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Institution

Federal University of Tocantins

EducationPalmas, Brazil
About: Federal University of Tocantins is a education organization based out in Palmas, Brazil. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Species richness. The organization has 3763 authors who have published 4595 publications receiving 26348 citations. The organization is also known as: UFT.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The relevance and the success of the management actions taken are argued and some suggestions to improve conservation of the ichthyofauna in South American basins influenced by dams are presented.
Abstract: Reservoirs have been built in almost all of the hydrographic basins of Brazil. Their purposes include water supply for cities, irrigation and mainly, generation of electricity. There are more than 700 large dams and associated reservoirs in the large rivers of the country. These reservoirs favor local and regional economic development, but they also bring serious and irreversible alterations in the natural hydrologic regime of rivers, affecting habitat quality and the dynamics of the biota. In the impounded area, the main impact is the change from lotic to lentic water, which influences aquatic fauna, including fishes. Impacts of reservoirs present relevant spatiotemporal variations. Immediately after reservoir formation, fish species richness usually increases due to incorporation of surrounding habitats, but richness decreases as reservoirs age. However, impacts downstream of dams appear to be similar or stronger than those that occur within the reservoir. Dams promote discharge control, altering the seasonal cycles of floods. These effects are augmented when dams are constructed in cascades. Therefore, dams profoundly influence composition and structure of fish assemblages. Most affected species are the rheophilics and long distance migratory that require distinct habitats to fulfill their life cycles. Populations of migratory species may collapse or even disappear in intensely regulated stretches. Management actions taken to minimize impacts of dams in Brazil historically considered construction of fish passages, fishery control and stocking. The results of these actions are questionable and/or with clear failures. In this paper, we give emphasis to the Parana River basin, the most affected by dams in Brazil. We describe some patterns in the alteration and decline in fish diversity in areas influenced by dams. We also discuss negative consequences in the fishery and ecosystems functioning. Finally, we argue the relevance and the success of the management actions taken and present some suggestions to improve conservation of the ichthyofauna in South American basins influenced by dams.

599 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Nuno R. Faria1, Joshua Quick2, Ingra Morales Claro3, Julien Thézé1, J G de Jesus4, Marta Giovanetti4, Moritz U. G. Kraemer1, Sarah C. Hill1, Allison Black5, Allison Black6, A. C. da Costa3, L. C Franco7, Sandro Patroca da Silva7, C-H Wu1, Jayna Raghwani1, Simon Cauchemez8, L. du Plessis1, M. P Verotti, W. K. de Oliveira4, Eduardo Hage Carmo, Giovanini E. Coelho, A. C. F. S Santelli4, L. C Vinhal, Cláudio Maierovitch Pessanha Henriques, Jared T. Simpson9, Matthew Loose10, Kristian G. Andersen11, Nathan D. Grubaugh11, Sneha Somasekar12, Charles Y. Chiu12, José Esteban Muñoz-Medina13, César González-Bonilla13, Carlos F. Arias14, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez4, Sally A. Baylis15, Alexandre Otavio Chieppe, Shirlei Ferreira Aguiar, Carlos Fernandes, Poliana da Silva Lemos7, B. L. S Nascimento7, Hamilton Antônio de Oliveira Monteiro7, Isadora Cristina de Siqueira4, M. G. de Queiroz, T. R. de Souza, João Felipe Bezerra, M. R Lemos, Gavin Pereira, D Loudal, L. C Moura, Rafael Dhalia4, Rafael F. O. França4, T Magalhães16, T Magalhães4, T Magalhães17, Ernesto T. A. Marques4, Thomas Jaenisch18, Gabriel Luz Wallau4, M. C. de Lima, Vitor H. Nascimento, E. M. de Cerqueira, M. M. de Lima19, D. L Mascarenhas, J. P Moura Neto20, Anna S. Levin3, Tania Regina Tozetto-Mendoza3, Silvia Nunes Szente Fonseca, Maria Cassia Mendes-Correa3, Flavio Augusto de Pádua Milagres21, Aluísio Augusto Cotrim Segurado3, Edward C. Holmes22, Andrew Rambaut23, Andrew Rambaut24, Trevor Bedford6, Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes7, Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes25, Ester Cerdeira Sabino3, Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara4, Nicholas J. Loman2, Oliver G. Pybus1 
15 Jun 2017-Nature
TL;DR: The origin and epidemic history of ZIKV in Brazil and the Americas remain poorly understood, despite the value of this information for interpreting observed trends in reported microcephaly and other birth defects as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas was first confirmed in May 2015 in northeast Brazil. Brazil has had the highest number of reported ZIKV cases worldwide (more than 200,000 by 24 December 2016) and the most cases associated with microcephaly and other birth defects (2,366 confirmed by 31 December 2016). Since the initial detection of ZIKV in Brazil, more than 45 countries in the Americas have reported local ZIKV transmission, with 24 of these reporting severe ZIKV-associated disease. However, the origin and epidemic history of ZIKV in Brazil and the Americas remain poorly understood, despite the value of this information for interpreting observed trends in reported microcephaly. Here we address this issue by generating 54 complete or partial ZIKV genomes, mostly from Brazil, and reporting data generated by a mobile genomics laboratory that travelled across northeast Brazil in 2016. One sequence represents the earliest confirmed ZIKV infection in Brazil. Analyses of viral genomes with ecological and epidemiological data yield an estimate that ZIKV was present in northeast Brazil by February 2014 and is likely to have disseminated from there, nationally and internationally, before the first detection of ZIKV in the Americas. Estimated dates for the international spread of ZIKV from Brazil indicate the duration of pre-detection cryptic transmission in recipient regions. The role of northeast Brazil in the establishment of ZIKV in the Americas is further supported by geographic analysis of ZIKV transmission potential and by estimates of the basic reproduction number of the virus.

