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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/D0NR08777G

Synthesis of nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide/cobalt-zinc ferrite composite aerogels with superior compression recovery and electromagnetic wave absorption performance.

04 Mar 2021-Nanoscale (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC))-Vol. 13, Iss: 8, pp 4485-4495
Abstract: Graphene aerogels possessing a three-dimensional (3D) porous netlike structure, good electrical conductivity and ultralow density have been widely regarded as a promising candidate for high-efficiency electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption. Herein, nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide/cobalt-zinc ferrite (NRGO/Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4) composite aerogels were synthesized through a solvothermal and subsequent hydrothermal self-assembly two-step method. The results of micromorphology analysis showed that the 3D networks were well constructed through the partial stacking of adjacent NRGO sheets, which were decorated with numerous Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 microspheres. The as-synthesized NRGO/Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 composite aerogels have a very low density (12.1-14.6 mg cm-3) and good compression recovery. Moreover, excellent EMW absorption performance could be achieved through facilely regulating the additive volume of ethylenediamine (i.e. nitrogen doping contents) and filler contents. Impressively, the composite aerogel with a doped nitrogen content of 2.5 wt% displayed the optimal minimum reflection loss (RLmin) of -66.8 dB in the X-band at a thickness of 2.6 mm and the broadest effective absorption bandwidth of 5.0 GHz under an ultrathin thickness of merely 1.6 mm. Meanwhile, the RLmin of NRGO/Co0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 composite aerogels below -20 dB could be reached in almost the whole tested thickness range (1.4-5.0 mm). Additionally, the potential EMW absorption mechanisms were revealed, which was mainly due to the unique 3D porous netlike structure, synergistic effects among conduction loss, magnetic resonance loss and polarization loss, as well as the balanced attenuation capacity and impedance matching. It was believed that this work provided an alternative way for fabricating strong mechanical graphene-based 3D magnetic/dielectric composites as light-weight and high-efficiency EMW absorbers.

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Topics: Graphene (52%), Reflection loss (52%), Absorption (electromagnetic radiation) (51%) ... read more
Citations
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12 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JCIS.2021.05.055
Xun Meng1, Wenjuan Lei1, Weiwei Yang1, Yequn Liu2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The sufficient interface contact in the composite absorbing material is beneficial to increase the dielectric loss and promote the microwave absorption performance. In this paper, the composite nanoparticles (NPs), Fe3O4 covered with ultra-thin carbon layer (Fe3O4/C), were synthesized by simple high temperature solution-phase and subsequent high-temperature steam carbonization methods. Small size Fe3O4/C composite NPs have large heterogeneous interfaces, which can control the polarization loss of composite NPs through the method of interface regulation and achieve high microwave absorption performance. The strongest reflection loss of the composite NPs with an average particle size of 52 nm can reach −58.5 dB at 14.88 GHz with a thickness of 2 mm, and the corresponding effective absorption (RL ≤ -10 dB) bandwidth (EAB) is 5.63 GHz (12.37–18 GHz). In particular, the high-efficiency absorption (RL ≤ -20 dB) bandwidth of Fe3O4/C can reach 15.44 GHz (2–17.44 GHz) with a thickness of 1.7–10 mm. The current method for controlling polarization loss provide a meaningful reference for future microwave absorption research.

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Topics: Absorption (electromagnetic radiation) (56%), Reflection loss (56%), Microwave (53%) ... read more

14 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JCIS.2021.06.029
Lanlan Deng1, Jiabin Zhang1, Ruiwen Shu1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Developing light-weight and high-efficiency electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorbers has been considered as an effective strategy to resolve the electromagnetic radiation pollution problem. Herein, nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide/tin oxide (NRGO/SnO2) composite aerogels were facilely prepared through the hydrothermal process and subsequent lyophilization treatment. Morphological characterization results manifested that the attained NRGO/SnO2 composite aerogels possessed unique three-dimensional (3D) porous network structure constituted by the tiny SnO2 nanoparticles decorated wrinkled surfaces of flake-like NRGO. Moreover, excellent EMW absorption performance could be achieved through facilely regulating the additive volumes of ethylenediamine and filler contents. Impressively, the composite aerogel with a doped nitrogen concentration of 6.5 wt% displayed the optimal minimum reflection loss of −62.3 dB at a matching thickness of 3.5 mm and the broadest effective absorption bandwidth of 5.1 GHz under an ultrathin thickness of merely 1.6 mm. Furthermore, the as-synthesized composite aerogels showed a light-weight characteristic with the low bulk density of 19.9–25.7 mg·cm−3. Additionally, the potential EMW absorption mechanisms of obtained composite aerogels were revealed, which were mainly ascribed to the unique 3D porous network structure, synergistic effects between conduction loss and polarization loss, as well as the balanced attenuation loss and impedance matching. This work could be valuable for the structural design and fabrication of 3D graphene-based dielectric composites as light-weight and high-efficiency EMW absorbers.

