St Bartholomew's Hospital
Healthcare•London, United Kingdom•
About: St Bartholomew's Hospital is a(n) healthcare organization based out in London, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Cancer. The organization has 11054 authors who have published 13229 publication(s) receiving 501102 citation(s). The organization is also known as: St. Bartholomew's Hospital & The Royal Hospital of St Bartholomew.
Topics: Population, Cancer, Transplantation, Diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The international index and the age-adjusted international index should be used in the design of future therapeutic trials in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and in the selection of appropriate therapeutic approaches for individual patients.
Abstract: BACKGROUND Although many patients with intermediate-grade or high-grade (aggressive) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are cured by combination chemotherapy, the remainder are not cured and ultimately die of their disease. The Ann Arbor classification, used to determine the stage of this disease, does not consistently distinguish between patients with different long-term prognoses. This project was undertaken to develop a model for predicting outcome in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on the basis of the patients' clinical characteristics before treatment. METHODS Adults with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from 16 institutions and cooperative groups in the United States, Europe, and Canada who were treated between 1982 and 1987 with combination-chemotherapy regimens containing doxorubicin were evaluated for clinical features predictive of overall survival and relapse-free survival. Features that remained independently significant in step-down regression analyses of survival were incorporated into models that identified groups of patients of all ages and groups of patients no more than 60 years old with different risks of death. RESULTS In 2031 patients of all ages, our model, based on age, tumor stage, serum lactate dehydrogenase concentration, performance status, and number of extranodal disease sites, identified four risk groups with predicted five-year survival rates of 73 percent, 51 percent, 43 percent, and 26 percent. In 1274 patients 60 or younger, an age-adjusted model based on tumor stage, lactate dehydrogenase level, and performance status identified four risk groups with predicted five-year survival rates of 83 percent, 69 percent, 46 percent, and 32 percent. In both models, the increased risk of death was due to both a lower rate of complete responses and a higher rate of relapse from complete response. These two indexes, called the international index and the age-adjusted international index, were significantly more accurate than the Ann Arbor classification in predicting long-term survival. CONCLUSIONS The international index and the age-adjusted international index should be used in the design of future therapeutic trials in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and in the selection of appropriate therapeutic approaches for individual patients.
09 Nov 1974-The Lancet
TL;DR: For assessing response to treatment, a pain-relief scale has advantages over a pain scale as discussed by the authors, which cannot be said to have been relieved unless pain or pain relief has been directly measured.
Abstract: Of the various methods for measuring pain the visual analogue scale seems to be the most sensitive For assessing response to treatment a pain-relief scale has advantages over a pain scale Pain cannot be said to have been relieved unless pain or pain relief has been directly measured
Umeå University1, University of Rennes2, University of Texas at Austin3, Charles University in Prague4, Hanover College5, University of Aberdeen6, University of Coimbra7, Radboud University Nijmegen8, St Bartholomew's Hospital9, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich10, University of Eastern Piedmont11, Netherlands Cancer Institute12
01 Sep 2010-European Urology
TL;DR: The 2014 RCC guideline has been updated by a multidisciplinary panel using the highest methodological standards, and provides the best and most reliable contemporary evidence base for RCC management.
Abstract: CONTEXT: The European Association of Urology Guideline Panel for Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has prepared evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for RCC management. OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the 2010 RCC guideline based on a standardised methodology that is robust, transparent, reproducible, and reliable. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: For the 2014 update, the panel prioritised the following topics: percutaneous biopsy of renal masses, treatment of localised RCC (including surgical and nonsurgical management), lymph node dissection, management of venous thrombus, systemic therapy, and local treatment of metastases, for which evidence synthesis was undertaken based on systematic reviews adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Relevant databases (Medline, Cochrane Library, trial registries, conference proceedings) were searched (January 2000 to November 2013) including randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and retrospective or controlled studies with a comparator arm. Risk of bias (RoB) assessment and qualitative and quantitative synthesis of the evidence were performed. The remaining sections of the document were updated following a structured literature assessment. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: All chapters of the RCC guideline were updated. For the various systematic reviews, the search identified a total of 10,862 articles. A total of 151 studies reporting on 78,792 patients were eligible for inclusion; where applicable, data from RCTs were included and meta-analyses were performed. For RCTs, there was low RoB across studies; however, clinical and methodological heterogeneity prevented data pooling for most studies. The majority of studies included were retrospective with matched or unmatched cohorts based on single or multi-institutional data or national registries. The exception was for systemic treatment of metastatic RCC, in which several RCTs have been performed, resulting in recommendations based on higher levels of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: The 2014 guideline has been updated by a multidisciplinary panel using the highest methodological standards, and provides the best and most reliable contemporary evidence base for RCC management. PATIENT SUMMARY: The European Association of Urology Guideline Panel for Renal Cell Carcinoma has thoroughly evaluated available research data on kidney cancer to establish international standards for the care of kidney cancer patients
The Heart Research Institute1, St Bartholomew's Hospital2, Karolinska Institutet3, University of Amsterdam4, Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University5, Autonomous University of Madrid6, Columbia University7, Université de Montréal8, University of California, San Francisco9, Pfizer10, University of Wisconsin-Madison11
TL;DR: Although there was evidence of an off-target effect of torcetrapib, it cannot rule out adverse effects related to CETP inhibition, and the trial was terminated prematurely because of an increased risk of death and cardiac events.
Abstract: Background Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) has been shown to have a substantial effect on plasma lipoprotein levels. We investigated whether torcetrapib, a potent CETP inhibitor, might reduce major cardiovascular events. The trial was terminated prematurely because of an increased risk of death and cardiac events in patients receiving torcetrapib. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind study involving 15,067 patients at high cardiovascular risk. The patients received either torcetrapib plus atorvastatin or atorvastatin alone. The primary outcome was the time to the first major cardiovascular event, which was defined as death from coronary heart disease, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization for unstable angina. Results At 12 months in patients who received torcetrapib, there was an increase of 72.1% in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a decrease of 24.9% in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, as compared with baseline (P<0.001 for both compari...
TL;DR: Most patients could readily use visual analogue and graphic rating scales despite having no previous experience and use of these scales is the best available method for measuring pain or pain relief.
Abstract: Of the different types of visual analogue and graphic rating scales tested in a series of experiments, only two were satisfactory: these were the visual analogue scale and the graphic rating scales used horizontally with the words spread out along the whole length of the line. Other types of scale used gave distributions of results which were not uniform. Unusual distribution of results occurred when patients selected a position adjacent either to descriptive terms or preferred numbers. In some experiments, the distribution of results was determined by the nature of the experiment. Alternation of the ends of a scale did not affect the results. The behaviour of the graphic rating scale was different in patients accustomed to completing it and in those not so accustomed. The results of pain severity measured by these methods showed a very good correlation with pain severity measured by the simple descriptive pain scale. Changes in visual analogue scores also correlated well with changes in simple descriptive pain scores. The visual analogue and graphic rating scales were more sensitive than the traditional simple descriptive pain scale. Most patients could readily use visual analogue and graphic rating scales despite having no previous experience. The failure rate was slightly lower with the graphic rating method. Use of these scales is the best available method for measuring pain or pain relief.
Showing all 11054 results
|Michael A. Kamm||124||637||53606|
|Derek M. Yellon||122||638||54319|
|Walter F. Bodmer||121||579||68679|
|John E. Deanfield||120||497||61067|
|William C. Sessa||117||383||52208|
|Timothy G. Dinan||116||689||60561|
|Bruce A.J. Ponder||116||403||54796|
|Alexandra J. Lansky||114||632||54445|
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