Education•Patiāla, Punjab, India•
About: Thapar University is a(n) education organization based out in Patiāla, Punjab, India. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Cloud computing & Fuzzy logic. The organization has 2944 authors who have published 8558 publication(s) receiving 130392 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Sep 2007-Bioresource Technology
TL;DR: The purpose of this paper is to review the available information on various attributes of utilization of microbial and plant derived biomass and explores the possibility of exploiting them for heavy metal remediation.
Abstract: Discharge of heavy metals from metal processing industries is known to have adverse effects on the environment. Conventional treatment technologies for removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution are not economical and generate huge quantity of toxic chemical sludge. Biosorption of heavy metals by metabolically inactive non-living biomass of microbial or plant origin is an innovative and alternative technology for removal of these pollutants from aqueous solution. Due to unique chemical composition biomass sequesters metal ions by forming metal complexes from solution and obviates the necessity to maintain special growth-supporting conditions. Biomass of Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum, Rhizopus nigricans, Ascophyllum nodosum, Sargassum natans, Chlorella fusca, Oscillatoria anguistissima, Bacillus firmus and Streptomyces sp. have highest metal adsorption capacities ranging from 5 to 641 mg g(-1) mainly for Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu and Ni. Biomass generated as a by-product of fermentative processes offers great potential for adopting an economical metal-recovery system. The purpose of this paper is to review the available information on various attributes of utilization of microbial and plant derived biomass and explores the possibility of exploiting them for heavy metal remediation.
01 Jan 2008-Waste Management
TL;DR: The effect of recycled and waste plastic on bulk density, air content, workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, impact resistance, permeability, and abrasion resistance is discussed in this paper.
Abstract: Numerous waste materials are generated from manufacturing processes, service industries and municipal solid wastes The increasing awareness about the environment has tremendously contributed to the concerns related with disposal of the generated wastes Solid waste management is one of the major environmental concerns in the world With the scarcity of space for landfilling and due to its ever increasing cost, waste utilization has become an attractive alternative to disposal Research is being carried out on the utilization of waste products in concrete Such waste products include discarded tires, plastic, glass, steel, burnt foundry sand, and coal combustion by-products (CCBs) Each of these waste products has provided a specific effect on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete The use of waste products in concrete not only makes it economical, but also helps in reducing disposal problems Reuse of bulky wastes is considered the best environmental alternative for solving the problem of disposal One such waste is plastic, which could be used in various applications However, efforts have also been made to explore its use in concrete/asphalt concrete The development of new construction materials using recycled plastics is important to both the construction and the plastic recycling industries This paper presents a detailed review about waste and recycled plastics, waste management options, and research published on the effect of recycled plastic on the fresh and hardened properties of concrete The effect of recycled and waste plastic on bulk density, air content, workability, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, impact resistance, permeability, and abrasion resistance is discussed in this paper
01 Mar 2009-Applied Clay Science
TL;DR: In this paper, an overview of the use of metakaolin as partial replacement of cement in mortar and concrete is presented, and properties reported in this paper are the fresh mortar/concrete properties, mechanical and durability properties.
Abstract: Supplementary cementing materials (SCM) have become an integral part of high strength and high performance concrete mix design. These may be naturally occurring materials, industrial wastes, or byproducts or the ones requiring less energy to manufacture. Some of the commonly used supplementary cementing materials are fly ash, silica fume (SF), granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), rice husk ash (RHA) and metakaolin (MK), etc. Metakaolin is obtained by the calcination of kaolinite. It is being used very commonly as pozzolanic material in mortar and concrete, and has exhibited considerable influence in enhancing the mechanical and durability properties of mortar and concrete. This paper presents an overview of the work carried out on the use of MK as partial replacement of cement in mortar and concrete. Properties reported in this paper are the fresh mortar/concrete properties, mechanical and durability properties.
TL;DR: In this article, a review of biological removal of dyes from effluents of textile and dyestuff manufacturing industry offers some distinct advantages over the commonly used chemicals and physicochemical methods.
Abstract: Biological removal of dyes from effluents of textile and dyestuff manufacturing industry offers some distinct advantages over the commonly used chemicals and physicochemical methods. These include possible mineralization of the dyes to harmless inorganic compounds like carbon dioxide and water, and formation of a lesser quantity of relatively harmless sludge. Removal of dyes from these wastewaters has been reviewed with respect to biological decolorization as well as complete biodegradation of the dye molecules. Emerging techniques with reference to biological treatment of these wastewaters have been discussed under aerobic, anaerobic, and combined anaerobic–aerobic systems. Advantages and limitations of different biological methods have been highlighted, and future studies to establish these techniques for their applications on industrial scale have been suggested.
01 Dec 2015-Cement and Concrete Research
TL;DR: A review of the advances in knowledge provided by research in these areas can be found in this paper, emphasizing the impact of the research on the field and emphasizing the benefits of these advances.
Abstract: Supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) are commonly used in concrete mixtures as a replacement of a portion of clinker in cement or as a replacement of a portion of cement in concrete. This practice is favorable to the industry, generally resulting in concrete with lower cost, lower environmental impact, higher long-term strength, and improved long-term durability. SCMs have been used in Portland cement concrete for decades and many of their effects are well-understood. Most recent research on SCMs has focused on a few areas: exploring new materials, increasing replacement amounts, developing better test methods, treating or modifying materials, and using additives (e.g. limestone or nanosilica) to improve performance. The advances in knowledge provided by research in these areas are reviewed in this paper, emphasizing the impact of the research on the field.
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|Surya Prakash Singh||55||736||12989|
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