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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1073/PNAS.2019194118

The amino-terminal domain of GluA1 mediates LTP maintenance via interaction with neuroplastin-65.

02 Mar 2021-Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)-Vol. 118, Iss: 9
Abstract: Long-term potentiation (LTP) has long been considered as an important cellular mechanism for learning and memory. LTP expression involves NMDA receptor-dependent synaptic insertion of AMPA receptors (AMPARs). However, how AMPARs are recruited and anchored at the postsynaptic membrane during LTP remains largely unknown. In this study, using CRISPR/Cas9 to delete the endogenous AMPARs and replace them with the mutant forms in single neurons, we have found that the amino-terminal domain (ATD) of GluA1 is required for LTP maintenance. Moreover, we show that GluA1 ATD directly interacts with the cell adhesion molecule neuroplastin-65 (Np65). Neurons lacking Np65 exhibit severely impaired LTP maintenance, and Np65 deletion prevents GluA1 from rescuing LTP in AMPARs-deleted neurons. Thus, our study reveals an essential role for GluA1/Np65 binding in anchoring AMPARs at the postsynaptic membrane during LTP.

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Topics: Neuroplastin (56%), Long-term potentiation (56%), AMPA receptor (52%)

8 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.NEUROPHARM.2021.108710
Javier Díaz-Alonso1, Roger A. Nicoll2Institutions (2)
13 Jul 2021-Neuropharmacology
Abstract: AMPA receptors (AMPARs) are fundamental elements in excitatory synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in the CNS. Long term potentiation (LTP), a form of synaptic plasticity which contributes to learning and memory formation, relies on the accumulation of AMPARs at the postsynapse. This phenomenon requires the coordinated recruitment of different elements in the AMPAR complex. Based on recent research reviewed herein, we propose an updated AMPAR trafficking and LTP model which incorporates both extracellular as well as intracellular mechanisms. This article is part of the special Issue on ‘Glutamate Receptors – AMPA receptors’.

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Topics: AMPA receptor (63%), Synaptic plasticity (62%), Postsynapse (61%) ... show more

3 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1371/JOURNAL.PGEN.1009608
23 Jun 2021-PLOS Genetics
Abstract: The X-linked GRIA3 gene encodes the GLUA3 subunit of AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Pathogenic variants in this gene were previously reported in neurodevelopmental diseases, mostly in male patients but rarely in females. Here we report a de novo pathogenic missense variant in GRIA3 (c.1979G>C; p. R660T) identified in a 1-year-old female patient with severe epilepsy and global developmental delay. When exogenously expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells, GLUA3_R660T showed slower desensitization and deactivation kinetics compared to wildtype (wt) GLUA3 receptors. Substantial non-desensitized currents were observed with the mutant but not for wt GLUA3 with prolonged exposure to glutamate. When co-expressed with GLUA2, the decay kinetics were similarly slowed in GLUA2/A3_R660T with non-desensitized steady state currents. In cultured cerebellar granule neurons, miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) were significantly slower in R660T transfected cells than those expressing wt GLUA3. When overexpressed in hippocampal CA1 neurons by in utero electroporation, the evoked EPSCs and mEPSCs were slower in neurons expressing R660T mutant compared to those expressing wt GLUA3. Therefore our study provides functional evidence that a gain of function (GoF) variant in GRIA3 may cause epileptic encephalopathy and global developmental delay in a female subject by enhancing synaptic transmission.

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Topics: Glutamate receptor (53%), Neurotransmission (51%), HEK 293 cells (51%) ... show more

