scispace - formally typeset

Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänslighet och neurologisk sjukdom - en kunskapsöversikt

01 Jan 1998-

AboutThe article was published on 1998-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 5 citation(s) till now.

...read more

Content maybe subject to copyright    Report

Citations
More filters

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Annoyance related to electrical and/or chemical factors was common in a Swedish population and the association with subjective health and functional capacity increased with severity of annoyance, which suggests that there is some connection between environmental annoyance, well-being andfunctional capacity.
Abstract: Summary Background Self-reported annoyance from electrical equipment has been in evidence since the mid-1980s, and the first reports of illness from everyday chemicals arose in the 1960s. However, the extent of the problem has not yet been fully established. Aims The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of annoyance related to electrical and chemical factors in a Swedish general population, and to assess possible relationships with subjective health and daily functioning. Methods In total, 13,604 subjects, representative of the population of Scania, Sweden, answered a survey containing five questions regarding annoyance from five environmental factors: fluorescent tube lighting, visual display units, other electrical equipment, air that smells of chemicals, and other smells. The survey also obtained data on self-reported health (SRH-7), mental well-being [General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12], work situation and daily functioning. Results Almost one-third of the respondents reported annoyance from at least one environmental factor. Annoyance was more frequent among women, subjects of working age and immigrants. Subjects who reported environmental annoyance scored higher on GHQ-12 and lower on SRH-7, indicating impaired subjective physical and mental well-being. They were also more likely to report deteriorated daily functioning. Conclusions Annoyance related to electrical and/or chemical factors was common in a Swedish population. Subjects reporting environmental annoyance rated their overall health significantly poorer than the general population. The association with subjective health and functional capacity increased with severity of annoyance, which suggests that there is some connection between environmental annoyance, well-being and functional capacity.

76 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The prevalence of symptoms in the Swedish population was found to accord with results in studies based on different kinds of samples, and SBS symptoms, skin symptoms, and symptoms similar to those reported by individuals with ``electric hypersensitivity'' were significantly more prevalent among employees with extensive VDU usage.
Abstract: Aims: Health problems associated with indoor environments have been reported and discussed extensively during the past few decades, not least in Sweden. There is, however, great uncertainty concerning the background prevalence of the symptoms in question. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of general, mucosal, and skin symptoms in the Swedish population. Methods: A survey comprising 3,000 randomly selected Swedes, age 18—64, was carried out. The survey addressed 25 symptoms, principally general, mucosal, and skin symptoms. A number of other areas were covered and individual data registered at Statistics Sweden were added. The response rate was 70% (2,154 cases). Results: The prevalence of symptoms in the Swedish population was found to accord with results in studies based on different kinds of samples. Women reported significantly more single symptoms, as well as sets of symptoms, than men. There was no clear connection between age and symptoms. The prevalence of sym...

45 citations


Cites background from "Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänsl..."

  • ...A number of studies have found a positive association between amount of VDU work and selfreported skin symptoms, but no specific VDUrelated skin disorder has been found in clinical studies [23]....

    [...]

  • ...Electromagnetic fields, flickering light, and stress have been suggested as the link between extensive VDU work and health complaints [23]....

    [...]


Book
01 Jan 1997
Abstract: This is a summary of the knowledge on astroglial-neuronal interaction in glutamate neurotransmission, especially focusing on astroglial contributions to synaptic dynamics. It briefly addresses different topics such as membrane receptors and signal transduction systems on astroglia and the expression of some ion channels and glutamate carriers.

7 citations


01 Jan 2002

5 citations


Cites background from "Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänsl..."

  • ...I ett antal provokationsstudier i Sverige och utomlands har man inte lyckats finna någon korrelation mellan elöverkänsligas exponering för elektronmagnetiska fält och symptomförekomst (för en översikt se (13))....

    [...]

  • ...Detta är i överensstämmelse med de diskussioner som förts vid studier av elöverkänsliga (13; 88; 113; 132)....

    [...]



References
More filters


Journal ArticleDOI
29 Dec 1969-JAMA
TL;DR: The facial skin of white persons has been assessed throughout the human life span for the severity of elasticfiber changes as an indicator of sunlight damage, and sunlight, not innate aging, is mainly responsible for the worst manifestation of senile skin.
Abstract: The facial skin of white persons has been assessed throughout the human life span for the severity of elasticfiber changes as an indicator of sunlight damage. Elastic hyperplasia began as early as the first decade and was clearly evident in a majority of young adults before the age of 30. Beyond the fourth decade most persons had serious elastic-tissue abnormalities culminating in massive degeneration. The elastotic changes were quite advanced before the extensiveness of the damage became visible clinically. The unexposed skin of the buttock exhibited only a slight increase in elastic fibers in old age. The degree of elastic-tissue damage in different regions of the face was in relation to the amount of sunlight these received, greatest on the ear rim and cheek, least under the chin and eyebrows. Sunlight, not innate aging, is mainly responsible for the worst manifestation of senile skin.

