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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2020.124281

Linking microbial community structure with molecular composition of dissolved organic matter during an industrial-scale composting

05 Mar 2021-Journal of Hazardous Materials (Elsevier BV)-Vol. 405, pp 124281-124281
Abstract: This study explored the interactions between dissolved organic matter (DOM) composition and microbial community structure during an industrial-scale composting by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. The results revealed that DOM from matured compost contained primarily lignins/carboxylic-rich alicyclic molecules (73.6%), the higher double bond equivalent (5.97) and aromaticity index (0.18), indicating that the molecular composition of DOM had changed substantially. Drastic changes in microbial community structure were also observed along with the DOM transformation process of composting. Network analysis further indicated that Caldicoprobacter, Bacillus, and Dechloromonas were associated with the most DOM subcategories. Caldicoprobacter could degrade carbohydrates, Bacillus accelerated the humification by transforming N-containing compounds, and Dechloromonas could degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons distributed in low O/C. These findings are helpful for understanding the molecular mechanisms of DOM transformation and humification of sludge composting.

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Topics: Compost (54%), Dechloromonas (53%), Dissolved organic carbon (51%)
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11 results found


Open access
Juliana Valle, Michael Gonsior1, Mourad Harir2, Alex Enrich-Prast3  +5 moreInstitutions (5)
01 Apr 2018-
Abstract: Dissolved organic matter (DOM) contained in lake sediments is a carbon source for many microbial degradation processes, including aerobic and anaerobic mineralization. During anaerobic degradation, DOM is partially consumed and transformed into new molecules while the greenhouse gases methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) are produced. In this study, we used ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry to trace differences in the composition of solid-phase extractable (PPL resin) pore water DOM (SPE-DOM) isolated from surface sediments of three boreal lakes before and after 40 days of anoxic incubation, with concomitant determination of CH4 and CO2 evolution. CH4 and CO2 production detected by gas chromatography varied considerably among replicates and accounted for fractions of ∼2–4 × 10−4 of sedimentary organic carbon for CO2 and ∼0.8–2.4 × 10−5 for CH4. In contrast, the relative changes of key bulk parameters during incubation, such as relative proportions of molecular series, elemental ratios, average mass and unsaturation, were regularly in the percent range (1–3% for compounds decreasing and 4–10% for compounds increasing), i.e. several orders of magnitude higher than mineralization alone. Computation of the average carbon oxidation state in CHO molecules of lake pore water DOM revealed rather non-selective large scale transformations of organic matter during incubation, with depletion of highly oxidized and highly reduced CHO molecules, and formation of rather non-labile fulvic acid type molecules. In general, proportions of CHO compounds slightly decreased. Nearly saturated CHO and CHOS lipid-like substances declined during incubation: these rather commonplace molecules were less specific indicators of lake sediment alteration than the particular compounds, such as certain oxygenated aromatics and carboxyl-rich alicyclic acids (CRAM) found more abundant after incubation. There was a remarkable general increase in many CHNO compounds during incubation across all lakes. Differences in DOM transformation between lakes corresponded with lake size and water residence time. While in the small lake Svarttjarn, CRAM increased during incubation, lignin-and tannin-like compounds were enriched in the large lake Bisen, suggesting selective preservation of these rather non-labile aromatic compounds rather than recent synthesis. SPE-DOM after incubation may represent freshly synthesized compounds, leftover bulk DOM which is primarily composed of intrinsically refractory molecules and/or microbial metabolites which were not consumed in our experiments. In spite of a low fraction of the total DOM being mineralized to CO2 and CH4, the more pronounced change in molecular DOM composition during the incubation indicates that diagenetic modification of organic matter can be substantial compared to complete mineralization.

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Topics: Organic matter (58%), Dissolved organic carbon (56%), Mineralization (soil science) (54%) ... show more

39 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2021.125133
Yue Sun1, Xiuna Ren1, Eldon R. Rene2, Zhen Wang3  +3 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to investigate the degradation characteristics of different microplastics (polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)) and their effect on the bacterial community during composting. In this study, 0.5% PE, 0.5% PVC and 0.5% PHA microplastics were individually added to the mixture of cow manure and sawdust and then composted for 60 days. The treatment without microplastics was regarded as control. Results indicated that the abundance and smaller size (0–800 μm) of microplastics in all treatments obviously decreased after composting, except PVC treatment. The surface morphology of all microplastics occurred obvious erosions and cracks and the carbon content of PE, PVC and PHA microplastics were reduced by 30, 17 and 30%, respectively. After composting, all microplastics were significantly oxidized and the functional groups O–H, C=O and C–O increased. Furthermore, all microplastics exposure reduced the richness and diversity of bacteria community at thermophilic phase, especially PVC microplastics.

