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Peng Yu

Bio: Peng Yu is an academic researcher from Southern University of Science and Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Medicine & Computer science. The author has an hindex of 47, co-authored 247 publications receiving 8190 citations. Previous affiliations of Peng Yu include South University of Science and Technology of China & Chinese Academy of Sciences.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Room-temperature ferroelectricity in 2D CuInP2S6 (CIPS) with a transition temperature of ∼320 K is reported and switchable polarization is observed in thin CIPS of ∼4 nm.
Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) materials have emerged as promising candidates for various optoelectronic applications based on their diverse electronic properties, ranging from insulating to superconducting. However, cooperative phenomena such as ferroelectricity in the 2D limit have not been well explored. Here, we report room-temperature ferroelectricity in 2D CuInP2S6 (CIPS) with a transition temperature of ∼320 K. Switchable polarization is observed in thin CIPS of ∼4 nm. To demonstrate the potential of this 2D ferroelectric material, we prepare a van der Waals (vdW) ferroelectric diode formed by CIPS/Si heterostructure, which shows good memory behaviour with on/off ratio of ∼100. The addition of ferroelectricity to the 2D family opens up possibilities for numerous novel applications, including sensors, actuators, non-volatile memory devices, and various vdW heterostructures based on 2D ferroelectricity. Two dimensional materials are promising for electronic applications, which await the exploration of cooperative phenomena. Here, Liu et al. report switchable ferroelectric polarization in thin CuInP2S6film at room temperature, demonstrating good memory behaviour with on/off ratio of ∼100 based on two-dimensional ferroelectricity.

559 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The electrical and optical measurements show distinct layer-dependent semiconductor-to-semimetal evolution of 2D layered PtSe2 and the high room-temperature electron mobility and near-infrared photo-response, together with much better air-stability, make Pt Se2 a versatile electronic2D layered material.
Abstract: The electrical and optical measurements, in combination with density functional theory calculations, show distinct layer-dependent semiconductor-to-semimetal evolution of 2D layered PtSe2 . The high room-temperature electron mobility and near-infrared photo-response, together with much better air-stability, make PtSe2 a versatile electronic 2D layered material.

511 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Field-effect transistors made from the few-layer PdSe2 display tunable ambipolar charge carrier conduction with a high electron field-effect mobility of ∼158 cm2 V-1 s-1, indicating the promise of this anisotropic, air-stable, pentagonal 2D material for 2D electronics.
Abstract: Most studied two-dimensional (2D) materials exhibit isotropic behavior due to high lattice symmetry; however, lower-symmetry 2D materials such as phosphorene and other elemental 2D materials exhibit very interesting anisotropic properties. In this work, we report the atomic structure, electronic properties, and vibrational modes of few-layered PdSe2 exfoliated from bulk crystals, a pentagonal 2D layered noble transition metal dichalcogenide with a puckered morphology that is air-stable. Micro-absorption optical spectroscopy and first-principles calculations reveal a wide band gap variation in this material from 0 (bulk) to 1.3 eV (monolayer). The Raman-active vibrational modes of PdSe2 were identified using polarized Raman spectroscopy, and a strong interlayer interaction was revealed from large, thickness-dependent Raman peak shifts, agreeing with first-principles Raman simulations. Field-effect transistors made from the few-layer PdSe2 display tunable ambipolar charge carrier conduction with a high elec...

471 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Platinum disulfide (PtS2), a new member of the group-10 transition-metal dichalcogenides, is studied experimentally and theoretically and can be explained by strongly interlayer interaction from the pz orbital hybridization of S atoms.
Abstract: Platinum disulfide (PtS2 ), a new member of the group-10 transition-metal dichalcogenides, is studied experimentally and theoretically. The indirect bandgap of PtS2 can be drastically tuned from 1.6 eV (monolayer) to 0.25 eV (bulk counterpart), and the interlayer mechanical coupling is almost isotropic. It can be explained by strongly interlayer interaction from the pz orbital hybridization of S atoms.

419 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A 3D catalyst, composed of nanoparticles of CoFe alloy embedded in N-doped carbon nanotubes tangled with reduced graphene oxide, was developed, which presents appreciable ORR/OER activity when applied in a Zn-air battery.
Abstract: Low-cost, efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts are needed to mediate the oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions (ORR/OER) in Zn-air batteries. Such catalysts should offer binary active sites and an ability to transfer oxygen-based species and electrons. A 3D catalyst, composed of nanoparticles of CoFe alloy embedded in N-doped carbon nanotubes tangled with reduced graphene oxide, was developed, which presents appreciable ORR/OER activity when applied in a Zn-air battery. A high open-circuit voltage of 1.43 V, a stable discharge voltage of 1.22 V, a high energy efficiency of 60.1 %, and excellent stability after 1 600 cycles at 10 mA cm-2 are demonstrated. An all-solid-state battery had an outstanding lifetime and high cell efficiency even upon bending. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy revealed that OOH* and O* intermediates induce variations in the Fe-Fe and Co-Co bond lengths, respectively, suggesting that Fe and Co species are crucial to the ORR/OER processes.

355 citations


Cited by
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01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.

29,323 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, a fast Fourier transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed to discriminate between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour generation techniques.
Abstract: A fast-Fourier-transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed. By computer processing of a noncontour type of fringe pattern, automatic discrimination is achieved between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour-generation techniques. The method has advantages over moire topography and conventional fringe-contour interferometry in both accuracy and sensitivity. Unlike fringe-scanning techniques, the method is easy to apply because it uses no moving components.

3,742 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The unique advances on ultrathin 2D nanomaterials are introduced, followed by the description of their composition and crystal structures, and the assortments of their synthetic methods are summarized.
Abstract: Since the discovery of mechanically exfoliated graphene in 2004, research on ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials has grown exponentially in the fields of condensed matter physics, material science, chemistry, and nanotechnology. Highlighting their compelling physical, chemical, electronic, and optical properties, as well as their various potential applications, in this Review, we summarize the state-of-art progress on the ultrathin 2D nanomaterials with a particular emphasis on their recent advances. First, we introduce the unique advances on ultrathin 2D nanomaterials, followed by the description of their composition and crystal structures. The assortments of their synthetic methods are then summarized, including insights on their advantages and limitations, alongside some recommendations on suitable characterization techniques. We also discuss in detail the utilization of these ultrathin 2D nanomaterials for wide ranges of potential applications among the electronics/optoelectronics, electrocat...

3,628 citations