2 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FNMOL.2021.754631
Abstract: Regulated delivery of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) to the postsynaptic membrane is an essential step in synaptic strength modification, and in particular, long-term potentiation (LTP). While LTP has been extensively studied using electrophysiology and light microscopy, several questions regarding the molecular mechanisms of AMPAR delivery via trafficking vesicles remain outstanding, including the gross molecular make up of AMPAR trafficking organelles and identification and location of calcium sensors required for SNARE complex-dependent membrane fusion of such trafficking vesicles with the plasma membrane. Here, we isolated AMPA-containing vesicles (ACVs) from whole mouse brains via immunoisolation and characterized them using immunoelectron microscopy, immunoblotting, and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We identified several proteins on ACVs that were previously found to play a role in AMPAR trafficking, including synaptobrevin-2, Rabs, the SM protein Munc18-1, the calcium-sensor synaptotagmin-1, as well as several new candidates, including synaptophysin and synaptogyrin on ACV membranes. Additionally, we identified two populations of ACVs based on size and molecular composition: small-diameter, synaptobrevin-2- and GluA1-containing ACVs, and larger transferrin- receptor-, GluA1-, GluA2-, and GluA3-containing ACVs. The small-diameter population of ACVs may represent a fusion-capable population of vesicles due to the presence of synaptobrevin-2. Because the fusion of ACVs may be a requisite of LTP, this population could represent trafficking vesicles related to LTP.

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Topics: Vesicle fusion (55%), Population (52%), Immunoelectron microscopy (52%) ... show more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.NEUROPHARM.2021.108709
13 Jul 2021-Neuropharmacology
Abstract: AMPA-type glutamate receptors mediate the majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Their signaling properties and abundance at synapses are both crucial determinants of synapse efficacy and plasticity, and are therefore under sophisticated control. Unique to this ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) is the abundance of interacting proteins that contribute to its complex regulation. These include transient interactions with the receptor cytoplasmic tail as well as the N-terminal domain locating to the synaptic cleft, both of which are involved in AMPAR trafficking and receptor stabilization at the synapse. Moreover, an array of transmembrane proteins operate as auxiliary subunits that in addition to receptor trafficking and stabilization also substantially impact AMPAR gating and pharmacology. Here, we provide an overview of the catalogue of AMPAR interacting proteins, and how they contribute to the complex biology of this central glutamate receptor. This article is part of the special Issue on ‘Glutamate Receptors – AMPA receptors’.

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Topics: Ionotropic glutamate receptor (71%), AMPA receptor (65%), Synaptic cleft (58%) ... show more

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/GENES12101507
26 Sep 2021-Genes
Abstract: Molecular mechanisms underlying neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases are insufficiently elucidated. A detailed understanding of these mechanisms may help to further improve medical intervention. Recently, intellectual abilities, creativity, and amnesia have been associated with neuroplastin, a cell recognition glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily that participates in synapse formation and function and calcium signaling. Data from animal models suggest a role for neuroplastin in pathways affected in neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Neuroplastin loss or disruption of molecular pathways related to neuronal processes has been linked to various neurological diseases, including dementia, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer's disease. Here, we review the molecular features of the cell recognition molecule neuroplastin, and its binding partners, which are related to neurological processes and involved in learning and memory. The emerging functions of neuroplastin may have implications for the treatment of diseases, particularly those of the nervous system.

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Topics: Neuroplastin (88%)


44 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1113/JPHYSIOL.1973.SP010273
Abstract: 1. The after-effects of repetitive stimulation of the perforant path fibres to the dentate area of the hippocampal formation have been examined with extracellular micro-electrodes in rabbits anaesthetized with urethane.2. In fifteen out of eighteen rabbits the population response recorded from granule cells in the dentate area to single perforant path volleys was potentiated for periods ranging from 30 min to 10 hr after one or more conditioning trains at 10-20/sec for 10-15 sec, or 100/sec for 3-4 sec.3. The population response was analysed in terms of three parameters: the amplitude of the population excitatory post-synaptic potential (e.p.s.p.), signalling the depolarization of the granule cells, and the amplitude and latency of the population spike, signalling the discharge of the granule cells.4. All three parameters were potentiated in 29% of the experiments; in other experiments in which long term changes occurred, potentiation was confined to one or two of the three parameters. A reduction in the latency of the population spike was the commonest sign of potentiation, occurring in 57% of all experiments. The amplitude of the population e.p.s.p. was increased in 43%, and of the population spike in 40%, of all experiments.5. During conditioning at 10-20/sec there was massive potentiation of the population spike (;frequency potentiation'). The spike was suppressed during stimulation at 100/sec. Both frequencies produced long-term potentiation.6. The results suggest that two independent mechanisms are responsible for long-lasting potentiation: (a) an increase in the efficiency of synaptic transmission at the perforant path synapses; (b) an increase in the excitability of the granule cell population.