470 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The influence of the Maillard reaction on the conditions and formulation of reagents that improve desirable techno-functional characteristics of food protein and growing interest in modifying proteins for industrial food applications is discussed.
Abstract: The products formed by glycosylation of food proteins with carbohydrates via the Maillard reaction, also known as conjugates, are agents capable of changing and improving techno-functional characteristics of proteins. The Maillard reaction uses the covalent bond between a group of a reducing carbohydrates and an amino group of a protein. This reaction does not require additional chemicals as it occurs naturally under controlled conditions of temperature, time, pH, and moisture. Moreover, there is growing interest in modifying proteins for industrial food applications. This review analyses the current state of art of the Maillard reaction on food protein functionalities. It also discusses the influence of the Maillard reaction on the conditions and formulation of reagents that improve desirable techno-functional characteristics of food protein.

392 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 2009-Ecology
TL;DR: The forests studied here appear to be much more resilient to occasional incursion of fire from the savanna, despite being unable to invade frequently burned savannas, and rapid growth will be particularly important for forest species to escape the fire trap, so forests should be restricted to high-resource sites.
Abstract: Tropical savanna and forest are recognized to represent alternate stable states, primarily determined by feedbacks with fire. Vegetation-fire dynamics in each of these vegetation types are largely determined by the influence of the vegetation on fire behavior, as well as the effects of fire behavior on tree mortality, topkill (defined here as complete death of the aerial biomass, regardless of whether the plant recovers by resprouting), and rate of growth of resprouts. We studied the effect of fire on three savanna-forest boundaries in central Brazil. Fire intensity was greater in savanna than forest, as inferred by a twofold greater height of stem charring. Despite lower fire intensity, forest tree species exhibited higher rates of topkill, which was best explained by their thinner bark, relative to savanna species. Following topkill, there was no tendency for sprouts of savanna trees to grow faster than those of forest species, contrary to expectations, nor was whole-plant mortality higher in forest than in savanna. This contrasts with observations of high rates of postburn mortality in many other tropical forests. The low tree mortality in these transitional forests suggests that the dynamic of these natural savanna-forest boundaries is fundamentally different from that of forest boundaries originating from deforestation in the humid tropics. The forests studied here appear to be much more resilient to occasional incursion of fire from the savanna, despite being unable to invade frequently burned savanna. The thin bark of forest species makes them particularly susceptible to the "fire trap," whereby repeated topkill of small trees prevents recruitment into adult size classes. Rapid growth will be particularly important for forest species to escape the fire trap, so we predict that, where fire is frequent, forests should be restricted to high-resource sites. Here, Mg2+ and Ca2+ concentrations had particularly strong effects on postburn growth rates, suggesting that these elements may most strongly limit the distribution of forest in these fire-prone savannas.

383 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The current data suggest that MPc has oxidative-stress-inducing potential in fish, and that gills and white muscle are the most sensitive organs of B. cephalus, with poor antioxidant potentials.
Abstract: Methyl parathion (MP) is an organophosphorus insecticide used worldwide in agriculture and aquaculture due to its high activity against a broad spectrum of insect pests. The effect of a single exposure to 2 mg L − 1 of a commercial formulation of MP (MPc: Folisuper 600®, MP 600 g L − 1 ) on catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S -transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of the liver, white muscle and gills of Brycon cephalus was evaluated after 96 h of treatment. MPc exposure resulted in a significant induction of SOD, CAT and GST activity in all tissues. However, the GPx activity decreased significantly in white muscle and gills, whereas no alterations were observed in hepatic GPx activity. MPc also induced a significant increase in LPO values in the white muscle and gills, while hepatic LPO levels did not show any significant alteration. The current data suggest that MPc has oxidative-stress-inducing potential in fish, and that gills and white muscle are the most sensitive organs of B. cephalus , with poor antioxidant potentials. The various parameters studied in this investigation can also be used as biomarkers of exposure to MPc.

356 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202312
202263
2021464
2020545
2019441
2018410