342 citations


"Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänsl..." refers background in this paper

  • ...avseende deponering av radondöttrar i olika elektrostatiska fält) vid bildskärmar har dock avvisats i några äldre undersökningar (10, 21, 47), och det har då också påpekats att fynden av aktinisk elastos sannolikt är normala för dessa åldersgrupper - på grund av solens inverkan (79)....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It was concluded that symptoms included in SBS are common in the general population, and of multifactorial origin related to both personal, occupational, and residential factors, and certain environmental exposures such as maternal smoking, the urban environment, VDU work, and volatile organic hydrocarbons from newly painted dwellings.
Abstract: Possible relations between prevalence of sick building syndrome (SBS) and environmental, occupational, and personal factors were studied in a random sample (0.1%) of the general population aged 20-65 in a three county region in middle Sweden. Childhood exposure to environmental tobacco smoke from smoking mothers and a childhood in urban areas was related to SBS symptoms. Current urban residency, fresh paint, and preschool children in the dwelling were also related to symptoms. Other residential factors such as age of building, type of building, degree of crowding, mechanical ventilation, or signs of moisture or mould growth were not related to symptoms. Other factors related to symptoms were history of atopy, allergy to nickel, proneness to infection, hyperreactivity, static electricity, work with video display units (VDU), work satisfaction, and climate of cooperation at work. Age, sex, marital state, education level, work stress, obesity, current or earlier smoking, regular physical exercise, or occupational exposure to chemicals did not correlate with symptoms. Women had a higher proportion of symptoms than men but these differences were not significant when adjusting for differences in allergy to nickel, hyperreactivity, and proneness to infection. Maternal smoking was related to a twofold increase of both atopy and allergy to nickel in the adult offspring. Eye symptoms were most common in administrative, managerial, and service work. Airway symptoms were most common in transport and communication work. Dermal symptoms were most common in professional and technical and related work. General symptoms were most common in service, health, hospital, and social work. The lowest prevalence of symptoms was found in agricultural, forestry, and sales work. Women and subjects allergic to nickel worked more often in occupations without exposure to chemicals, but no evidence was found for selection mechanisms causing sensitive persons to move from exposed to unexposed occupations. It was concluded that symptoms included in SBS are common in the general population, and of multifactorial origin related to both personal, occupational, and residential factors, and certain environmental exposures such as maternal smoking, the urban environment, VDU work, and volatile organic hydrocarbons from newly painted dwellings.

168 citations


"Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänsl..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Som ovan redan berörts, rapporterade de flesta av dessa studier att hudsymtom och anförda besvär var vanligare bland dem som utförde bildskärmsarbete än bland dem som inte gjorde detta (17, 31, 83, 109, 142) - i flertalet av dessa studier utfördes också viss justering för andra tänkbara orsaksfaktorer....

    [...]

  • ...Även Norbäck och medarbetare (109) fann vissa möjliga samband mellan hudproblem och olika psykologiska eller sociala faktorer....

    [...]


01 Jan 1997

161 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...till ett nyligen producerat kriteriedokument (116)....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Analysis of data from three independent clinical series and controls indicates an association between working in occupations with probable medium to high exposure to extremely low frequency (< 300 Hz) electromagnetic fields and sporadic Alzheimer's disease.
Abstract: The authors present analyses of data from three independent clinical series and controls indicating an association between working in occupations with probable medium to high exposure to extremely low frequency ( 10 mG intermittently) to high (> 10 mG or > 100 mG intermittently) exposed cases were seamstress, dressmaker, and tailor. The results appear to be independent of education, and the sex-combined odds ratios for the three series are quite homogeneous: 2.9, 3.1, and 3.0. The odds ratio for the three series analyzed together is 3.0 (p < 0.001), with a 95% confidence interval of 1.6-5.4. The odds ratio for women is 3.8 (p < 0.001), with a 95% confidence interval of 1.7-8.6. The most obvious, possibly etiologically relevant exposure is that of electromagnetic fields, which may have biologic plausibility because they may adversely influence calcium homeostasis and/or inappropriately activate immune system cells such as microglial cells, initiating events that result in neuronal degeneration.

149 citations


"Elektromagnetiska fält, elöverkänsl..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Sobel och medarbetare (135) rapporterade 1995 om ett möjligt samband mellan exponering för elektromagnetiska fält och risk att utveckla Alzheimers sjukdom....

    [...]