Government•Montreal, Quebec, Canada•
About: Hydro-Québec is a(n) government organization based out in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Electric power system & Dielectric. The organization has 2596 authors who have published 4433 publication(s) receiving 100878 citation(s).
Topics: Electric power system, Dielectric, Electrolyte, Lithium, Electrode
Papers published on a yearly basis
Uppsala University1, Iowa State University2, University of Minnesota3, University of Siena4, United States Geological Survey5, Trent University6, University of Regina7, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill8, Miami University9, Finnish Environment Institute10, Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland11, University of Oslo12, Université du Québec13, Virginia Commonwealth University14, University of Colorado Boulder15, University of California, Santa Barbara16, University of the Sciences17, Université du Québec à Montréal18, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora19, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation20, University of Alberta21, ETH Zurich22, Hydro-Québec23
01 Nov 2009-Limnology and Oceanography
TL;DR: The role of lakes in carbon cycling and global climate, examine the mechanisms influencing carbon pools and transformations in lakes, and discuss how the metabolism of carbon in the inland waters is likely to change in response to climate.
Abstract: We explore the role of lakes in carbon cycling and global climate, examine the mechanisms influencing carbon pools and transformations in lakes, and discuss how the metabolism of carbon in the inland waters is likely to change in response to climate. Furthermore, we project changes as global climate change in the abundance and spatial distribution of lakes in the biosphere, and we revise the estimate for the global extent of carbon transformation in inland waters. This synthesis demonstrates that the global annual emissions of carbon dioxide from inland waters to the atmosphere are similar in magnitude to the carbon dioxide uptake by the oceans and that the global burial of organic carbon in inland water sediments exceeds organic carbon sequestration on the ocean floor. The role of inland waters in global carbon cycling and climate forcing may be changed by human activities, including construction of impoundments, which accumulate large amounts of carbon in sediments and emit large amounts of methane to the atmosphere. Methane emissions are also expected from lakes on melting permafrost. The synthesis presented here indicates that (1) inland waters constitute a significant component of the global carbon cycle, (2) their contribution to this cycle has significantly changed as a result of human activities, and (3) they will continue to change in response to future climate change causing decreased as well as increased abundance of lakes as well as increases in the number of aquatic impoundments.
TL;DR: In this article, an extensive mechanical milling was used to make MgH2-Tm (Tm=3d-transition elements Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Ni) nanocomposite powders.
Abstract: Intensive mechanical milling was used to make MgH2–Tm (Tm=3d-transition elements Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Ni) nanocomposite powders. The hydrogen storage properties of these composite powders were evaluated. The five 3d-elements Ti, V, Mn, Fe and Ni showed different catalytic effects on the reaction kinetics of Mg–H system. Desorption was most rapid for MgH2–V, followed by MgH2–Ti, MgH2–Fe, MgH2–Ni and MgH2–Mn at low temperatures. The composites containing Ti exhibited the most rapid absorption kinetics, followed in order by Mg–V, Mg–Fe, Mg–Mn and Mg–Ni. Formation enthalpy and entropy of magnesium hydride were not altered by milling with transition metals, while the activation energy of desorption for magnesium hydride was reduced drastically.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a systematic study of structural modifications and hydrogen absorption-desorption kinetics of ball-milled magnesium hydride, and they show that after only 2 h of milling, a metastable orthorhombic (γ)-morphological phase is formed.
Abstract: It has recently been discovered that energetic ball milling of hydrides can improve their hydrogen sorption properties significantly. In this work, we present a systematic study of structural modifications and hydrogen absorption–desorption kinetics of ball-milled magnesium hydride. Structural investigations showed that after only 2 h of milling, a metastable orthorhombic (γ) magnesium hydride phase is formed. A Rietveld analysis of the X-ray diffraction spectrum of the 20 h milled sample gave a proportion of 74 wt.% MgH2, 18 wt.% γ MgH2 and 8 wt.% MgO. The hydrogen capacity and sorption kinetics were measured before and after milling. We found that the sorption kinetics are much faster for the milled sample compared to the unmilled one. This explains the fact that the hydrogen desorption temperature of the ball-milled sample as measured by pressured differential scanning calorimetry (PDSC), is reduced by 64 K compared to the unmilled sample. There is no significant change of the storage capacity upon milling and the absorption plateau pressure does not change. From the desorption curves, the activation energy was deduced. The milling also increased the specific surface area. This was confirmed by SEM micrographs and BET measurements. Possible mechanisms explaining the improved kinetics are presented.
Showing all 2596 results
|John B. Goodenough||151||1064||113741|
|Jackie Y. Ying||89||587||35694|
|M. V. Reddy||66||254||15772|
|Taha B. M. J. Ouarda||58||349||12230|
|Michael R. Wertheimer||54||320||11003|
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