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Journal ArticleDOI

Mode-locked 2 μm laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber

Qing Wang, Jihong Geng, Tao Luo, Shibin Jiang 
01 Dec 2009-Optics Letters (Optical Society of America)-Vol. 34, Iss: 23, pp 3616-3618

TL;DR: This is the first demonstration of mode-locked 2 mum fiber laser using shorter than 1-m-long active fiber, which paves the way for the demonstration ofmode-locked fiber laser at 2 mum with gigahertz fundamental repetition rate.

AbstractWe report self-starting passively mode-locked fiber lasers with a saturable absorber mirror using a piece of 30-cm-long newly developed highly thulium (Tm)-doped silicate glass fibers. The mode-locked pulses operate at 1980 nm with duration of 1.5 ps and energy of 0.76 nJ. This newly developed Tm-doped silicate fiber exhibits a slope efficiency of 68.3%, an amplified spontaneous emission spectrum bandwidth (FWHM) of 92 nm, and a gain per unit length of greater than 2 dB/cm. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first demonstration of mode-locked 2 μm fiber laser using shorter than 1-m-long active fiber, which paves the way for the demonstration of mode-locked fiber laser at 2 μm with gigahertz fundamental repetition rate.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work demonstrates mode-locking of a thulium-doped fiber laser operating at 1.94 μm, using a graphene-polymer based saturable absorber, which is a simple, low-cost, stable and convenient laser oscillator for applications where eye-safe and low-photon-energy light sources are required.
Abstract: We demonstrate mode-locking of a thulium-doped fiber laser operating at 1.94\mu m, using a graphene-based saturable absorber. The laser outputs 3.6ps pulses, with~0.4nJ energy and an amplitude fluctuation~0.5%, at 6.46MHz. This is a simple, low-cost, stable and convenient laser oscillator for applications where eye-safe and low-photon-energy light sources are required, such as sensing and biomedical diagnostics

240 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We demonstrate mode-locking of a thulium-doped fiber laser operating at 1.94 μm, using a graphene-polymer based saturable absorber. The laser outputs 3.6 ps pulses, with ~0.4 nJ energy and an amplitude fluctuation ~0.5%, at 6.46 MHz. This is a simple, low-cost, stable and convenient laser oscillator for applications where eye-safe and low-photon-energy light sources are required, such as sensing and biomedical diagnostics.

236 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results of this experiment confirm that WS2 can be used as an effective broadband saturable absorption material that is suitable to passively generate pulses at 2 μm wavelengths.
Abstract: We demonstrate the use of an all-fiberized, mode-locked 1.94 μm laser with a saturable absorption device based on a tungsten disulfide (WS2)-deposited side-polished fiber. The WS2 particles were prepared via liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) without centrifugation. A series of measurements including Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the prepared particles had thick nanostructures of more than 5 layers. The prepared saturable absorption device used the evanescent field interaction mechanism between the oscillating beam and WS2 particles and its modulation depth was measured to be ~10.9% at a wavelength of 1925 nm. Incorporating the WS2-based saturable absorption device into a thulium-holmium co-doped fiber ring cavity, stable mode-locked pulses with a temporal width of ~1.3 ps at a repetition rate of 34.8 MHz were readily obtained at a wavelength of 1941 nm. The results of this experiment confirm that WS2 can be used as an effective broadband saturable absorption material that is suitable to passively generate pulses at 2 μm wavelengths.

140 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first 2 µm region NOLM-based mode-locked fiber laser operating at two regimes with the highest single pulse energy for NL pulses.
Abstract: A self-starting all-fiber passively mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear loop mirror (NOLM) is demonstrated. Stable soliton pulses centered at 2017.33 nm with 1.56 nm FWHM were produced at a repetition rate of 1.514 MHz with pulse duration of 2.8 ps and pulse energy of 83.8 pJ. As increased pump power, the oscillator can also operate at noise-like (NL) regime. Stable NL pulses with coherence spike width of 341 fs and pulse energy of up to 249.32 nJ was achieved at a center wavelength of 2017.24 nm with 21.33 nm FWHM. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 2 μm region NOLM-based mode-locked fiber laser operating at two regimes with the highest single pulse energy for NL pulses.

122 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This is the shortest reported pulse duration achieved from a Tm-doped laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber and such cost-effective and stable fiber lasers might be considered as sources for mid-infrared spectroscopy and remote sensing.
Abstract: We report an all-fiber Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber. The laser emits 1.2 ps pulses at 1884 nm center wavelength with 4 nm of bandwidth and 20.5 MHz mode spacing. The graphene layers were grown on copper foils by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and transferred onto the fiber connector end. Up to date this is the shortest reported pulse duration achieved from a Tm-doped laser mode-locked by graphene saturable absorber. Such cost-effective and stable fiber lasers might be considered as sources for mid-infrared spectroscopy and remote sensing.

109 citations


References
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We report a ring-cavity thulium fiber laser mode locked with a single-wall carbon nanotube absorber used in transmission. A carboxymethyl cellulose polymer film with incorporated carbon nanotubes synthesized by the arc discharge method has an absorption coinciding with in the amplification bandwidth of a Tm-doped fiber. This laser is pumped by an erbium fiber laser at 1.57 μm wavelength and produces a 37 MHz train of mode-locked 1.32 ps pulses at 1.93 μm wavelength with an average output power of 3.4 mW.

363 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We report an additive‐pulse mode‐locked (APM) thulium‐doped fiber ring laser producing 350–500 fs pulses tunable from 1798 to 1902 nm. The laser operates in the soliton regime, where periodic perturbations cause predictable sidebands and modulation in the optical spectrum.

230 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
R. C. Sharp1, D.E. Spock1, N. Pan1, J. Elliot1
02 Jun 1996
TL;DR: A self-starting passively mode-locked thulium-doped silica fiber laser capable of 190-fs pulses is reported, achieved with a band-gap-engineered saturable absorber fabricated monolithically along with the output coupler of the laser by MOCVD.
Abstract: Summary form only given. We report a self-starting passively mode-locked thulium-doped silica fiber laser capable of 190-fs pulses. Mode-locking of the fiber laser was achieved with a band-gap-engineered saturable absorber fabricated monolithically along with the output coupler of the laser by MOCVD. Stable, single-pulse-in-the-cavity mode-locking was observed for a 2-m-long fiber laser utilizing a nanosecond response strained InGaAs detector.

194 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Stabilization of a thulium-holmium codoped fiber soliton laser with a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes with transform-limited 750-fs pulses with 0.5-nJ energy is reported.
Abstract: We report stabilization of a thulium-holmium codoped fiber soliton laser with a saturable absorber based on carbon nanotubes. The laser generates transform-limited 750-fs pulses with 0.5-nJ energy.

187 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A 64 W fiber laser at 1.9 microm with a slope efficiency of 68% with respect to the launching pump power at 800 nm was demonstrated in a one-end pump configuration using a piece of 20 cm long newly developed thulium-doped germanate glass double-cladding single-mode fiber.
Abstract: A 64 W fiber laser at 1.9 μm with a slope efficiency of 68% with respect to the launching pump power at 800 nm was demonstrated in a one-end pump configuration using a piece of 20 cm long newly developed thulium-doped germanate glass double-cladding single-mode fiber. A quantum efficiency of 1.8 was achieved. An output laser power of 104 W at 1.9 μm was demonstrated from a piece of 40 cm long fiber with a dual-end pump configuration.

179 citations