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Topics: Graphene (53%), Tin oxide (52%), Reflection loss (52%) ... read more

5 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.1C00302
Wenqian Yan1, Yiming Liu1, Gaofeng Shao2, Zhu Kunmeng1  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: An acidified SnO2/rGO aerogel (ASGA) is an attractive contributor in ethanol gas sensing under ultralow concentration because of the sufficient active sites and adsorption pores in SnO2 and the rGA, respectively. Furthermore, a p-n heterojunction is successfully constructed by the high electron mobility between ASP and rGA to establish a brand-new bandgap of 2.72 eV, where more electrons are released and the surface energy is decreased, to improve the gas sensitivity. The ASGA owns a specific surface area of 256.1 m2/g, far higher than SnO2 powder (68.7 m2/g), indicating an excellent adsorption performance, so it can acquire more ethanol gas for a redox reaction. For gas-sensing ability, the ASGA exhibits an excellent response of Ra/Rg = 137.4 to 20 ppm of ethanol at the optimum temperature of 210 °C and can reach a response of 1.2 even at the limit detection concentration of 0.25 ppm. After the concentration gradient change test, a nonlinear increase between concentration and sensitivity (S-C curve) is observed, and it indirectly proves the chemical adsorption between ethanol and ASGA, which exhibits charge transfer and improves electron mobility. In addition, a detailed energy band diagram and sensor response diagram jointly depict the gas-sensitive mechanism. Finally, a conversed calculation explains the feasibility of the nonlinear S-C curve from the atomic level, which further verifies the chemical adsorption during the sensing process.

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Topics: Adsorption (56%), Surface energy (52%), Specific surface area (51%) ... read more

3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.COMPOSITESB.2021.109423
Ruiwen Shu1, Xiaohui Li1, Konghu Tian1, Jianjun Shi1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Developing strong absorption and broadband microwave absorbers derived from metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) still remains a big challenge in the field of microwave absorption. Herein, iron zinc bimetallic metal-organic frameworks/reduced graphene oxide (FeZn-MOFs/RGO) precursors derived ferroferric oxide/carbon (Fe3O4/C) decorated graphene composites were fabricated via a solvothermal and carbonization two-step strategy. It was found that the morphology of carbon frameworks could be regulated from the traditional regular octahedron to the pomegranate shape by simply adjusting the molar ratios of Fe3+ to Zn2+ in the precursors. Moreover, results revealed that the molar ratios of Fe3+ to Zn2+ had notable effects on the electromagnetic parameters and microwave attenuation capacity of attained composites. Significantly, the obtained composites with the molar ratio of Fe3+ to Zn2+ of 1:2 presented the optimal electromagnetic attenuation performance, i.e. the minimum reflection loss achieved −79.0 dB with a matching thickness of 2.76 mm and effective absorption bandwidth was as high as 5.8 GHz under a thin thickness of 1.8 mm and low filling ratio of 20.0 wt%. Additionally, the potential microwave dissipation mechanisms were illuminated. Therefore, our results would shed light on the development of high-efficiency and broadband microwave absorbing composites derived MOFs.

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Topics: Graphene (54%), Microwave (53%), Absorption (electromagnetic radiation) (51%) ... read more

2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JCIS.2021.10.112
Abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) graphene aerogels with porous structure and lightweight feature have been regarded as promising candidates for microwave attenuation. Herein, nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide/cerium oxide (NRGO/CeO2) composite aerogels were fabricated via a hydrothermal route. The obtained composite aerogels possessed low bulk density and unique 3D porous netlike structure constructed by the stacking of lamellar NRGO. Moreover, it was found that the microwave dissipation performance of NRGO aerogel could be notably improved through complexing with CeO2 nanoparticles and carefully regulating the contents of CeO2 in the composite aerogels. Remarkably, the attained NRGO/CeO2 composite aerogel with the content of CeO2 of 44.11 wt.% presented the comprehensively excellent microwave attenuation capacity, i.e. the optimal reflection loss reached -50.0 dB (larger than 99.999% absorption) at a thickness of 4.0 mm and wide bandwidth achieved 5.7 GHz (from 12.3 GHz to 18.0 GHz, covering 95.0% of Ku-band) under an ultrathin thickness of only 1.9 mm. Furthermore, the probable microwave dissipation mechanisms of as-synthesized composite aerogels were clarified, which included the optimized impedance matching, strengthened interfacial polarization and dipole polarization relaxation, notable oxygen vacancy effect and enhanced conduction loss. This work could shed light on developing graphene-based 3D broadband microwave absorption composites.