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Topics: Microplastics (67%)

12 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2021.125270
Guodi Zheng1, Bao Yu1, Yuewei Wang1, Chuang Ma2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Triclocarban (TCC) has a high detection frequency in soil, rivers, sediments, and organisms, and its ecological risks have attracted substantial attention. In this study, we analyzed the fate of TCC in four wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Zhengzhou, China, the biodegradation characteristics during the composting process, and the ecological risks of TCC when entering different environmental compartments. The concentration of TCC in the influent was 731.1–812.4 ng/L. More than 53.4% of TCC was biodegraded during the wastewater treatment process, and less than 2.5% was retained in the effluent. TCC was effectively removed through microbial degradation and sewage sludge absorption, and there were only minor differences in the different wastewater treatment processes. It is worth noting that more than 38% of TCC was enriched in sewage sludge (1430.1–1663.8 ng/g). The corresponding biodegradation rates of TCC were 65.7% and 82.8% in sewage sludge after 17 days of composting treatment with sawdust and straw as bulking agents, respectively. The estimated results showed that effluent discharge into the city rivers was safe. Composting could effectively degrade TCC and decrease the ecological risk of TCC when applied to sewage sludge.

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Topics: Sewage sludge (65%), Sewage treatment (61%), Effluent (53%)

4 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ECOENV.2021.112190
Qiu Xiuwen1, Zhou Guixiang2, Zhou Guixiang1, Wang Huijuan2  +1 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: The main contributors to antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) profiles during the composting process under the addition of biochar (BC) and peat (PT) were not fully explored. This study investigated the influence of BC and PT amendment on ARGs fate, the bacterial community and heavy metals in sewage sludge compost. Compared to control, BC and PT declined the total abundances of ARGs by 17.6% and 43.0% after composting. Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the dominant phyla across the composting process, among which, members of Firmicutes (mainly Bacillaceae) were the potential hosts for multiple ARGs. BC and PT addition declined the abundance of bacterial pathogens such as Bacteroides and Pseudomonas. Besides, the concentrations of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) and lead (Pb) were less in BC and PT treatments than control on day 40, and these metals displayed significant positive correlations to sul1 and intI1. Furthermore, variation partitioning analysis (VPA) revealed that the bacterial community exhibited the most contribution to the ARG patterns, as much as 34.0%, followed by heavy metals (10.8%) and intI1 gene (1.5%). These results suggested that biochar and peat can reduce the risks of ARGs in sewage sludge mainly by sharping the bacterial composition.

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Topics: Sludge (54%)

3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.WATRES.2021.116979
Yi Xu1, Shihong Yang1, Guoxiang You1, Jun Hou1Institutions (1)
26 Feb 2021-Water Research
Abstract: Zero valent iron (ZVI) has been previously documented to attenuate the propagation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in microbes, while how ZVI affects the evolution of ARGs remains unclear. Herein, we investigated the influences of ZVI on ARGs dissemination in anaerobic bioreactor treating oxytetracycline (tet) containing wastewater, by deciphering the roles of iron homeostasis and regulatory effects. A net reduction of tet gene targets ranging from 0.75 to 1.88 and 0.67 to 2.08 log unit in intracellular and extracellular DNA was achieved at the optimal dosage of 5 g/L ZVI, whereas 20 g/L ZVI made no effects on ARGs reduction. The reduced ARGs abundance by ZVI was directly related to the inhibited horizontal transfer of ARGs and decreased proliferation of resistant strains (mainly Paludibacter and WCHB1–32). The potential mechanisms included the increased antioxidant capacity, the depressed efflux pump system and the weakened energy driving force by Fur regulon in microbes (especially for Cloacibacterium and Dechloromonas). The negligible influence of 20 g/L ZVI on ARGs reduction was ascribed to the iron-catalyzed oxidative damage and reduced physiological activity. This study firstly illustrated the potential relationships among activation of iron uptake regulator leading to protection against oxidative stress, alternation of physiological metabolisms and reduction of ARGs dissemination. This work extents our understanding about the priority of ZVI in mitigating ARGs proliferation and sheds light on its potential application in wastewater treatment plants.

