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Web Science

About: Web Science is an academic conference. The conference publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Social media. Over the lifetime, 7511 publication(s) have been published by the conference receiving 364117 citation(s). more

Topics: Population, Social media, Magnetosphere more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/290457A0
Stephen Anderson1, Alan T. Bankier1, Bart Barrell1, M.H.L. de Bruijn1  +14 moreInstitutions (5)
09 Apr 1981-
Abstract: The complete sequence of the 16,569-base pair human mitochondrial genome is presented. The genes for the 12S and 16S rRNAs, 22 tRNAs, cytochrome c oxidase subunits I, II and III, ATPase subunit 6, cytochrome b and eight other predicted protein coding genes have been located. The sequence shows extreme economy in that the genes have none or only a few noncoding bases between them, and in many cases the termination codons are not coded in the DNA but are created post-transcriptionally by polyadenylation of the mRNAs. more

8,509 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/140/6/1868
Edward L. Wright1, Peter Eisenhardt2, Amy Mainzer2, Michael E. Ressler2  +35 moreInstitutions (13)
01 Dec 2010-
Abstract: The all sky surveys done by the Palomar Observatory Schmidt, the European Southern Observatory Schmidt, and the United Kingdom Schmidt, the InfraRed Astronomical Satellite and the 2 Micron All Sky Survey have proven to be extremely useful tools for astronomy with value that lasts for decades. The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer is mapping the whole sky following its launch on 14 December 2009. WISE began surveying the sky on 14 Jan 2010 and completed its first full coverage of the sky on July 17. The survey will continue to cover the sky a second time until the cryogen is exhausted (anticipated in November 2010). WISE is achieving 5 sigma point source sensitivities better than 0.08, 0.11, 1 and 6 mJy in unconfused regions on the ecliptic in bands centered at wavelengths of 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 micrometers. Sensitivity improves toward the ecliptic poles due to denser coverage and lower zodiacal background. The angular resolution is 6.1", 6.4", 6.5" and 12.0" at 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 micrometers, and the astrometric precision for high SNR sources is better than 0.15". more

Topics: Infrared astronomy (55%), Observatory (53%), Sky (52%) more

6,312 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE04226
John W. Belmont1, Andrew Boudreau, Suzanne M. Leal1, Paul Hardenbol  +229 moreInstitutions (40)
27 Oct 2005-
Abstract: Inherited genetic variation has a critical but as yet largely uncharacterized role in human disease. Here we report a public database of common variation in the human genome: more than one million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for which accurate and complete genotypes have been obtained in 269 DNA samples from four populations, including ten 500-kilobase regions in which essentially all information about common DNA variation has been extracted. These data document the generality of recombination hotspots, a block-like structure of linkage disequilibrium and low haplotype diversity, leading to substantial correlations of SNPs with many of their neighbours. We show how the HapMap resource can guide the design and analysis of genetic association studies, shed light on structural variation and recombination, and identify loci that may have been subject to natural selection during human evolution. more

Topics: Tag SNP (65%), International HapMap Project (64%), Structural variation (62%) more

5,359 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA050496
14 Apr 2005-
Abstract: background Cardiac resynchronization reduces symptoms and improves left ventricular function in many patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and cardiac dyssynchrony We evaluated its effects on morbidity and mortality methods Patients with New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and cardiac dyssynchrony who were receiving standard pharmacologic therapy were randomly assigned to receive medical therapy alone or with cardiac resynchronization The primary end point was the time to death from any cause or an unplanned hospitalization for a major cardiovascular event The principal secondary end point was death from any cause results A total of 813 patients were enrolled and followed for a mean of 294 months The primary end point was reached by 159 patients in the cardiac-resynchronization group, as compared with 224 patients in the medical-therapy group (39 percent vs 55 percent; hazard ratio, 063; 95 percent confidence interval, 051 to 077; P<0001) There were 82 deaths in the cardiac-resynchronization group, as compared with 120 in the medical-therapy group (20 percent vs 30 percent; hazard ratio 064; 95 percent confidence interval, 048 to 085; P<0002) As compared with medical therapy, cardiac resynchronization reduced the interventricular mechanical delay, the end-systolic volume index, and the area of the mitral regurgitant jet; increased the left ventricular ejection fraction; and improved symptoms and the quality of life (P<001 for all comparisons) conclusions In patients with heart failure and cardiac dyssynchrony, cardiac resynchronization improves symptoms and the quality of life and reduces complications and the risk of death These benefits are in addition to those afforded by standard pharmacologic therapy The implantation of a cardiac-resynchronization device should routinely be considered in such patients more

5,252 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1086/422091
Neil Gehrels1, G. Chincarini2, G. Chincarini3, Paolo Giommi  +74 moreInstitutions (28)
20 Aug 2004-
Abstract: The Swift mission, scheduled for launch in 2004, is a multiwavelength observatory for gamma-ray burst (GRB) astronomy. It is a first-of-its-kind autonomous rapid-slewing satellite for transient astronomy and pioneers the way for future rapid-reaction and multiwavelength missions. It will be far more powerful than any previous GRB mission, observing more than 100 bursts yr � 1 and performing detailed X-ray and UV/optical afterglow observations spanning timescales from 1 minute to several days after the burst. The objectives are to (1) determine the origin of GRBs, (2) classify GRBs and search for new types, (3) study the interaction of the ultrarelativistic outflows of GRBs with their surrounding medium, and (4) use GRBs to study the early universe out to z >10. The mission is being developed by a NASA-led international collaboration. It will carry three instruments: a newgeneration wide-field gamma-ray (15‐150 keV) detector that will detect bursts, calculate 1 0 ‐4 0 positions, and trigger autonomous spacecraft slews; a narrow-field X-ray telescope that will give 5 00 positions and perform spectroscopy in the 0.2‐10 keV band; and a narrow-field UV/optical telescope that will operate in the 170‐ 600 nm band and provide 0B3 positions and optical finding charts. Redshift determinations will be made for most bursts. In addition to the primary GRB science, the mission will perform a hard X-ray survey to a sensitivity of � 1m crab (� 2;10 � 11 ergs cm � 2 s � 1 in the 15‐150 keV band), more than an order of magnitude better than HEAO 1 A-4. A flexible data and operations system will allow rapid follow-up observations of all types of more

Topics: GRB 090423 (62%), GRB 050509B (61%), Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission (59%) more

3,401 Citations

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Conference's top 5 most impactful authors

Stanley W. H. Cowley

103 papers, 7.4K citations

Mark Lester

49 papers, 990 citations

Lev Uvarov

42 papers, 4.6K citations

Robert Hirosky

39 papers, 4.2K citations

Jovan Milosevic

34 papers, 4.6K citations

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