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Topics: Long-term synaptic potentiation (63%), Perforant path (61%), Perforant Pathway (60%) ... show more

6,705 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.287.5461.2262
24 Mar 2000-Science
Abstract: To elucidate mechanisms that control and execute activity-dependent synaptic plasticity, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate receptors (AMPA-Rs) with an electrophysiological tag were expressed in rat hippocampal neurons. Long-term potentiation (LTP) or increased activity of the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) induced delivery of tagged AMPA-Rs into synapses. This effect was not diminished by mutating the CaMKII phosphorylation site on the GluR1 AMPA-R subunit, but was blocked by mutating a predicted PDZ domain interaction site. These results show that LTP and CaMKII activity drive AMPA-Rs to synapses by a mechanism that requires the association between GluR1 and a PDZ domain protein.

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Topics: Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (61%), PDZ domain (60%), Long-term potentiation (58%) ... show more

1,495 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.284.5421.1811
Song-Hai Shi1, Yasunori Hayashi1, Ronald S. Petralia2, Shahid Zaman1  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
11 Jun 1999-Science
Abstract: To monitor changes in alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) receptor distribution in living neurons, the AMPA receptor subunit GluR1 was tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP). This protein (GluR1-GFP) was functional and was transiently expressed in hippocampal CA1 neurons. In dendrites visualized with two-photon laser scanning microscopy or electron microscopy, most of the GluR1-GFP was intracellular, mimicking endogenous GluR1 distribution. Tetanic synaptic stimulation induced a rapid delivery of tagged receptors into dendritic spines as well as clusters in dendrites. These postsynaptic trafficking events required synaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation and may contribute to the enhanced AMPA receptor-mediatedtransmission observed during long-term potentiation and activity-dependent synaptic maturation.

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Topics: AMPA receptor (69%), Long-term potentiation (64%), Dendritic spine (64%) ... show more

1,282 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0092-8674(01)00321-X
04 May 2001-Cell
Abstract: AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPA-Rs) mediate a majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the brain. In hippocampus, most AMPA-Rs are hetero-oligomers composed of GluR1/GluR2 or GluR2/GluR3 subunits. Here we show that these AMPA-R forms display different synaptic delivery mechanisms. GluR1/GluR2 receptors are added to synapses during plasticity; this requires interactions between GluR1 and group I PDZ domain proteins. In contrast, GluR2/GluR3 receptors replace existing synaptic receptors continuously; this occurs only at synapses that already have AMPA-Rs and requires interactions by GluR2 with NSF and group II PDZ domain proteins. The combination of regulated addition and continuous replacement of synaptic receptors can stabilize long-term changes in synaptic efficacy and may serve as a general model for how surface receptor number is established and maintained.

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Topics: Metaplasticity (67%), Silent synapse (67%), Long-term depression (66%) ... show more

1,055 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.NEURON.2009.01.015
Helmut W. Kessels1, Roberto Malinow1Institutions (1)
12 Feb 2009-Neuron
Abstract: The ability to change behavior likely depends on the selective strengthening and weakening of brain synapses. The cellular models of synaptic plasticity, long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD) of synaptic strength, can be expressed by the synaptic insertion or removal of AMPA receptors (AMPARs), respectively. We here present an overview of studies that have used animal models to show that such AMPAR trafficking underlies several experience-driven phenomena—from neuronal circuit formation to the modification of behavior. We argue that monitoring and manipulating synaptic AMPAR trafficking represents an attractive means to study cognitive function and dysfunction in animal models.

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Topics: Metaplasticity (70%), Synaptic augmentation (68%), Synaptic scaling (68%) ... show more

882 Citations

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