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Topics: Graphene (54%), Aerogel (52%), Cerium oxide (51%) ... read more

1 Citations


References
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67 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADMA.200306460
Renchao Che1, Lian-Mao Peng, Xiaofeng Duan2, Qing Chen1  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
05 Mar 2004-Advanced Materials
Abstract: CNT/crystalline Fe nanocomposites (see Figure) have excellent microwave-absorption characteristics. This absorption property is shown to result from the confinement of crystalline Fe in carbon nanoshells, deriving mainly from magnetic rather than electric effects-the complex permittivity and permeability depend both on the shape and phase of the CNT/Fe nanocapsulates.

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Topics: Permittivity (58%), Carbon nanotube (53%)

1,428 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADMA.201405788
Yi Zhang1, Yi Huang1, Tengfei Zhang1, Huicong Chang1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Mar 2015-Advanced Materials
Abstract: The broadband and tunable high-performance microwave absorption properties of an ultralight and highly compressible graphene foam (GF) are investigated. Simply via physical compression, the microwave absorption performance can be tuned. The qualified bandwidth coverage of 93.8% (60.5 GHz/64.5 GHz) is achieved for the GF under 90% compressive strain (1.0 mm thickness). This mainly because of the 3D conductive network.

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Topics: Graphene foam (60%), Microwave (53%)

1,140 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADMA.201503149
Qinghe Liu1, Qi Cao1, Han Bi1, Chongyun Liang1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Jan 2016-Advanced Materials
Abstract: The synthesis of CoNi@SiO2 @TiO2 core-shell and CoNi@Air@TiO2 yolk-shell microspheres is reported for the first time. Owing to the magnetic-dielectric synergistic effect, the obtained CoNi@SiO2 @TiO2 microspheres exhibit outstanding microwave absorption performance with a maximum reflection loss of -58.2 dB and wide bandwidth of 8.1 GHz (8.0-16.1 GHz, < -10 dB).

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Topics: Reflection loss (51%)

907 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/AM3021069
Mao-Sheng Cao1, Jian Yang1, Wei-Li Song1, Deqing Zhang  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Light-weight nanocomposites filled with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are developed for their significant potentials in electromagnetic shielding and attenuation for wide applications in electronics, communication devices, and specific parts in aircrafts and vehicles. Specifically, the introduction of a second phase into/onto CNTs for achieving CNT-based heterostructures has been widely pursued due to the enhancement in either dielectric loss or magnetic loss. In this work, ferroferric oxide (Fe(3)O(4)) was selected as the phase in multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-based composites for enhancing magnetic properties to obtain improved electromagnetic attenuation. A direct comparison between the two-phase heterostructures (Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs) and polyaniline (PANI) coated Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs, namely, three-phase heterostructures (PANI/Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs), was made to investigate the interface influences of Fe(3)O(4) and PANI on the complex permittivity and permeability separately. Compared to PANI/Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs, Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs exhibited enhanced magnetic properties coupled with increased dielectric properties. Interfaces between MWCNTs and heterostructures were found to play a role in the corresponding properties. The evaluation of microwave absorption of their wax composites was carried out, and the comparison between Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs and PANI/Fe(3)O(4)/MWCNTs with respect to highly efficient microwave absorption and effective absorption bandwidth was discussed.

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Topics: Nanotube (52%), Carbon nanotube (52%), Polyaniline (52%) ... read more

643 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/1.3555436
Abstract: The residual defects and groups in chemically reduced graphene oxide cannot only improve the impedance match characteristic and prompt energy transition from contiguous states to Fermi level, but also introduce defect polarization relaxation and groups’ electronic dipole relaxation, which are all in favor of electromagnetic wave penetration and absorption The chemically reduced graphene oxide shows enhanced microwave absorption compared with graphite and carbon nanotubes, and can be expected to display better absorption than high quality graphene, exhibiting a promising prospect as microwave absorbing material

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Topics: Graphene (62%), Carbon nanotube (57%), Oxide (53%) ... read more

639 Citations