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New York University Abu Dhabi

EducationAbu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
About: New York University Abu Dhabi is a education organization based out in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Galaxy. The organization has 1482 authors who have published 4786 publications receiving 107967 citations. The organization is also known as: NYU Abu Dhabi & NYUAD.
Topics: Population, Galaxy, Pulsar, Stars, Dark matter

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016.

10,401 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: At a global level, DALYs and HALE continue to show improvements and the importance of continued health interventions, which has changed in most locations in pace with the gross domestic product per person, education, and family planning.

3,029 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Summary Background Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level. Methods We estimated global and country-specific prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), years of life lost (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) for various neurological disorders that in the GBD classification have been previously spread across multiple disease groupings. The more inclusive grouping of neurological disorders included stroke, meningitis, encephalitis, tetanus, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, migraine, tension-type headache, medication overuse headache, brain and nervous system cancers, and a residual category of other neurological disorders. We also analysed results based on the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a compound measure of income per capita, education, and fertility, to identify patterns associated with development and how countries fare against expected outcomes relative to their level of development. Findings Neurological disorders ranked as the leading cause group of DALYs in 2015 (250·7 [95% uncertainty interval (UI) 229·1 to 274·7] million, comprising 10·2% of global DALYs) and the second-leading cause group of deaths (9·4 [9·1 to 9·7] million], comprising 16·8% of global deaths). The most prevalent neurological disorders were tension-type headache (1505·9 [UI 1337·3 to 1681·6 million cases]), migraine (958·8 [872·1 to 1055·6] million), medication overuse headache (58·5 [50·8 to 67·4 million]), and Alzheimer's disease and other dementias (46·0 [40·2 to 52·7 million]). Between 1990 and 2015, the number of deaths from neurological disorders increased by 36·7%, and the number of DALYs by 7·4%. These increases occurred despite decreases in age-standardised rates of death and DALYs of 26·1% and 29·7%, respectively; stroke and communicable neurological disorders were responsible for most of these decreases. Communicable neurological disorders were the largest cause of DALYs in countries with low SDI. Stroke rates were highest at middle levels of SDI and lowest at the highest SDI. Most of the changes in DALY rates of neurological disorders with development were driven by changes in YLLs. Interpretation Neurological disorders are an important cause of disability and death worldwide. Globally, the burden of neurological disorders has increased substantially over the past 25 years because of expanding population numbers and ageing, despite substantial decreases in mortality rates from stroke and communicable neurological disorders. The number of patients who will need care by clinicians with expertise in neurological conditions will continue to grow in coming decades. Policy makers and health-care providers should be aware of these trends to provide adequate services. Funding Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

2,995 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Max Griswold1, Nancy Fullman1, Caitlin Hawley1, Nicholas Arian1  +515 moreInstitutions (37)
TL;DR: It is found that the risk of all-cause mortality, and of cancers specifically, rises with increasing levels of consumption, and the level of consumption that minimises health loss is zero.

1,831 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Elena Aprile1, Jelle Aalbers2, F. Agostini3, M. Alfonsi4, L. Althueser5, F. D. Amaro6, M. Anthony1, F. Arneodo7, Laura Baudis8, Boris Bauermeister9, M. L. Benabderrahmane7, T. Berger10, P. A. Breur2, April S. Brown2, Ethan Brown10, S. Bruenner11, Giacomo Bruno7, Ran Budnik12, C. Capelli8, João Cardoso6, D. Cichon11, D. Coderre13, Auke-Pieter Colijn2, Jan Conrad9, Jean-Pierre Cussonneau14, M. P. Decowski2, P. de Perio1, P. Di Gangi3, A. Di Giovanni7, Sara Diglio14, A. Elykov13, G. Eurin11, J. Fei15, A. D. Ferella9, A. Fieguth5, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, Michelle Galloway8, F. Gao1, M. Garbini3, C. Geis4, L. Grandi16, Z. Greene1, H. Qiu12, C. Hasterok11, E. Hogenbirk2, J. Howlett1, R. Itay12, F. Joerg11, B. Kaminsky13, Shingo Kazama8, A. Kish8, G. Koltman12, H. Landsman12, R. F. Lang17, L. Levinson12, Qing Lin1, Sebastian Lindemann13, Manfred Lindner11, F. Lombardi15, J. A. M. Lopes6, J. Mahlstedt9, A. Manfredini12, T. Marrodán Undagoitia11, Julien Masbou14, D. Masson17, M. Messina7, K. Micheneau14, Kate C. Miller16, A. Molinario, K. Morå9, M. Murra5, J. Naganoma18, Kaixuan Ni15, Uwe Oberlack4, Bart Pelssers9, F. Piastra8, J. Pienaar16, V. Pizzella11, Guillaume Plante1, R. Podviianiuk, N. Priel12, D. Ramírez García13, L. Rauch11, S. Reichard8, C. Reuter17, B. Riedel16, A. Rizzo1, A. Rocchetti13, N. Rupp11, J.M.F. dos Santos6, Gabriella Sartorelli3, M. Scheibelhut4, S. Schindler4, J. Schreiner11, D. Schulte5, Marc Schumann13, L. Scotto Lavina19, M. Selvi3, P. Shagin18, E. Shockley16, Manuel Gameiro da Silva6, H. Simgen11, Dominique Thers14, F. Toschi3, F. Toschi13, Gian Carlo Trinchero, C. Tunnell16, N. Upole16, M. Vargas5, O. Wack11, Hongwei Wang20, Zirui Wang, Yuehuan Wei15, Ch. Weinheimer5, C. Wittweg5, J. Wulf8, J. Ye15, Yanxi Zhang1, T. Zhu1 
TL;DR: In this article, a search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) using 278.8 days of data collected with the XENON1T experiment at LNGS is reported.
Abstract: We report on a search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) using 278.8 days of data collected with the XENON1T experiment at LNGS. XENON1T utilizes a liquid xenon time projection chamber with a fiducial mass of (1.30±0.01) ton, resulting in a 1.0 ton yr exposure. The energy region of interest, [1.4,10.6] keVee ([4.9,40.9] keVnr), exhibits an ultralow electron recoil background rate of [82-3+5(syst)±3(stat)] events/(ton yr keVee). No significant excess over background is found, and a profile likelihood analysis parametrized in spatial and energy dimensions excludes new parameter space for the WIMP-nucleon spin-independent elastic scatter cross section for WIMP masses above 6 GeV/c2, with a minimum of 4.1×10-47 cm2 at 30 GeV/c2 and a 90% confidence level.

1,808 citations


Showing all 1539 results

Giacomo Bruno1581687124368
Alex Pentland13180998390
Seema Sharma129156585446
Junjie Zhu10071946374
Xiang Li97147242301
Derrick A Bennett90233120764
Juan Jesus Carrero8952266970
Subburaman Mohan8646129023
Andrew J. Majda8249530245
Katepalli R. Sreenivasan8043323000
Krishnendu Chakrabarty7999627583
Gord Fishell7616722982
David Poeppel7530728196
Richard Bonneau7430220587
Nasir Memon7339219189
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