Other affiliations: Indian Institutes of Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Indian Institute of Science
Bio: Enakshi Bhattacharya is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Silicon & Surface micromachining. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 80 publication(s) receiving 873 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Enakshi Bhattacharya include Indian Institutes of Technology & Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
Papers published on a yearly basis
09 May 1988-Applied Physics Letters
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the effect of microstructure on light-induced degradation in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (aSi:H) and found that samples with more microstructures, and also more bonded hydrogen, show an increased lightinduced effect.
Abstract: Using a parameter obtained from infrared measurements of the silicon‐hydrogen stretch mode, the amout of light‐induced degradation in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a‐Si:H) has been explored as a function of the amount of microstructure present in our samples. We find that samples with more microstructure, and also more bonded hydrogen, show an increased light‐induced effect. At the same time, the volume density of states in the initial (annealed) state remains virtually unchanged. We discuss how the present results relate to existing models proposed to describe the light‐induced effect.
TL;DR: Enzyme solution-oxidized porous silicon-crystalline silicon structure was used to detect changes in pH during the hydrolysis of tributyrin as a shift in the capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics.
Abstract: A novel method for estimating triglycerides is reported. Porous silicon, prepared from p-type (100) crystalline silicon was thermally oxidized and used to immobilise lipase, an enzyme, which hydrolyses triglycerides resulting in the formation of fatty acids. This causes a change in the pH of the solution. Enzyme solution-oxidized porous silicon-crystalline silicon structure was used to detect changes in pH during the hydrolysis of tributyrin as a shift in the capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics. Detailed calibration of the sensor is included.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors proposed a model that considers single-crystal silicon grain in equilibrium with amorphous silicon grain boundary to obtain near zero temperature coefficient of resistivity.
Abstract: One of the key benefits of using polysilicon as the material for resistors and piezoresistors is that the temperature coefficient of resistivity (TCR) can be tailored to be negative, zero, or positive by adjusting the doping concentration. This paper focuses on optimization of the boron doping of low-pressure chemical vapor deposited polysilicon resistors for obtaining near-zero TCR and development of a physical model that explains quantitatively all the results obtained in the optimization experiments encompassing the doping concentration ranges that show negative, near-zero, and positive TCR values in the polysilicon resistors. The proposed model considers single-crystal silicon grain in equilibrium with amorphous silicon grain boundary. The grain boundary carrier concentration is calculated considering exponential band tails in the density of states for amorphous silicon in the grain boundaries. Comparison of the results from the model shows excellent agreement with the measured values of resistivity as well as TCR for heavily doped polysilicon. It is shown that the trap density for holes in the grain boundary increases as the square root of the doping concentration, which is consistent with the defect compensation model of doping in the amorphous silicon grain boundaries
30 May 2008-Applied Surface Science
TL;DR: In this paper, Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently immobilized on crystalline silicon, porous silicon and silicon nitride surfaces using FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopy.
Abstract: Lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently immobilized on crystalline silicon, porous silicon and silicon nitride surfaces. The various stages of immobilization were characterized using FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) spectroscopy. The surface topography of the enzyme immobilized surfaces was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The quantity of the immobilized active enzyme was estimated by the para-nitrophenyl palmitate (pNPP) assay. The immobilized lipase was used for triglyceride hydrolysis and the acid produced was detected by a pH sensitive silicon nitride surface as a shift in the C–V (capacitance–voltage) characteristics of an electrolyte–insulator–semiconductor capacitor (EISCAP) thus validating the immobilization method for use as a biosensor.
01 Apr 2003-Current Applied Physics
TL;DR: In this paper, an enzymatic, porous silicon (PS) based potentiometric method for estimating triglycerides is reported, where Lipase, an enzyme which hydrolyses triglycerides was immobilised on PS which was prepared from p-type (1 − 0 − 0) crystalline silicon and was thermally oxidized.
Abstract: A novel, enzymatic, porous silicon (PS) based potentiometric method for estimating triglycerides is reported. Lipase, an enzyme, which hydrolyses triglycerides was immobilised on PS which was prepared from p-type (1 0 0) crystalline silicon and was thermally oxidized. On hydrolysis the triglycerides result in the formation of fatty acids which causes a change in the pH of the solution. Enzyme solution-oxidized PS–crystalline silicon structure was used to detect changes in pH during the hydrolysis of tributyrin as a shift in the capacitance–voltage ( C – V ) characteristics. Optimisation of the conditions for the enzymatic reaction and calibration of the sensor are included.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
01 Sep 2004-Biotechnology Advances
TL;DR: This work reviews the status of the various nanostructure-based biosensors and use of the self-assembly techniques and nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) in bios Sensors is discussed.
Abstract: Nanotechnology is playing an increasingly important role in the development of biosensors. The sensitivity and performance of biosensors is being improved by using nanomaterials for their construction. The use of these nanomaterials has allowed the introduction of many new signal transduction technologies in biosensors. Because of their submicron dimensions, nanosensors, nanoprobes and other nanosystems have allowed simple and rapid analyses in vivo. Portable instruments capable of analyzing multiple components are becoming available. This work reviews the status of the various nanostructure-based biosensors. Use of the self-assembly techniques and nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) in biosensors is discussed.
01 Mar 1999-Postgraduate Medical Journal
TL;DR: This beautifully illustrated and well-written book, with an impressive array of authors, is aimed at both undergraduate and postgraduate level and emphasises the biochemistry of mammalian cells.
Abstract: Textbook of biochemistry with clinical correlations , 4th edn TM Devlin, ed pp xvii + 1186, illustrated Wiley-Liss, New York, 1997 £2995, hardback This beautifully illustrated and well-written book, with an impressive array of authors, is aimed at both undergraduate and postgraduate level As the editor states in the preface, it is not intended to be a compendium of biochemistry but rather emphasises the biochemistry of mammalian cells The first 22 chapters cover …
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the pull-in phenomenon in electrostatically actuated MEMS and NEMS devices is presented, along with physical principles that have enabled fundamental insights into the pullin instability as well as pullin induced failures.
Abstract: Pull-in instability as an inherently nonlinear and crucial effect continues to become increasingly important for the design of electrostatic MEMS and NEMS devices and ever more interesting scientifically. This review reports not only the overview of the pull-in phenomenon in electrostatically actuated MEMS and NEMS devices, but also the physical principles that have enabled fundamental insights into the pull-in instability as well as pull-in induced failures. Pull-in governing equations and conditions to characterize and predict the static, dynamic and resonant pull-in behaviors are summarized. Specifically, we have described and discussed on various state-of-the-art approaches for extending the travel range, controlling the pull-in instability and further enhancing the performance of MEMS and NEMS devices with electrostatic actuation and sensing. A number of recent activities and achievements methods for control of torsional electrostatic micromirrors are introduced. The on-going development in pull-in applications that are being used to develop a fundamental understanding of pull-in instability from negative to positive influences is included and highlighted. Future research trends and challenges are further outlined.