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Sean C. Garrick

Bio: Sean C. Garrick is an academic researcher from University of Minnesota. The author has contributed to research in topics: Direct numerical simulation & Particle. The author has an hindex of 19, co-authored 50 publications receiving 1711 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the state-of-the-art of this multidisciplinary area and identifying the key research challenges is provided in this paper, where the developments in diagnostics, modeling and further extensions of cross section and reaction rate databases are discussed.
Abstract: Plasma–liquid interactions represent a growing interdisciplinary area of research involving plasma science, fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, photolysis, multiphase chemistry and aerosol science. This review provides an assessment of the state-of-the-art of this multidisciplinary area and identifies the key research challenges. The developments in diagnostics, modeling and further extensions of cross section and reaction rate databases that are necessary to address these challenges are discussed. The review focusses on non-equilibrium plasmas.

1,078 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This survey, although extensive cannot include every paper; some selection is necessary, is intended to encompass the English language heat transfer papers published in 2003, including some translations of foreign language papers.

106 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the heat transfer literature published in 2005 can be found in this article, where the authors restrict themselves to papers published in English through a peer-review process, with selected translations from journals published in other languages.

96 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of heat transfer literature published in 2004 in English language, including some translations of foreign language papers, is presented in this paper, where papers are grouped into subject-oriented sections and further divided into sub-fields.

56 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, contact conduction and contact resistance were investigated. But contact conuction with convection, phase change, and phase change was not one of the main issues in this paper.

53 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The 2017 plasmas roadmap as mentioned in this paper is the first update of a planned series of periodic updates of the Plasma Roadmap, which was published by the Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics in 2012.
Abstract: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics published the first Plasma Roadmap in 2012 consisting of the individual perspectives of 16 leading experts in the various sub-fields of low temperature plasma science and technology. The 2017 Plasma Roadmap is the first update of a planned series of periodic updates of the Plasma Roadmap. The continuously growing interdisciplinary nature of the low temperature plasma field and its equally broad range of applications are making it increasingly difficult to identify major challenges that encompass all of the many sub-fields and applications. This intellectual diversity is ultimately a strength of the field. The current state of the art for the 19 sub-fields addressed in this roadmap demonstrates the enviable track record of the low temperature plasma field in the development of plasmas as an enabling technology for a vast range of technologies that underpin our modern society. At the same time, the many important scientific and technological challenges shared in this roadmap show that the path forward is not only scientifically rich but has the potential to make wide and far reaching contributions to many societal challenges.

677 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It appears that the group of schizophrenics had difficulties in social adjustment which were even greater than those of work adjustment, and the men concerned had greater difficulty in living outside hospital, than in working outside hospital.
Abstract: a time as one year after leaving the Rehabilitation Unit, and about one quarter were not in competitive jobs but were in sheltered employment. Only just over one quarter were still working in ordinary jobs. Their average wage was £8 I is. 6d. Furthermore if one compares the type of work these patients were able to perform there was a definite decline from their premorbid position. The social class grouping before and after rehabilitation was Class II, i-i, Class III, 9-3, Class IV, 4-6, and Class V, IO-I4. Indeed the authors report that 'even the least handicapped of these patients presented continuous problems . . .' and it is noted that such a programme requires special personnel and a great deal of work. Comparing these results with the extra cost in personnel, time, and effort (which could be directed elsewhere) a Doctor Beeching of the psychiatric services would probably scrap such a rehabilitation service before it even started. But is this the right way of looking at it? The authors point out that such a programme, if applied throughout the country, would affect about 6,ooo patients. If the failure rate were the same as in this experiment, about I,500 would be rescued from a disabled life in a mental hospital and once more returned to an at least partially useful and, one assumes, more satisfying life. Obviously more is involved here than mere economics. We were interested to read that as regards behaviour at the Rehabilitation Centre and during the follow-up year 'There were no outstanding differences' between the schizophrenic and the non-schizophrenic rehabilitees. It appears that the group of schizophrenics had difficulties in social adjustment which were even greater than those of work adjustment. '. . . the men concerned had greater difficulty in living outside hospital, than in working outside hospital. If, however, adequate arrangements are made to cater for these various needs, there seems to be every reason to expect that a small selected group of long stay schizophrenic patients can be successfully resettled in work.' The experiment and the report show the high standards we have come so confidently to expect from Dr. Wing and his colleagues, and the publication will be read with interest, not only by psychiatrists, but by all those concemed with rehabilitation problems of chronically disabled patients. J. HOENIG

665 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: In this article, the authors studied systems at equilibrium, i.e., systems that do not change or evolve over time, and showed that these systems do not evolve at all.
Abstract: In the preceding chapters with few exceptions we studied systems at equilibrium. This means that the systems do not change or evolve over time.

504 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a comprehensive review of thermoelectric (TE) technology encompassing the materials, applications, modelling techniques and performance improvement is carried out, including output power conditioning techniques.
Abstract: Thermoelectric (TE) technology is regarded as alternative and environmentally friendly technology for harvesting and recovering heat which is directly converted into electrical energy using thermoelectric generators (TEG). Conversely, Peltier coolers and heaters are utilized to convert electrical energy into heat energy for cooling and heating purposes The main challenge lying behind the TE technology is the low efficiency of these devices mainly due to low figure of merit (ZT) of the materials used in making them as well as improper setting of the TE systems. The objective of this work is to carry out a comprehensive review of TE technology encompassing the materials, applications, modelling techniques and performance improvement. The paper has covered a wide range of topics related to TE technology subject area including the output power conditioning techniques. The review reveals some important critical aspects regarding TE device application and performance improvement. It is observed that the intensified research into TE technology has led to an outstanding increase in ZT, rendering the use TE devices in diversified application a reality. Not only does the TE material research and TE device geometrical adjustment contributed to TE device performance improvement, but also the use of advanced TE mathematical models which have facilitated appropriate segmentation TE modules using different materials and design of integrated TE devices. TE devices are observed to have booming applications in cooling, heating, electric power generation as well as hybrid applications. With the generation of electric energy using TEG, not only does the waste heat provide heat source but also other energy sources like solar, geothermal, biomass, infra-red radiation have gained increased utilization in TE based systems. However, the main challenge remains in striking the balance between the conflicting parameters; ZT and power factor, when designing and optimizing advanced TE materials. Hence more research is necessary to overcome this and other challenge so that the performance TE device can be improved further.

398 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of surface fire spread models developed since 1990 can be found in this paper, where the authors review models of a physical or quasi-physical nature, and mathematical analogues and simulation models.
Abstract: In recent years, advances in computational power and spatial data analysis (GIS, remote sensing, etc) have led to an increase in attempts to model the spread and behaviour of wildland fires across the landscape. This series of review papers endeavours to critically and comprehensively review all types of surface fire spread models developed since 1990. This paper reviews models of a physical or quasi-physical nature. These models are based on the fundamental chemistry and/or physics of combustion and fire spread. Other papers in the series review models of an empirical or quasi-empirical nature, and mathematical analogues and simulation models. Many models are extensions or refinements of models developed before 1990. Where this is the case, these models are also discussed but much less comprehensively.

364 citations