Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
About: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Poison control & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 1937-1888. Over the lifetime, 4910 publication(s) have been published receiving 239587 citation(s). The journal is also known as: JSAD & J. Stud. Alcohol Drugs.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Although SSAGA was designed to provide for broad phenotyping of alcoholism, review of its new features suggests its suitability for a variety of family studies, not just those focusing on substance abuse.
Abstract: Within- and cross-center test-retest studies were conducted to study the reliability of a new, semistructured, comprehensive, polydiagnostic psychiatric interview being used in a multisite genetic linkage study of alcoholism. Findings from both studies indicated that reliability for the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA) was high for DSM-III-R substance dependence disorders, but less so for substance abuse disorders. Reliability of depression was good in both studies, but mixed for antisocial personality disorder (ASP). Findings are presented in terms of specific substance dependence and abuse diagnoses, as well as for depression and ASP. Criterion-specific reliabilities are examined by type of substance used. Although SSAGA was designed to provide for broad phenotyping of alcoholism, review of its new features suggests its suitability for a variety of family studies, not just those focusing on substance abuse.
TL;DR: The results suggest that the RAPI may be a useful tool for the standardized and efficient assessment of problem drinking during adolescence.
Abstract: Longitudinal data were obtained from a nonclinical sample of 1,308 male and female adolescents covering the age range from 12 to 21. Factor analyses of 52 symptoms and/or consequences of alcohol use yielded three problem dimensions. In addition, a unidimensional, 23-item scale (the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index, RAPI) was constructed with an internal consistency of .92. Correlations between RAPI and alcohol-use intensity were moderately strong for all age groups at each test occasion (ranging from .20 to .57), yet low enough to suggest that identification of problem drinkers requires both types of measures. The results suggest that the RAPI may be a useful tool for the standardized and efficient assessment of problem drinking during adolescence.
TL;DR: The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and a shortened 13-item version can reliably be used as self-administered questionnaires.
Abstract: The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and a shortened 13-item version can reliably be used as self-administered questionnaires.
TL;DR: Despite improvements in the past 20 years, colleges need to do more to reduce heavy alcohol use among students.
Abstract: Objective: This article provides information on the extent of alcohol use and other drug use among American college students. Methods: Five different sources of data are examined for estimating recent levels of alcohol (and other drug) use among college students: Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS), the Core Institute (CORE), Monitoring the Future (MTF), National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS) and National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Results: Alcohol use rates are very high among college students. Approximately two of five American college students were heavy drinkers, defined as having had five or more drinks in a row in the past 2 weeks. Alcohol use is higher among male than female students. White students are highest in heavy drinking, black students are lowest and Hispanic students are intermediate. Use of alcohol--but not cigarettes, marijuana and cocaine--is higher among college students than among noncollege age-mates. Longitudinal data show that, w...
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