Oh, Honey, I Already Forgot That : Strategic Control of Directed Forgetting in Older and Younger Adults*
Cites background or result from "Oh, Honey, I Already Forgot That : ..."
...This finding may differ from that reported by Sahakyan et al. (2008) with the directed forgetting procedure, perhaps because the Think/No-Think task confronts participants with strong cues to well learned responses that may create a more challenging control task....
...…indicates that older adults sometimes are less able to intentionally forget a first list of memory items when given an instruction to forget followed by a second list (Sahakyan et al., 2008; Zacks, Radvanksy, & Hasher, 1996; however, see Zellner & Bäuml, 2006; Sego, Goldin, & Gottlob, 2006)....
...It remains unclear, however, whether the reduced forgetting for older adults observed in the directed forgetting procedure reflects an inhibition deficit, or a tendency, on the part of older adults, to simply not try to forget because they feel they do not need to (Sahakyan et al., 2008)....
Cites background from "Oh, Honey, I Already Forgot That : ..."
...…investigations of directed forgetting have also taken this approach (e.g., Bäuml et al., 2008; Pastötter & Bäuml, 2007; Sahakyan & Delaney, 2005; Sahakyan & Goodmon, 2007; Sahakyan et al., 2008; Zellner & Bäuml, 2006).1 Unless otherwise specified, the results were significant at a = .05 level....
...Recent investigations of directed forgetting have also taken this approach (e.g., Bäuml et al., 2008; Pastötter & Bäuml, 2007; Sahakyan & Delaney, 2005; Sahakyan & Goodmon, 2007; Sahakyan et al., 2008; Zellner & Bäuml, 2006)....
"Oh, Honey, I Already Forgot That : ..." refers background or methods or result in this paper
...The interference reduction account attributes the benefits to reduced proactive interference on List 2 in the forget group that occurs either from inhibition of List 1 items (e.g., E. L. Bjork & Bjork, 1996), or from contextual differentiation between the lists (Sahakyan & Kelley, 2002)....
...We argued that in response to the directed forgetting instruction, participants adopt a forgetting strategy—such as engaging in a diversionary thought—that changes the mental context in which List 2 is encoded (Sahakyan, 2004; Sahakyan & Kelley, 2002)....
...However, before proceeding to study the second list, half of the participants receiving remember instruction were instructed to visualize their childhood home and describe it to the experimenter for 60 s (following Sahakyan & Kelley, 2002)....
...Alternatively, Sahakyan and Delaney (2005) have proposed a two-factor account suggesting that directed forgetting arises from a combination of factors including (a) changes in mental context (Sahakyan & Kelley, 2002) and (b) encoding strategy changes (Sahakyan & Delaney, 2005)....
...For example, we argued that list-method directed forgetting arises from the mismatch of study and test contexts (e.g., Sahakyan & Kelley, 2002); others argued for an inhibitory explanation (e.g., R. A. Bjork, 1989)....