impact, water absorption and oil absorption as per ASTM standards.
Abstract: Natural fibers become one of the inevitable materials in engineering applications, and they gain popularity among engineers, researchers, and scientists due to their remarkable properties. This paper reveals the performance of stainless steel (SS) wire mesh-reinforced hydrophilic fiber with epoxy (LY556) and vinyl ester resin. Eight different types (H1 to H4 and F1 to F4) of hybrid composites were fabricated with hemp and flax fiber using hand layup technique. The fabricated hybrid composite performances were deliberated through different characterizations such as tensile, hardness, flexural, wear, impact, water absorption and oil absorption as per ASTM standards. The tensile test results depict that hemp/epoxy composite (H2) with wire mesh reinforcement shows 23.4% higher strength than H1 composite; likewise, hemp/vinyl ester composite H4 shows 13.7% higher strength than H3 composite. The flexural strength of the F2 composite has been found to be 11.9% higher than the F1 composite; similarly, composite F4 shows 32.1% higher strength than the F3 composite. The water absorption test clearly indicates that the composites with wire mesh (H2, H4, F2, and F4) absorbs a minimum percentage (29.5% to 31.8%) of water than the composite without wire mesh. The wear analysis shows that the H2 composite requires minimum frictional force (21.6%) than H3 composite. The obtained SEM image confirms the cup and cone fracture of wire mesh, brittle fracture of the matrix, and no evidence of debonding between matrix and wire mesh in the composites.

6 citations

References
More filters
Book
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe a chain transfer characterisation of polymers charge-transfer complexes, charge transfer complexes and charge transfer complexes of charge transfer and charge-Transfer complexes.
Abstract: Cellular Materials Cellulose Cellulose, Biosynthesis Cellulose, Graft Copolymers Cellulose, Microcrystalline Cellulose Derivatives Cellulose Esters, Inorganic Cellulose Esters, Organic Cellulose Ethers Cement Additives Chain-Reaction Polymerization Chain Transfer Characterization of Polymers Charge-Transfer Complexes Chelate- Forming Polymers Chemical Analysis Chemically Resistant Polymers Chitin Chloroprene Polymers Chlorotrifluorethylene Polymers Chromatography Classification of Polymerization Reactions Coating Methods Coatings Coatings, Electrodeposition Cold Forming.

7,256 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 2006-JOM
TL;DR: In the past decade, natural fiber composites with thermoplastic and thermoset matrices have been embraced by European car manufacturers and suppliers for door panels, seat backs, headliners, package trays, dashboards, and interior parts as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: In the past decade, natural-fiber composites with thermoplastic and thermoset matrices have been embraced by European car manufacturers and suppliers for door panels, seat backs, headliners, package trays, dashboards, and interior parts. Natural fibers such as kenaf, hemp, flax, jute, and sisal offer such benefits as reductions in weight, cost, and CO2, less reliance on foreign oil sources, and recyclability. However, several major technical considerations must be addressed before the engineering, scientific, and commercial communities gain the confidence to enable wide-scale acceptance, particularly in exterior parts where a Class A surface finish is required. Challenges include the homogenization of the fiber's properties and a full understanding of the degree of polymerization and crystallization, adhesion between the fiber and matrix, moisture repellence, and flame-retardant properties, to name but a few.

1,272 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Various fabrication techniques employed for the production of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites are discussed and a detailed review of the research devoted to the analysis of their structure and properties by a variety of characterization techniques are presented.

957 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the tensile properties of polypropylene (PP) reinforced with short glass fibers (SGF) and short carbon fibers (SCF) were investigated with extrusion compounding and injection molding techniques.
Abstract: Composites of polypropylene (PP) reinforced with short glass fibers (SGF) and short carbon fibers (SCF) were prepared with extrusion compounding and injection molding techniques. The tensile properties of these composites were investigated. It was noted that an increase in fiber volume fraction led to a decrease in mean fiber length as observed previously. The relationship between mean fiber length and fiber volume fraction was described by a proper exponential function with an offset. The tensile strength and modulus of SGF/PP and SCF/PP composites were studied taking into account the combined effect of fiber volume fraction and mean fiber length. The results about the composite strength and modulus were interpreted using the modified rule of mixtures equations by introducing two fiber efficiency factors, respectively, for the composite strength and modulus. It was found that for both types of composites the fiber efficiency factors decreased with increasing fiber volume fraction and the more brittle fiber namely carbon fiber corresponded to the lower fiber efficiency factors than glass fiber. Meanwhile, it was noted that the fiber efficiency factor for the composite modulus was much higher than that for the composite strength. Moreover, it was observed that the tensile failure strain of the composites decreased with the increase of fiber volume fraction. An empirical but good relationship of the composite failure strain with fiber volume fraction, fiber length and fiber radius was established.

717 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors concisely review raw natural fiber/polymer matrix composites with particular focus on their mechanical properties, including specific specific strength, low density, high toughness, good thermal properties, and biodegradability.

604 citations