Education•Albion, Michigan, United States•
About: Albion College is a(n) education organization based out in Albion, Michigan, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Higher education. The organization has 485 authors who have published 754 publication(s) receiving 20907 citation(s).
Topics: Population, Higher education, Materialism, Recall, Lava
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Testing hypotheses with 3 waves of survey data support 4 individual difference hypotheses, specifically, that empathy and moral identity are negatively related to moral disengagement, while trait cynicism and chance locus of control orientation are positively related tomoral disengagement.
Abstract: This article advances understanding of the antecedents and outcomes of moral disengagement by testing hypotheses with 3 waves of survey data from 307 business and education undergraduate students. The authors theorize that 6 individual differences will either increase or decrease moral disengagement, defined as a set of cognitive mechanisms that deactivate moral self-regulatory processes and thereby help to explain why individuals often make unethical decisions without apparent guilt or self-censure (Bandura, 1986). Results support 4 individual difference hypotheses, specifically, that empathy and moral identity are negatively related to moral disengagement, while trait cynicism and chance locus of control orientation are positively related to moral disengagement. Two additional locus of control orientations are not significantly related to moral disengagement. The authors also hypothesize and find that moral disengagement is positively related to unethical decision making. Finally, the authors hypothesize that moral disengagement plays a mediating role between the individual differences they studied and unethical decisions. Their results offer partial support for these mediating hypotheses. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for future research and for practice.
01 Nov 1991-Journal of Business Ethics
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the impact of a social desirability response bias as a personality characteristic (self deception and impression management) and as an item characteristic (perceived desireability of the behavior) on self-reported ethical conduct.
Abstract: This study examines the impact of a social desirability response bias as a personality characteristic (self-deception and impression management) and as an item characteristic (perceived desirability of the behavior) on self-reported ethical conduct. Findings from a sample of college students revealed that self-reported ethical conduct is associated with both personality and item characteristics, with perceived desirability of behavior having the greatest influence on self-reported conduct. Implications for research in business ethics are drawn, and suggestions are offered for reducing the effects of a socially desirable response bias.
03 Mar 2008-Optics Express
TL;DR: The fabrication and evaluation of a fiber-coupled, photon-number-resolving TES detector optimized for absorption at 1550 and 1310 nm wavelengths is described, which to the authors' knowledge is the highest system detection efficiency reported for a near-infrared single-photon detector.
Abstract: Single-photon detectors operating at visible and near-infrared wavelengths with high detection efficiency and low noise are a requirement for many quantum-information applications. Superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs) are capable of detecting visible and near-infrared light at the single-photon level and are capable of discriminating between one-and two-photon absorption events; however these capabilities place stringent design requirements on the TES heat capacity, thermometry, and optical detection efficiency. We describe the fabrication and evaluation of a fiber-coupled, photon-number-resolving TES detector optimized for absorption at 1550 and 1310 nm wavelengths. The measured system detection efficiency at 1556 nm is 95 %±2 %, which to our knowledge is the highest system detection efficiency reported for a near-infrared single-photon detector.Work of US government: not subject to US copyright
GNS Science1, Victoria University of Wellington2, Northern Illinois University3, University of Nebraska–Lincoln4, University of Otago5, University of Siena6, Ohio State University7, National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology8, University of Massachusetts Amherst9, Harvard University10, Pennsylvania State University11, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology12, Appalachian State University13, Johns Hopkins University14, University of Milano-Bicocca15, Colorado School of Mines16, Denver Federal Center17, University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh18, University of Parma19, Iowa State University20, Stanford University21, University of Alberta22, Louisiana State University23, Albion College24, Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory25
TL;DR: A marine glacial record from the upper 600 m of the AND-1B sediment core recovered from beneath the northwest part of the Ross ice shelf is presented and well-dated, ∼40-kyr cyclic variations in ice-sheet extent linked to cycles in insolation influenced by changes in the Earth’s axial tilt (obliquity) during the Pliocene are demonstrated.
Abstract: Thirty years after oxygen isotope records from microfossils deposited in ocean sediments confirmed the hypothesis that variations in the Earth's orbital geometry control the ice ages, fundamental questions remain over the response of the Antarctic ice sheets to orbital cycles. Furthermore, an understanding of the behaviour of the marine-based West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) during the 'warmer-than-present' early-Pliocene epoch ( approximately 5-3 Myr ago) is needed to better constrain the possible range of ice-sheet behaviour in the context of future global warming. Here we present a marine glacial record from the upper 600 m of the AND-1B sediment core recovered from beneath the northwest part of the Ross ice shelf by the ANDRILL programme and demonstrate well-dated, approximately 40-kyr cyclic variations in ice-sheet extent linked to cycles in insolation influenced by changes in the Earth's axial tilt (obliquity) during the Pliocene. Our data provide direct evidence for orbitally induced oscillations in the WAIS, which periodically collapsed, resulting in a switch from grounded ice, or ice shelves, to open waters in the Ross embayment when planetary temperatures were up to approximately 3 degrees C warmer than today and atmospheric CO(2) concentration was as high as approximately 400 p.p.m.v. (refs 5, 6). The evidence is consistent with a new ice-sheet/ice-shelf model that simulates fluctuations in Antarctic ice volume of up to +7 m in equivalent sea level associated with the loss of the WAIS and up to +3 m in equivalent sea level from the East Antarctic ice sheet, in response to ocean-induced melting paced by obliquity. During interglacial times, diatomaceous sediments indicate high surface-water productivity, minimal summer sea ice and air temperatures above freezing, suggesting an additional influence of surface melt under conditions of elevated CO(2).
01 Mar 2012-Personnel Psychology
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of individuals' propensity to morally disengage on a broad range of unethical organizational behaviors was examined, and the power of the propensity to moral disengage to predict multiple types of unethical organisational behavior was demonstrated.
Abstract: We examine the influence of individuals’ propensity to morally disengage on a broad range of unethical organizational behaviors. First, we develop a parsimonious, adult-oriented, valid and reliable measure of an individual’s propensity to morally disengage, and demonstrate the relationship between it and a number of theoretically relevant constructs in its nomological network. Then, in four additional studies spanning laboratory and field settings, we demonstrate the power of the propensity to moral disengage to predict multiple types of unethical organizational behavior. In these studies we demonstrate that the propensity to morally disengage predicts several outcomes (self-reported unethical behavior, a decision to commit fraud, a self-serving decision in the workplace, and co-worker- and supervisor-reported unethical work behaviors) beyond other established individual difference antecedents of unethical organizational behavior, as well as the most closely related extant measure of the construct. We conclude that scholars and practitioners seeking to understand a broad range of undesirable workplace behaviors can benefit from taking an individual’s propensity to morally disengage into account. Implications for theory, research, and practice are discussed.
Showing all 485 results
|Mark M. Meerschaert||66||241||18138|
|Paul H. Anderson||42||207||5866|
|Andrew T. Reisner||37||160||5386|
|Aaron J. Miller||33||100||4591|
|William B. Armstrong||31||89||2488|
|Andrew N. Christopher||28||70||2169|
|Jahn K. Hakes||22||50||1694|
|Andrew F. Fidler||20||24||1338|
|Jeffrey C. Carrier||20||34||1947|
|Elizabeth M. Brumfiel||20||28||2216|
|Vicki L. Baker||20||42||1802|
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