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Showing papers in "Fuel in 2016"


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Feb 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: A comprehensive overview of methanation research conducted during the last century is presented in this paper, where application-oriented research focusing on reactor developments, reactor modeling, and pilot plant investigation is reviewed.

973 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive review of the existing in-situ heavy oil recovery techniques, which fall into three categories of thermal injection, chemical injection and gas injection, is presented.

431 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, an extended overview of the composition, properties and challenges of algae biomass for biofuel application was conducted based on reference peer-reviewed data plus own investigations, and specific benefits and obstacles connected with the composition and properties of algae and algae ash are discussed.

312 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Jul 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate and compare the basic fuel properties of the ternary blends of diesel (D), waste oil methyl ester (biodiesel (B)) and the higher alcohols of propanol (Pro), n-butanol (nB) and 1-pentanol (Pn), and their effects on engine performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine.

307 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Jul 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive study was conducted on the properties of chars which derived from hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of sewage sludge (SS) while varying the operation parameters as reaction temperature 180-300°C, reaction time 30-480min.

296 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review on the characteristics of this wastewater and the options existing to minimize its environmental impacts, focusing on deep well injection and re-use strategies for this wastewater in the U.S. but the stricter regulations in other regions will require further treatment.

292 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, a molecular study of liquid hydrocarbon (octane) flow through inorganic (quartz) nanopores ranging in size from 1.7 to 11.2 nm was performed.

274 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Apr 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: A series of high moisture content biomass have been processed by hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) in a batch reactor at two temperatures (200°C and 250°C) as discussed by the authors.

249 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, an eight-lump mathematical model is presented for the catalytic cracking kinetics and some of the main experimental laboratory setup systems in the world have also been reviewed and parts of the results are presented and discussed.

245 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Feb 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, catalytic fast co-pyrolysis of biomass and polyethylene (PE) was studied in a tandem micro-pyrogrolyzer using HZSM-5 as the catalyst.

221 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used a numerical simulator to investigate the parameters controlling water and gas production during the flowback process of an 18-well pad completed in the Horn River Basin.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of nanoparticles added to diesel fuels were examined and the results showed that the stability of nanodiesel can be increased by regulating pH and using dispersant.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the chemical structure of soda alkali lignin (SAL) and Alcell organosolv (AOL) was evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (PyGC/MS).

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, a unified model of nanopore gas transport in shale gas reservoirs is presented, which considers the gas transport mechanisms of viscous flow, Knudsen diffusion, surface diffusion, adsorption and desorption.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the complex pore structures of 12 shale samples collected from two marine shale formations in upper Yangtze area (UYA) in China were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), high pressure mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), and low pressure N2/CO2 adsorption.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, molecular dynamics simulations were conducted to study the static properties and pressure-driven flow behavior of pure liquid hydrocarbons (octane) and supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO 2 ) confined in slit-shaped organic nanopores.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, a detailed chemical kinetic model is presented for the reaction of the important intermediate H2NO with O2, and the rate constant for the intermediate was determined from ab initio calculations to be 2.994 exp(−9510 K/T)cm3mol−1/s−1.3

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Dec 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the influence of Alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles on various injection strategies was investigated in a single-cylinder diesel engine with three different injection timings (IT) namely, original timing (ORG IT), advanced timing (ADV IT) and retarded timing (RET IT) of 19 degrees bTDC.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of fractal dimensions on methane adsorption capacity was investigated, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and low-pressure nitrogen gas adaption (LP-N 2 GA).

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Nov 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the authors compared the adsorption pore structure characteristics of different coal ranks, seams, and macrolithotypes, which further revealed the influences of mesopore (2-50nm) and micropore on CH 4 adaption capacity at different pore sizes.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Jan 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, five different types of calcium oxide-based catalysts supported gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), including commercial CaO, egg shell, mussel shell, calcite, and dolomite were prepared and used in biodiesel synthesis.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Jun 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, real world municipal plastic waste mainly comprising of polyethylene (low and high density), polypropylene, polystyrene, polypolyethylene terephthalate were pyrolyzed at different temperatures, ranging 450-600°C with a sample mass of 200g to create an appropriate real blend environment.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 May 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, 2-ethylhexyl nitrate (EHN) cetane improver was added at 500, 1000 and 2000ppm concentration to the microemulsions of D (70 vol.%) and Pn (10 vol.%).

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on the insights into these two prominent gaseous fuels in order to draw more research and development toward producing a sustainable environment, which can be utilized to produce centralized or distributed power supply in rural and urban areas and are considered to be cost beneficial.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, a low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method for quantifying pore-fracture fractal dimensions and their influence on effective porosity and permeability was described.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Feb 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, various approaches, such as bio-augmentation, biostimulation and physical, chemical and biological pretreatment for the purpose of enhancing methane yield are reviewed, and detailed reviews are provided on elucidating the composition of a microbial community, developing suitable nutrient solutions, and the in situ application of laboratory generated results.

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Nov 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: A review of the theoretical and experimental work on capillary condensation with emphasis on the production and interpretation of adsorption isotherms in hydrocarbon systems is provided in this article.

Journal ArticleDOI
Mo Zheng1, Ze Wang1, Xiaoxia Li1, Xianjie Qiao1, Wenli Song1, Li Guo1 
01 Aug 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, a new methodology rooted in the first GPU enabled ReaxFF MD simulation program (GMD-Reax) and the unique cheminformatics based reaction analysis tool (VARxMD) was employed to investigate the initial reaction mechanism of cellulose pyrolysis.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this paper, the pore-to-mineral-surface-scale mechanisms for the low salinity effect (LSE) have been investigated and compared in both clastic and carbonate rock samples and reservoirs.

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2016-Fuel
TL;DR: In this article, the dependence of the Eddy Dissipation concept on dimensionless flow parameters such as the Reynolds and Damkohler numbers is analyzed for moderate and intense low-oxygen dilution (MILD) combustion, where chemical time scales are increased compared with conventional combustion, mainly because of slower reactions due to the dilution of reactants.