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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.0C18920

Air-Processed Infrared-Annealed Printed Methylammonium-Free Perovskite Solar Cells and Modules Incorporating Potassium-Doped Graphene Oxide as an Interlayer.

02 Mar 2021-ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (American Chemical Society (ACS))-Vol. 13, Iss: 10, pp 11741-11754
Abstract: The use of solution processes to fabricate perovskite solar cells (PSCs) represents a winning strategy to reduce capital expenditure, increase the throughput, and allow for process flexibility needed to adapt PVs to new applications. However, the typical fabrication process for PSC development to date is performed in an inert atmosphere (nitrogen), usually in a glovebox, hampering the industrial scale-up. In this work, we demonstrate, for the first time, the use of double-cation perovskite (forsaking the unstable methylammonium (MA) cation) processed in ambient air by employing potassium-doped graphene oxide (GO-K) as an interlayer, between the mesoporous TiO2 and the perovskite layer and using infrared annealing (IRA). We upscaled the device active area from 0.09 to 16 cm2 by blade coating the perovskite layer, exhibiting power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 18.3 and 16.10% for 0.1 and 16 cm2 active area devices, respectively. We demonstrated how the efficiency and stability of MA-free-based perovskite deposition in air have been improved by employing GO-K and IRA.

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Topics: Perovskite (structure) (62%)
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8 results found



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.1C05506
Abstract: Perovskite solar modules (PSMs) have been attracting the photovoltaic market, owing to low manufacturing costs and process versatility. The employment of flexible substrates gives the chance to explore new applications and further increase the fabrication throughput. However, the present state-of-the-art of flexible perovskite solar modules (FPSMs) does not show any data on light-soaking stability, revealing that the scientific community is still far from the potential marketing of the product. During this work, we demonstrate, for the first time, an outstanding light stability of FPSMs over 1000 h considering the recovering time (T80 = 730 h), exhibiting a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.51% over a 15.7 cm2 active area obtained with scalable processes by exploiting blade deposition of a transporting layer and a stable double-cation perovskite (cesium and formamidinium, CsFA) absorber.

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2 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/SOLR.202100455
Do-Kyoung Lee1, Nam-Gyu Park1Institutions (1)
14 Sep 2021-
Topics: Perovskite (structure) (65%), Solar cell (58%)

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1063/5.0047616
Lukas Schmidt-Mende1, Vladimir Dyakonov2, Selina Olthof3, Feray Ünlü3  +66 moreInstitutions (29)
26 Oct 2021-APL Materials
Abstract: Metal halide perovskites are the first solution processed semiconductors that can compete in their functionality with conventional semiconductors, such as silicon. Over the past several years, perovskite semiconductors have reported breakthroughs in various optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells, photodetectors, light emitting and memory devices, and so on. Until now, perovskite semiconductors face challenges regarding their stability, reproducibility, and toxicity. In this Roadmap, we combine the expertise of chemistry, physics, and device engineering from leading experts in the perovskite research community to focus on the fundamental material properties, the fabrication methods, characterization and photophysical properties, perovskite devices, and current challenges in this field. We develop a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art and offer readers an informed perspective of where this field is heading and what challenges we have to overcome to get to successful commercialization.

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1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/EN14196081
24 Sep 2021-Energies
Abstract: Among the new generation photovoltaics, perovskite solar cell (PSC) technology reached top efficiencies in a few years. Currently, the main objective to further develop PSCs is related to the fabrication of stable devices with cost-effective materials and reliable fabrication processes to achieve a possible industrialization pathway. In the n-i-p device configuration, the hole transporting material (HTM) used most is the highly doped organic spiro-fluorene-based material (Spiro-OMeTAD). In addition to the high cost related to its complex synthesis, this material has different issues such as poor photo, thermal and moisture stability. Here, we test on small and large area PSCs a commercially available HTM (X55, Dyenamo) with a new core made by low-cost fluorene–xantene units. The one-pot synthesis of this compound reduces 30 times its cost with respect to Spiro-OMeTAD. The optoelectronic performances and properties are characterized through JV measurement, IPCE (incident photon to current efficiency), steady-state photoluminescence and ISOS stability test. SEM (scanning electron microscope) images reveal a uniform and pinhole free coverage of the X55 HTM surface, which reduces the charge recombination losses and improves the device performance relative to Spiro-OMeTAD from 16% to 17%. The ISOS-D-1 stability test on large area cells without any encapsulation reports an efficiency drop of about 15% after 1000 h compared to 30% for the reference case.

