scispace - formally typeset
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FBIOE.2021.623701

The Surfactin-Like Lipopeptides From Bacillus spp.: Natural Biodiversity and Synthetic Biology for a Broader Application Range.

02 Mar 2021-Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology (Frontiers Media SA)-Vol. 9, pp 623701-623701
Abstract: Surfactin is a lipoheptapeptide produced by several Bacillus species and identified for the first time in 1969. At first, the biosynthesis of this remarkable biosurfactant was described in this review. The peptide moiety of the surfactin is synthesized using huge multienzymatic proteins called NonRibosomal Peptide Synthetases. This mechanism is responsible for the peptide biodiversity of the members of the surfactin family. In addition, on the fatty acid side, fifteen different isoforms (from C12 to C17) can be incorporated so increasing the number of the surfactin-like biomolecules. The review also highlights the last development in metabolic modeling and engineering and in synthetic biology to direct surfactin biosynthesis but also to generate novel derivatives. This large set of different biomolecules leads to a broad spectrum of physico-chemical properties and biological activities. The last parts of the review summarized the numerous studies related to the production processes optimization as well as the approaches developed to increase the surfactin productivity of Bacillus cells taking into account the different steps of its biosynthesis from gene transcription to surfactin degradation in the culture medium.

... read more

Topics: Surfactin (69%), Nonribosomal peptide (53%)
Citations
  More

7 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/MICROORGANISMS9071441
03 Jul 2021-
Abstract: Rice monoculture in acid sulfate soils (ASSs) is affected by a wide range of abiotic and biotic constraints, including rice blast caused by Pyricularia oryzae. To progress towards a more sustainable agriculture, our research aimed to screen the biocontrol potential of indigenous Bacillus spp. against blast disease by triggering induced systemic resistance (ISR) via root application and direct antagonism. Strains belonging to the B. altitudinis and B. velezensis group could protect rice against blast disease by ISR. UPLC-MS and marker gene replacement methods were used to detect cyclic lipopeptide (CLiP) production and construct CLiPs deficient mutants of B. velezensis, respectively. Here we show that the CLiPs fengycin and iturin are both needed to elicit ISR against rice blast in potting soil and ASS conditions. The CLiPs surfactin, iturin and fengycin completely suppressed P. oryzae spore germination resulting in disease severity reduction when co-applied on rice leaves. In vitro microscopic assays revealed that iturin and fengycin inhibited the mycelial growth of the fungus P. oryzae, while surfactin had no effect. The capacity of indigenous Bacillus spp. to reduce rice blast by direct and indirect antagonism in ASS conditions provides an opportunity to explore their usage for rice blast control in the field.

... read more

Topics: Spore germination (53%), Surfactin (50%)

1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2021.125602
Zhiwen Zhu1, Baiyu Zhang1, Qinhong Cai2, Yiqi Cao1  +3 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: The importance of lipopeptide micelles in environmental applications has been highlighted. These vessels exhibit various sizes, shapes, and surface properties under different environmental conditions. An in-depth understanding of the tunable assembling behavior of biosurfactant micelles is of great importance for their applications. However, a systematic review of such behaviors with assorted micro/nano micellar structures under given environmental conditions, particularly under low temperature and high salinity, remains untapped. Such impacts on their environmental applications have yet to be summarized. This review tried to fill the knowledge gaps by providing a comprehensive summary of the recent knowledge advancement in genetically regulated lipopeptides production, micelles associated decontamination mechanisms in low temperature and high salinity environments, and up-to-date environmental applications. This work is expected to deliver valuable insights to guide lipopeptide design and discovery. The mechanisms concluded in this study could inspire the forthcoming research efforts in the advanced environmental application of lipopeptide micelles.

