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Author

Deleep R. Nair

Bio: Deleep R. Nair is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Metal gate & Leakage (electronics). The author has an hindex of 12, co-authored 62 publication(s) receiving 632 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Deleep R. Nair include Indian Institutes of Technology & Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
X. Chen1, S. Samavedam2, Vijay Narayanan1, Kenneth J. Stein1  +42 moreInstitutions (5)
17 Jun 2008
Abstract: For the first time, we have demonstrated a 32 nm high-k/metal gate (HK-MG) low power CMOS platform technology with low standby leakage transistors and functional high-density SRAM with a cell size of 0.157 mum2. Record NMOS/PMOS drive currents of 1000/575 muA/mum, respectively, have been achieved at 1 nA/mum off-current and 1.1 V Vdd with a low cost process. With this high performance transistor, Vdd can be further scaled to 1.0 V for active power reduction. Through aggressive EOT scaling and band-edge work-function metal gate stacks, appropriate Vts and superior short channel control has been achieved for both NMOS and PMOS at Lgate = 30 nm. Compared to SiON-Poly, 30% RO delay reduction has been demonstrated with HK-MG devices. 40% Vt mismatch reduction has been shown with the Tinv scaling. Furthermore, it has been shown that the 1/f noise and transistor reliability exceed the technology requirements.

112 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Siddarth A. Krishnan1, Unoh Kwon1, Naim Moumen1, Matthew W. Stoker1  +59 moreInstitutions (6)
01 Dec 2011
Abstract: Band-gap engineering using SiGe channels to reduce the threshold voltage (V TH ) in p-channel MOSFETs has enabled a simplified gate-first high-к/metal gate (HKMG) CMOS integration flow. Integrating Silicon-Germanium channels (cSiGe) on silicon wafers for SOC applications has unique challenges like the oxidation rate differential with silicon, defectivity and interface state density in the unoptimized state, and concerns with T inv scalability. In overcoming these challenges, we show that we can leverage the superior mobility, low threshold voltage and NBTI of cSiGe channels in high-performance (HP) and low power (LP) HKMG CMOS logic MOSFETs with multiple oxides utilizing dual channels for nFET and pFET.

103 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Franck Arnaud1, Jinping Liu2, Y.M. Lee3, K.Y. Lim3  +32 moreInstitutions (6)
01 Dec 2008
Abstract: This paper presents for the first time a full 32 nm CMOS technology for high data rate and low operating power applications using a conventional high-k with single metal gate stack. High speed digital transistors are demonstrated 22% delay reduction for ring oscillator (RO) at same power versus previous SiON technology. Significant matching factor (AVT) improvement (AVT~2.8 mV.um) and low 1/f noise aligned with poly SiON are reported. Excellent static noise margin (SNM) of 213 mV has been achieved at low voltage for a high density 0.157 um2 SRAM cell. Hierarchical BEOL based on extreme low k (ELK) dielectric (k~2.4) is presented allowing high density wiring with low RC delay. Reliability criteria have been met for hot carrier injection (HCI), gate dielectric break-down (TDDB) and bias temperature instability (BTI) extracted at 125degC.

66 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
H.S. Yang1, Robert C. Wong1, R. Hasumi2, Y. Gao3  +29 moreInstitutions (6)
01 Dec 2008
Abstract: This paper describes SRAM scaling for 32 nm low power bulk technology, enabled by high-K metal gate process, down to 0.149 mum2 and 0.124 mum2. SRAM access stability and write margin are significantly improved through a 50% Vt mismatch reduction, thanks to HK-MG Tinv scaling. Cell read current is increased by 70% over Poly-SiON process. Ultra dense cell process window is expanded with optimized contact process. A dual-ground write assist option can additionally enable ultra dense 0.124 mum2 cell to meet low power application requirements.

48 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Franck Arnaud1, Aaron Thean2, Manfred Eller3, M. Lipinski3  +28 moreInstitutions (7)
01 Dec 2009
Abstract: In this paper, we present a cost-effective 28nm CMOS technology for low power (LP) applications based on a high-k, single-metal-gate-first architecture. We report raw gate densities up to 4200 kGate/mm2, and, using the ARM Cortex-R4F as a reference, we report achievement of an overall 2.4x area reduction in 28nm from 45nm technology. Our high-density SRAM bit-cell (area= 0.120mm2) has a demonstrated Static Noise Margin (SNM) of 213mV at 1V. Fully compatible with power/leakage management techniques intensively used in low power designs, the transistor drive currents are increased +35% & +10%, for nFET and pFET respectively, with respect to a 28nm LP poly/SiON reference [3]. Compatible with LP system-on-chip requirements, ultra low-cost, high performance analog devices are reported which leverage a dramatic improvement in matching factor (AVT∼2mV.um) versus our previously-reported result [2]. An optimized interconnection scheme based on Extreme Low k (ELK) dielectric (k∼2.4) and advanced metallization allows high density wiring with competitive R-C versus our previous technology.

45 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
K. Kuhn1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: Transistor architectures such as extremely thin silicon-on-insulator and FinFET (and related architecture such as TriGate, Omega-FET, Pi-Gate), as well as nanowire device architectures, are compared and contrasted.
Abstract: This review paper explores considerations for ultimate CMOS transistor scaling Transistor architectures such as extremely thin silicon-on-insulator and FinFET (and related architectures such as TriGate, Omega-FET, Pi-Gate), as well as nanowire device architectures, are compared and contrasted Key technology challenges (such as advanced gate stacks, mobility, resistance, and capacitance) shared by all of the architectures will be discussed in relation to recent research results

514 citations


Patent
Sung-Li Wang1, Ding-Kang Shih1, Chin-Hsiang Lin1, Sey-Ping Sun1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
23 Mar 2012
Abstract: The disclosure relates to a semiconductor device. An exemplary structure for a contact structure for a semiconductor device comprises a substrate comprising a major surface and a cavity below the major surface; a strained material in the cavity, wherein a lattice constant of the strained material is different from a lattice constant of the substrate; a Ge-containing dielectric layer over the strained material; and a metal layer over the Ge-containing dielectric layer.

454 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
K. Kuhn1, Martin D. Giles1, D. Becher1, Pramod Kolar1  +5 moreInstitutions (1)
TL;DR: The importance of process variation in modern transistor technology is discussed, front-end variation sources are reviewed, device and circuit variation measurement techniques are presented, and recent intrinsic transistor variation performance from the literature is compared.
Abstract: Moore's law technology scaling has improved performance by five orders of magnitude in the last four decades. As advanced technologies continue the pursuit of Moore's law, a variety of challenges will need to be overcome. One of these challenges is the management of process variation. This paper discusses the importance of process variation in modern transistor technology, reviews front-end variation sources, presents device and circuit variation measurement techniques, including circuit and memory data from the 32-nm node, and compares recent intrinsic transistor variation performance from the literature.

316 citations



Journal ArticleDOI
Andreas Kerber1, Eduard A. Cartier2Institutions (2)
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that the introduction of HfO2/ TiN gate stacks into CMOS technologies provides the means to continue with traditional device gate length scaling. However, the introduction of HfO2 as a new gate dielectric and TiN as a metallic gate electrode into the gate stack of FETs brings about new challenges for understanding reliability physics and qualification. This contribution summarizes recent advances in the understanding of charge trapping and defect generation in HfO2/ TiN gate stacks. This paper relates the electrical properties to the chemical/physical properties of the high-epsiv dielectric and discusses test procedures specifically tailored to quantify gate stack reliability of HfO2/TiN gate stacks.

162 citations


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Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 12

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20214
20206
20196
20183
20175
20164