About: Ultrasonics is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Ultrasonic sensor & Transducer. It has an ISSN identifier of 0041-624X. Over the lifetime, 5843 publication(s) have been published receiving 126867 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The paper describes the use of synthetic aperture (SA) imaging in medical ultrasound, where data is acquired simultaneously from all directions over a number of emissions, and the full image can be reconstructed from this data.
Abstract: The paper describes the use of synthetic aperture (SA) imaging in medical ultrasound. SA imaging is a radical break with today's commercial systems, where the image is acquired sequentially one image line at a time. This puts a strict limit on the frame rate and the possibility of acquiring a sufficient amount of data for high precision flow estimation. These constrictions can be lifted by employing SA imaging. Here data is acquired simultaneously from all directions over a number of emissions, and the full image can be reconstructed from this data. The paper demonstrates the many benefits of SA imaging. Due to the complete data set, it is possible to have both dynamic transmit and receive focusing to improve contrast and resolution. It is also possible to improve penetration depth by employing codes during ultrasound transmission. Data sets for vector flow imaging can be acquired using short imaging sequences, whereby both the correct velocity magnitude and angle can be estimated. A number of examples of both phantom and in vivo SA images will be presented measured by the experimental ultrasound scanner RASMUS to demonstrate the many benefits of SA imaging.
Abstract: The detection of corrosion in insulated pipes is of major importance to the oil and chemical industries. Current methods involving point-by-point inspection are expensive because of the need to remove the insulation. An alternative method which is being developed at Imperial College is to propagate guided waves in the walls of the pipes, and to look for reflections from defects. The test configuration is essentially pulse-echo; the insulation is removed at just one location on a pipe and the signals are then transmitted and received using a single transducer unit. The technique is currently undergoing field trials. This paper presents a review of the studies of the propagation of the waves and their sensitivity to defects which have been conducted in order to provide a sound scientific basis for the method. Issues of importance were the selection of the optimum guided wave modes and the establishment of relationships between the defect size and the strength of wave reflection. Analytical and numerical studies were conducted in parallel with an extensive experimental programme.
TL;DR: A theoretical model is developed for some acoustic properties, particularly the scatter and absorption, of this contrast agent, considering the individual microspheres as air bubbles surrounded by a thin shell, and it is concluded that the model correlates well with these acoustic measurements.
Abstract: Albunex is an ultrasound contrast agent for use in echocardiology and other areas. It is capable of passing the lung circulation after intravenous injection. A theoretical model is developed for some acoustic properties, particularly the scatter and absorption, of this contrast agent, considering the individual microspheres as air bubbles surrounded by a thin shell. The attenuation, the sum of absorption and scatter, of this contrast medium is measured with five transducers to cover the frequency range from 700 kHz to 8.5 MHz. It is concluded that the model correlates well with these acoustic measurements. When Albunex is used intravenously the backscatter enhancement in the left ventricle is caused mainly by the microspheres with diameters between 5 and 8 microns.
TL;DR: Theoretical and experimental issues of acquiring dispersion curves for bars of arbitrary cross-section for guided waves have great potential for being applied to the rapid non-destructive evaluation of large structures such as rails in the railroad industry.
Abstract: Theoretical and experimental issues of acquiring dispersion curves for bars of arbitrary cross-section are discussed. Since a guided wave can propagate over long distances in a structure, guided waves have great potential for being applied to the rapid non-destructive evaluation of large structures such as rails in the railroad industry. Such fundamental data as phase velocity, group velocity, and wave structure for each guided wave mode is presented for structures with complicated cross-sectional geometries as rail. Phase velocity and group velocity dispersion curves are obtained for bars with an arbitrary cross-section using a semi-analytical finite element method. Since a large number of propagating modes with close phase velocities exist, dispersion curves consisting of only dominant modes are obtained by calculating the displacement at a received point for each mode. These theoretical dispersion curves agree in characteristic parts with the experimental dispersion curves obtained by a two-dimensional Fourier transform technique.
Abstract: It is shown that a diffuse field is not devoid of phase information, but has a correlation function equal to the Green's function. More specifically, the cross-correlation between diffuse signals in two transducers is very nearly equal to the direct response of one transducer to an impulse applied to the other. This is true whether the diffuse field is one that was created by a distant source, or (if the detectors are sufficiently sensitive) created by thermal fluctuations in the specimen. Here we outline and review proofs, and laboratory demonstrations, from three recent archival publications.
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