... read more

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FMICB.2021.789362
Abstract: Bacillus velezensis ML122-2 is an antimicrobial-producing strain isolated from the leaf of Assam tea or Miang (Camellia sinensis var. assamica (J.W.Mast.) Kitam.). The cell-free supernatant (CFS) of strain ML122-2 exhibits a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against various Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as the mold Penicillium expansum. The genome of B. velezensis ML122-2 was sequenced and in silico analysis identified three potential bacteriocin-associated gene clusters, i.e., those involved in the production of mersacidin, amylocyclicin and LCI. Furthermore, six gene clusters exhibiting homology (78-100% DNA sequence identity) to those associated with the secondary metabolites bacilysin, bacillibactin, surfactin, macrolactin H, bacillaene and plipastatin were identified. Individual antimicrobial activities produced by B. velezensis ML122-2 were purified and characterized by Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry analysis, revealing three antimicrobial peptides with molecular masses corresponding to surfactin, plipastatin and amylocyclicin. Transcriptional analysis of specific genes associated with mersacidin (mrsA), amylocyclicin (acnA), plipastatin (ppsA) and surfactin (srfAA) production by B. velezensis ML122-2 showed that the first was not transcribed under the conditions tested, while the latter three were, consistent with the presence of the associated peptides as determined by mass spectrometry analysis. These findings demonstrate that B. velezensis ML122-2 has the genetic capacity to produce a wide range of antimicrobial activities that may support a specific community structure and highlight the biotechnological properties of Assam tea.

... read more

Topics: Surfactin (52%)

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FSUFS.2021.737977
01 Sep 2021-
Abstract: Ambrosia beetles and their symbiotic fungi are causing severe damage in natural and agro-ecosystems worldwide, threatening the productivity of several important tree crops such as avocado. Strategies aiming at mitigating their impact include the application of broad-spectrum agrochemicals and the incineration of diseased trees, but the increasing demand for environment-friendly strategies call for exploring biological control for the management of ambrosia beetles and their phytopathogenic fungal symbionts. The aim of this review is to examine the existing knowledge on biocontrol approaches using beneficial microorganisms and microbial natural products with entomopathogenic and antifungal activity against ambrosia beetles and fungi. We show that biocontrol has been mainly focused on the insect, using entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) such as Beauveria spp. or Metarhizium spp. However, recent studies have been integrating EPF with mycoparasitic fungi such as Trichoderma spp. to simultaneously challenge the vector and its fungal symbionts. Novel approaches also include the use of microbial natural products as insect lures or antifungal agents. Contrastingly, the potential of bacteria, including actinobacteria (actinomycetes), as biocontrol agents of ambrosia fungi has been little investigated. We thus suggest that future research should further examine the antifungal activity of bacterial strains, with an emphasis on harsh environments. We also suggest pursuing the isolation of more effective microbial strains with dual biocontrol effect, i.e. exhibiting fungicidal/insecticidal activities. Moreover, additional efforts should aim at determining the best application methods of biocontrol agents in the field to ensure that the positive effects detected in vitro are sustained. Finally, we propose the integration of microbiome studies in pest and disease management strategies as they could provide us with tools to steer the beneficial host plant microbiome and to manipulate the beetle microbiome in order to reduce insect fitness.

... read more

Topics: Ambrosia fungi (67%), Metarhizium (53%), Beauveria (52%)

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/JRE.12932
Thi Thuy Tien Vo1, Yinshen Wee2, Yuh-Lien Chen3, Hsin-Chung Cheng4  +3 moreInstitutions (5)
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of surfactin and underlying mechanisms against particulate matter (PM)-induced inflammatory responses in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Background PM, a major air pollutant, may associate with certain oral diseases possibly by inducing inflammation and oxidative stress. Surfactin, a potent biosurfactant, possesses various biological properties including anti-inflammatory activity. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Also, there is no study investigating the effects of surfactin on PM-induced oral inflammatory responses. As an essential constituent of human periodontal connective tissues which involves immune-inflammatory responses, HGFs serve as useful study models. Methods HGFs were pretreated with surfactin prior to PM incubation. The PGE2 production was determined by ELISA, while the protein expression and mRNA levels of COX-2 and upstream regulators were measured using Western blot and real-time PCR, respectively. The transcriptional activity of COX-2 and NF-κB were determined using promoter assay. ROS generation and NADPH oxidase activity were identified by specific assays. Co-immunoprecipitation assay, pharmacologic inhibitors, and siRNA transfection were applied to explore the interplay of molecules. Mice were given one dose of surfactin or different pharmacologic inhibitors, then PM was delivered into the gingiva for three consecutive days. Gingival tissues were obtained for analyzing COX-2 expression. Results PM-treated HGFs released significantly higher COX-2-dependent PGE2 , which were regulated by TLR2 and TLR4/MyD88/NADPH oxidase/ROS/PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathway. PM-induced COX-2/PGE2 increase was effectively reversed by surfactin through the disruption of regulatory pathway. Similar inhibitory effects of surfactin was observed in mice. Conclusion Surfactin may elicit anti-inflammatory effects against PM-induced oral inflammatory responses.