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Topics: Perovskite solar cell (55%), Photovoltaics (51%)

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102 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JA809598R
Abstract: Two organolead halide perovskite nanocrystals, CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbI3, were found to efficiently sensitize TiO2 for visible-light conversion in photoelectrochemical cells. When self-assembled on mesoporous TiO2 films, the nanocrystalline perovskites exhibit strong band-gap absorptions as semiconductors. The CH3NH3PbI3-based photocell with spectral sensitivity of up to 800 nm yielded a solar energy conversion efficiency of 3.8%. The CH3NH3PbBr3-based cell showed a high photovoltage of 0.96 V with an external quantum conversion efficiency of 65%.

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Topics: Perovskite solar cell (58%), Methylammonium halide (57%), Energy conversion efficiency (55%) ... read more

13,033 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1228604
02 Nov 2012-Science
Abstract: The energy costs associated with separating tightly bound excitons (photoinduced electron-hole pairs) and extracting free charges from highly disordered low-mobility networks represent fundamental losses for many low-cost photovoltaic technologies. We report a low-cost, solution-processable solar cell, based on a highly crystalline perovskite absorber with intense visible to near-infrared absorptivity, that has a power conversion efficiency of 10.9% in a single-junction device under simulated full sunlight. This "meso-superstructured solar cell" exhibits exceptionally few fundamental energy losses; it can generate open-circuit photovoltages of more than 1.1 volts, despite the relatively narrow absorber band gap of 1.55 electron volts. The functionality arises from the use of mesoporous alumina as an inert scaffold that structures the absorber and forces electrons to reside in and be transported through the perovskite.

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Topics: Perovskite solar cell (61%), Hybrid solar cell (58%), Solar cell (58%) ... read more

7,996 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SSC.2007.03.052
Andrea C. Ferrari1Institutions (1)
Abstract: We review recent work on Raman spectroscopy of graphite and graphene. We focus on the origin of the D and G peaks and the second order of the D peak. The G and 2 D Raman peaks change in shape, position and relative intensity with number of graphene layers. This reflects the evolution of the electronic structure and electron–phonon interactions. We then consider the effects of doping on the Raman spectra of graphene. The Fermi energy is tuned by applying a gate-voltage. We show that this induces a stiffening of the Raman G peak for both holes and electrons doping. Thus Raman spectroscopy can be efficiently used to monitor number of layers, quality of layers, doping level and confinement.

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Topics: Raman spectroscopy (66%), Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (63%), Graphene (57%) ... read more

5,730 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.AAA9272
12 Jun 2015-Science
Abstract: The band gap of formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3) perovskites allows broader absorption of the solar spectrum relative to conventional methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). Because the optoelectronic properties of perovskite films are closely related to film quality, deposition of dense and uniform films is crucial for fabricating high-performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs). We report an approach for depositing high-quality FAPbI3 films, involving FAPbI3 crystallization by the direct intramolecular exchange of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) molecules intercalated in PbI2 with formamidinium iodide. This process produces FAPbI3 films with (111)-preferred crystallographic orientation, large-grained dense microstructures, and flat surfaces without residual PbI2. Using films prepared by this technique, we fabricated FAPbI3-based PSCs with maximum power conversion efficiency greater than 20%.

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Topics: Perovskite solar cell (63%), Formamidinium (62%), Methylammonium lead halide (59%) ... read more

4,891 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NPHOTON.2014.134
01 Jul 2014-Nature Photonics
Abstract: Within the space of a few years, hybrid organic–inorganic perovskite solar cells have emerged as one of the most exciting material platforms in the photovoltaic sector. This review describes the rapid progress that has been made in this area.

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4,456 Citations