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3 Citations


References
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49 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/ISMEJ.2011.139
01 Mar 2012-The ISME Journal
Abstract: Reference phylogenies are crucial for providing a taxonomic framework for interpretation of marker gene and metagenomic surveys, which continue to reveal novel species at a remarkable rate. Greengenes is a dedicated full-length 16S rRNA gene database that provides users with a curated taxonomy based on de novo tree inference. We developed a 'taxonomy to tree' approach for transferring group names from an existing taxonomy to a tree topology, and used it to apply the Greengenes, National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and cyanoDB (Cyanobacteria only) taxonomies to a de novo tree comprising 408,315 sequences. We also incorporated explicit rank information provided by the NCBI taxonomy to group names (by prefixing rank designations) for better user orientation and classification consistency. The resulting merged taxonomy improved the classification of 75% of the sequences by one or more ranks relative to the original NCBI taxonomy with the most pronounced improvements occurring in under-classified environmental sequences. We also assessed candidate phyla (divisions) currently defined by NCBI and present recommendations for consolidation of 34 redundantly named groups. All intermediate results from the pipeline, which includes tree inference, jackknifing and transfer of a donor taxonomy to a recipient tree (tax2tree) are available for download. The improved Greengenes taxonomy should provide important infrastructure for a wide range of megasequencing projects studying ecosystems on scales ranging from our own bodies (the Human Microbiome Project) to the entire planet (the Earth Microbiome Project). The implementation of the software can be obtained from http://sourceforge.net/projects/tax2tree/.

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3,643 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.EST.7B04483
Abstract: Composting is an efficient way to convert organic waste into fertilizers. However, waste materials often contain large amounts of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that can reduce the efficacy of antibiotic treatments when transmitted to humans. Because conventional composting often fails to remove these compounds, we evaluated if hyperthermophilic composting with elevated temperature is more efficient at removing ARGs and MGEs and explored the underlying mechanisms of ARG removal of the two composting methods. We found that hyperthermophilic composting removed ARGs and MGEs more efficiently than conventional composting (89% and 49%, respectively). Furthermore, the half-lives of ARGs and MGEs were lower in hyperthermophilic compositing compared to conventional composting (67% and 58%, respectively). More-efficient removal of ARGs and MGEs was associated with a higher reduction in bacterial abundance and diversity of potential ARG hosts. Partial least-squares path modeling suggested that reduction of MGEs played a key role in ARG removal in hyperthermophilic composting, while ARG reduction was mainly driven by changes in bacterial community composition under conventional composting. Together these results suggest that hyperthermophilic composting can significantly enhance the removal of ARGs and MGEs and that the mechanisms of ARG and MGE removal can depend on composting temperature.

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149 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2018.02.050
Abstract: Illumina MiSeq sequencing and phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) were applied to study the dynamic changes and effects of microbial community structures as well as the metabolic function of bacterial community in maize straw composting process. Results showed that humic acid contents in loosely combined humus (HA1) and stably combined humus (HA2) increased after composting and Staphylococcus, Cellulosimicrobium and Ochrobactrum possibly participated in the transformation of the process. The bacterial communities differed in different stages of the composting. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were reported the dominant phyla throughout the process and the relative abundance of the dominant phyla varied significantly (p

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Topics: Firmicutes (51%)

139 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2018.09.081
Yuquan Wei1, Di Wu1, Dan Wei, Yue Zhao1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the effect of thermophilic actinomycetes inoculation on the lignocellulose degradation, enzyme activities and microbial community during different types of straw composting from wheat, rice, corn and soybean The results showed that actinomycetes inoculation not only changed the structure of actinomycetic and bacterial community but also accelerated the degradation of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin and increased the key enzymes activities including CMCase, Xylanase, manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase and laccase during composting particularly from wheat straw and rice straw The key enzyme and physiochemical parameters which affected organic fractions degradation have been identified by redundancy analysis The combined application of actinomycete inoculation and urea addition as a source of nitrogen was suggested to regulate the key enzyme activities and lignocellulose degradation, which lays a foundation for effectively managing organic wastes from different types of crop straws by composting

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Topics: Lignin peroxidase (53%), Straw (53%), Manganese peroxidase (52%) ... show more

125 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.EST.7B02194
Ziwen Yuan1, Chen He2, Quan Shi2, Chunming Xu2  +8 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Landfill leachate concentrate is a type of refractory organic wastewater with high environmental risk. Identification of refractory components and insights into the molecular transformations of the organics are essential for the development of efficient treatment process. In this report, molecular compositions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in leachate concentrate, as well as changes after anaerobic/aerobic biodegradation and coagulation with salts, were characterized using electrospray ionization (ESI) coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). DOM in leachate concentrate were more saturated and less oxidized with more nitrogen and sulfur-containing substances (accounting for 50.0%), comparing with natural organic matter in Suwannee River. Selectivity for different classes of organics during biodegradation and coagulation processes was observed. Substances with low oxidation degree (O/C < 0.3) were more reactive during biodegradation process, leading to the f...

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Topics: Leachate (55%), Biodegradation (52%), Dissolved organic carbon (52%)

107 Citations