... read more

Topics: Surfactin (60%), NADPH oxidase (53%), PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway (52%) ... read more

References
  More

209 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/JCC.21256
Abstract: We describe the testing and release of AutoDock4 and the accompanying graphical user interface AutoDockTools. AutoDock4 incorporates limited flexibility in the receptor. Several tests are reported here, including a redocking experiment with 188 diverse ligand-protein complexes and a cross-docking experiment using flexible sidechains in 87 HIV protease complexes. We also report its utility in analysis of covalently bound ligands, using both a grid-based docking method and a modification of the flexible sidechain technique.

... read more

11,532 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.SOFTX.2015.06.001
Mark Abraham1, Teemu Murtola2, Roland Schulz3, Roland Schulz4  +6 moreInstitutions (4)
01 Sep 2015-SoftwareX
Abstract: GROMACS is one of the most widely used open-source and free software codes in chemistry, used primarily for dynamical simulations of biomolecules. It provides a rich set of calculation types, prepa ...

... read more

8,050 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JP071097F
Abstract: We present an improved and extended version of our coarse grained lipid model. The new version, coined the MARTINI force field, is parametrized in a systematic way, based on the reproduction of partitioning free energies between polar and apolar phases of a large number of chemical compounds. To reproduce the free energies of these chemical building blocks, the number of possible interaction levels of the coarse-grained sites has increased compared to those of the previous model. Application of the new model to lipid bilayers shows an improved behavior in terms of the stress profile across the bilayer and the tendency to form pores. An extension of the force field now also allows the simulation of planar (ring) compounds, including sterols. Application to a bilayer/cholesterol system at various concentrations shows the typical cholesterol condensation effect similar to that observed in all atom representations.

... read more

Topics: Lipid bilayer mechanics (56%), Bilayer (52%)

3,886 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/JCC.21224
Abstract: Adequate initial configurations for molecular dynamics simulations consist of arrangements of molecules distributed in space in such a way to approximately represent the system's overall structure. In order that the simulations are not disrupted by large van der Waals repulsive interactions, atoms from different molecules must keep safe pairwise distances. Obtaining such a molecular arrangement can be considered a packing problem: Each type molecule must satisfy spatial constraints related to the geometry of the system, and the distance between atoms of different molecules must be greater than some specified tolerance. We have developed a code able to pack millions of atoms, grouped in arbitrarily complex molecules, inside a variety of three-dimensional regions. The regions may be intersections of spheres, ellipses, cylinders, planes, or boxes. The user must provide only the structure of one molecule of each type and the geometrical constraints that each type of molecule must satisfy. Building complex mixtures, interfaces, solvating biomolecules in water, other solvents, or mixtures of solvents, is straightforward. In addition, different atoms belonging to the same molecule may also be restricted to different spatial regions, in such a way that more ordered molecular arrangements can be built, as micelles, lipid double-layers, etc. The packing time for state-of-the-art molecular dynamics systems varies from a few seconds to a few minutes in a personal computer. The input files are simple and currently compatible with PDB, Tinker, Molden, or Moldy coordinate files. The package is distributed as free software and can be downloaded from http://www.ime.unicamp.br/~martinez/packmol/.

... read more

Topics: Personal computer (54%), Molecular dynamics (50%)

3,684 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TIM.2007.12.009
Marc Ongena, Philippe Jacques1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In the context of biocontrol of plant diseases, the three families of Bacillus lipopeptides – surfactins, iturins and fengycins were at first mostly studied for their antagonistic activity for a wide range of potential phytopathogens, including bacteria, fungi and oomycetes. Recent investigations have shed light on the fact that these lipopeptides can also influence the ecological fitness of the producing strain in terms of root colonization (and thereby persistence in the rhizosphere) and also have a key role in the beneficial interaction of Bacillus species with plants by stimulating host defence mechanisms. The different structural traits and physico-chemical properties of these effective surface- and membrane-active amphiphilic biomolecules explain their involvement in most of the mechanisms developed by bacteria for the biocontrol of different plant pathogens.

... read more

Topics: Plant disease (56%), Mycosubtilin (53%)

1,449 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20217